Aksum
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  • 1. Aksum By: Tyler Achuff
  • 2. What is Aksum?
    • Aksum is an Ancient kingdom in northeastern Africa. The people of Aksum were in a monarchy nation, which means that Aksum was ruled by a king or queen.
  • 3. What I knew about Aksum.
    • I knew that Aksum is now Ethiopia and Eritrea.
  • 4. My Essential Question
    • Q: How did Aksum become so powerful?
  • 5. My Essential Question Answer
    • Aksum became so powerful because it was one of the most important trading kingdoms in eastern Africa. Aksum exported ivory, iron, salt incense, gold, and exotic animals.
  • 6. Religion
    • Aksum was the first major kingdom to convert completely to Christianity.
    This is the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion
  • 7. Achievements
    • Aksum was the first kingdom to mint coins.
    An Aksum-minted coin
  • 8. Achievements (cont.)
    • Aksum is suspected to be the final resting place for the Ark of The Covenant, which is a golden box that holds the ten commandments. It is said to be located in the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion in Ethiopia.
  • 9. Ceremonies
    • For ceremonies, Aksumites use obelisks. Obelisks are also used for grave stones, the most famous one is The obelisk of Axum.
    This is the Obelisk of Axum
  • 10. The downfall of Aksum
    • Aksum declined because of the rise of Islam and the control of trade by Muslim sailors. Also, climate change is another main reason of the decline of Aksum.
  • 11. What I thought was cool
    • I thought that the Ark of the Covenant might have been brought to Aksum.
  • 12. What questions do I have now
    • Is the Ark of the Covenant really in that church?
    • What wars was Aksum in?
  • 13. Sources
    • Information:
    • 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aksumite_Empire
    • 2. http://wysinger.homestead.com/aksum.html
    • 3. http://www.ethiopianhistory.com/Aksum
    • 4. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-aksum.htm
  • 14. Sources (cont.)
    • Information:
    • 5. http://worldheritagesite.org/sites/aksum.html
    • Pictures:
    • 1. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/Stela_aksum.jpg
    • 2. http://www.13suns.com/zion1.jpg
  • 15. Sources (cont.)
    • Pictures:
    • 3. http://www.smithlifescience.com/SSAfricaAskumCoin.jpg
    • 4. http://z.about.com/d/archaeology/1/0/n/A/axum_obelisk.jpg