Chapter 21- Brief Myths<br />By Shana Dodgson<br />
Amalthea<br />In one story, Amalthea is a goat. Her milk was used to feed Zeus when he was a baby.<br />In another story, ...
The Amazons<br />The Amazons were a group of fierce, man-hating women warriors.<br />There are many more statues and portr...
Amymone<br />Amymone was a Danaid. <br />While fetching water, a satyr chased her.<br />She was saved by Poseidon, who was...
Antiope<br />Antiope was the mother to two of Zeus’ sons, Zethus and Amphion.<br />They were raised by a herdsman after An...
Arachne<br />Arachne was a peasant and a skilled weaver. She claimed that her work was even superior to the goddess Minerv...
Arion<br />Arion was a real person.  He was a poet who lived about 700 B.C.<br />His poems have not been passed down, and ...
Aristaeus<br />Aristaeus was a beekeeper. <br />When all of his bees were struck dead by a disease, his mother, the water ...
Aurora and Tithonus<br />Aurora was Goddess of the Dawn. Tithonus was her husband.<br />Aurora wished for her husband to b...
Biton and Cleobis<br />Biton and Cleobis were the sons of Cydippe.<br />They dragged their mother in a cart to Argos, so s...
Callisto<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />Callisto was the daughter of Lycaon, who was turned into a wolf for serving human fl...
Chiron<br />Chiron was a centaur.<br />He was the only immortal centaur, but died.<br />He was known for his wisdom and ta...
                                    Clytie  <br />Clytie fell in love with the Sun God and spent her days sitting and watc...
Dryope<br />Dryope was playing in a pool with her son and sister, Iole.<br />She plucked lotus blossoms from a tree, only ...
Epimenides<br />As a boy, he went out looking for his lost sheep.<br />He fell into a deep sleep that lasted 57 years.<br ...
Ericthonius<br />He was also called Erechtheus.<br />He was the son of Hephaestus and raised by Athena.<br />He was half-m...
Hero and Leander<br />Hero and Leander were lovers who lived on opposite shores.<br />Every night, Leander swam to see Her...
Hyades<br />They were the daughters of Atlas.<br />The Pleiades were their half-sisters.<br />There were six of them. They...
Ibycus and the Cranes<br />Ibycus was a poet who lived about 550 B.C.<br />As he lay dying after being attacked by robbers...
Leto<br />Leto was the daughter of two Titans.<br />She became pregnant with two of Zeus’s children. Zeus abandoned her, f...
Linus<br />Linus was the son of Apollo and Psamathe. <br />His mother abandoned him, and he was brought up by shepherds.<b...
Marpessa<br />Marpessa fell in love with Idas, who of the Argonauts.<br />Apollo fell in love with her also.<br />Idas and...
Marsyas<br />Marsyas was a satyr, who found the flute after Athena threw it away because it disfigured her face.<br />He c...
Melampus<br />Melampus saved two baby snakes who then licked his ears, giving him the power to understand animals.<br />He...
Merope<br />Merope’s husband and two of her sons were killed in a rebellion.<br />Her third son, Aepytus, was hidden in Ar...
The Myrmidons<br />Zeus fell in love with Aegina, whose son, Aeacus, ruled over the island named for her.<br />Hera was je...
Nisus and Scylla<br />Nisus was King of Megara. He had a purple lock of hair which as long as it was on his head, protecte...
Orion<br />Orion was very beautiful and a great hunter.<br />He fell in love with King Oenopion’s daughter and cleared her...
The Pleiades<br />They were 7 daughters of Atlas.<br />Orion relentlessly pursued them.  Zeus saved them by turning them i...
Rhoecus<br />Rhoecus saved an oak tree that was about to topple, and in doing so, also saved a dryad’s live.<br />She offe...
Salmoneus<br />Salmoneus built a large chariot and drove it through the streets on the day of Zeus’s festival, yelling for...
Sisyphus<br />Sisyphus was the King of Corinth.<br />He witnessed Zeus carrying away Aegina and told her father, the river...
Tyro<br />Tyro was Salmoneus’s daughter.<br />She gave birth to Poseidon’s twin sons, Pelias and Neleus.<br />She abandone...
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Chapter 21 Brief Myths

  1. 1. Chapter 21- Brief Myths<br />By Shana Dodgson<br />
  2. 2. Amalthea<br />In one story, Amalthea is a goat. Her milk was used to feed Zeus when he was a baby.<br />In another story, she is the owner of the goat.<br />She is associated with the Cornucopia, or Horn of Plenty.<br />The Cornucopia was always filled with food and drink.<br />In Latin mythology, Cornucopia was the horn of the river god Achelous, which had broken off in a battle with Zeus.<br />Microsoft Office Clipart<br />
  3. 3. The Amazons<br />The Amazons were a group of fierce, man-hating women warriors.<br />There are many more statues and portraits of them than there are poems.<br />They invaded Lycia, Phrygia, and Attica.<br />Theseus kidnapped their Queen. They attempted to rescue her, but they were unable to defeat Theseus. <br />They fought against the Greeks during the Trojan war.<br />
  4. 4. Amymone<br />Amymone was a Danaid. <br />While fetching water, a satyr chased her.<br />She was saved by Poseidon, who was in love with her.<br />To honor her, he made a spring and named it for her.<br />Microsoft Office Clipart<br />
  5. 5. Antiope<br />Antiope was the mother to two of Zeus’ sons, Zethus and Amphion.<br />They were raised by a herdsman after Antiope abandoned them because she feared Zeus.<br />The ruler of Thebes, Lycus, and his wife, Dirce, treated Antiope very cruelly, and she went into hiding.<br />She found her sons who decided to seek revenge for their mother. They killed Lycus and tied Dirce’s hair to a bull, so that she would be dragged and killed.<br />
  6. 6. Arachne<br />Arachne was a peasant and a skilled weaver. She claimed that her work was even superior to the goddess Minerva’s, who was known for her weaving.<br />Minerva was angered by this and challenged Arachne to a contest.<br />At the same time, both finished beautiful cloths.<br />Minerva cut up Arachne’s work in a fit of rage and beat the girl<br />Embarrassed and angry, Arachne hanged herself.<br />Feeling sorry, Minerva then changed her into a spider.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  7. 7. Arion<br />Arion was a real person. He was a poet who lived about 700 B.C.<br />His poems have not been passed down, and little is known about him.<br />The only story about Arion concerns his escape from sailors he was sailing with on his return to Corinth after participating in a music contest in Sicily.<br />He had won the contest, and the sailors attacked him, hoping to steal his prize.<br />He asked to play one song before he died. The sailors granted his wish, and as he finished the song, he escaped into the sea and was saved by dolphins.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  8. 8. Aristaeus<br />Aristaeus was a beekeeper. <br />When all of his bees were struck dead by a disease, his mother, the water nymph Cyrene, told him to seek advice from the sea god Proteus.<br />He had to capture and hold Proteus in order to get the information from him. This was a difficult task because Proteus could change shape and took many horrible forms.<br />Aristaeus succeeded, and Proteus told him to make a sacrifice and leave it in its place.<br />Nine days later, he returned and found a swarm of bees.<br />The bees were never sick again.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  9. 9. Aurora and Tithonus<br />Aurora was Goddess of the Dawn. Tithonus was her husband.<br />Aurora wished for her husband to be immortal. However, she did not wish for him to stay young.<br />He aged and withered away, but could not die.<br />Aurora locked him in a room where he lay, his mind gone.<br />Tithonus grew so small that she turned him into a grasshopper.<br />They had a son Memnon, who died fighting in the Trojan War. A statue was erected to him in Egypt, and when the morning light hit it, a twanging sound could be heard. <br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  10. 10. Biton and Cleobis<br />Biton and Cleobis were the sons of Cydippe.<br />They dragged their mother in a cart to Argos, so she could see a beautiful statue.<br />Their thankful mother prayed to Hera upon their arrival that she would reward them with “the best gift in her power.”<br />She gave the exhausted boys death.<br />
  11. 11. Callisto<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />Callisto was the daughter of Lycaon, who was turned into a wolf for serving human flesh to Zeus.<br />Zeus fell in love with her.<br />The jealous Hera turned her into a bear shortly after her son was born. She attempted to arrange it so that the son would unknowingly kill his mother while hunting.<br />Zeus made her into a constellation, the Great Bear. <br />Her son was eventually put next to her, the Lesser Bear.<br />Hera convinced Poseidon to ban them from ever setting into the ocean.<br />They are the only constellations that do not drop below the horizon.<br />
  12. 12. Chiron<br />Chiron was a centaur.<br />He was the only immortal centaur, but died.<br />He was known for his wisdom and taught many famous Greeks, including Achilles.<br />Hercules was visiting another centaur and coaxed him into opening a jar of wine that belonged to all the centaurs.<br />The other centaurs smelled the wine and came rushing.<br />Hercules fought them off, and in doing so, wounded Chiron.<br />Chiron was in great pain. Zeus pitied him and allowed him to die.<br />
  13. 13. Clytie <br />Clytie fell in love with the Sun God and spent her days sitting and watching him.<br />The Sun God had no interest in Clytie.<br />She was turned into the sunflower, which always faces the sun.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  14. 14. Dryope<br />Dryope was playing in a pool with her son and sister, Iole.<br />She plucked lotus blossoms from a tree, only to discover that the tree was the nymph, Lotus, and she had caused her harm.<br />She was then turned into a tree.<br />She asked that her son be brought to play in the trees shade and to warn him never to pick flowers because it may be a god or goddess in disguise. <br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  15. 15. Epimenides<br />As a boy, he went out looking for his lost sheep.<br />He fell into a deep sleep that lasted 57 years.<br />Upon awakening, he continued his search, unaware of the time that had passed.<br />He purified Athens of a plague. He refused the large sum of money offered as a reward. He wanted only friendship between Athens and his home, Cnossos.<br />
  16. 16. Ericthonius<br />He was also called Erechtheus.<br />He was the son of Hephaestus and raised by Athena.<br />He was half-man and half-serpent.<br />Athena put Ericthonius in a chest, gave it to the 3 daughters of Cecrops, and forbade them to open it.<br />They opened it anyway, and Athena drove them mad as a punishment. They committed suicide by jumping from the Acropolis. <br />Erichthonius became King of Athens.<br />
  17. 17. Hero and Leander<br />Hero and Leander were lovers who lived on opposite shores.<br />Every night, Leander swam to see Hero, guided by a light. Some say it was a lighthouse, and some say it was a torch lit by Hero.<br />One night, the light went out, and Leander drowned.<br />Hero found his body the next morning and killed herself.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  18. 18. Hyades<br />They were the daughters of Atlas.<br />The Pleiades were their half-sisters.<br />There were six of them. They cared for the baby Dionysus, and as a reward, were turned into stars by Zeus.<br />They were supposed to bring rain, since they set during the rainy season, which was early May and November.<br />www.umich. edu<br />
  19. 19. Ibycus and the Cranes<br />Ibycus was a poet who lived about 550 B.C.<br />As he lay dying after being attacked by robbers near Corinth, he asked a flock of cranes flying overheard to avenge him.<br />The cranes flew over a theater where a play was being performed.<br />A man exclaimed that the cranes were there on behalf of Ibycus, identifying himself as one of the robbers.<br />The others were then discovered, and they were all killed for their crime.<br />
  20. 20. Leto<br />Leto was the daughter of two Titans.<br />She became pregnant with two of Zeus’s children. Zeus abandoned her, fearing Hera.<br />No place would allow her to give birth there because they too were afraid of Hera’s wrath.<br />She was welcomed by Delos, a small, rocky island floating in the sea.<br />Once Leto set foot on it, four pillars appeared and attached it to the seafloor.<br />Artemis and Apollo were born there. Years later, Apollo’s temple stood here, and Delos became renowned. <br /> www.vroma.org<br />
  21. 21. Linus<br />Linus was the son of Apollo and Psamathe. <br />His mother abandoned him, and he was brought up by shepherds.<br />As a youth, he was torn apart by dogs.<br />“Ailinon!” was a Greek word similar to “alas!” and meant “woe for Linus.”<br />Apollo had another son named Linus who was killed while attempting to teach Hercules. <br />
  22. 22. Marpessa<br />Marpessa fell in love with Idas, who of the Argonauts.<br />Apollo fell in love with her also.<br />Idas and Apollo were prepared to fight with her, but Zeus stepped in and told her to pick.<br />She picked Idas, since she knew Apollo would not be faithful to her.<br />
  23. 23. Marsyas<br />Marsyas was a satyr, who found the flute after Athena threw it away because it disfigured her face.<br />He challenged Apollo to a contest.<br />After Apollo won, he whipped Marsyas.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  24. 24. Melampus<br />Melampus saved two baby snakes who then licked his ears, giving him the power to understand animals.<br />He was captured. In his prison, he heard worms say a roof beam would soon fall.<br />He asked to be moved, and when what he said came true, he was released and rewarded.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  25. 25. Merope<br />Merope’s husband and two of her sons were killed in a rebellion.<br />Her third son, Aepytus, was hidden in Arcadia.<br />She married Polyphontes.<br />Aepytus returned, pretending to be his own murderer.<br />Polyphontes treated him very kindly, while Merope planned her revenge on him.<br />She discovered he was really her son, and the two killed Polyphontes and made Aepytus the King.<br />
  26. 26. The Myrmidons<br />Zeus fell in love with Aegina, whose son, Aeacus, ruled over the island named for her.<br />Hera was jealous and sent a plague which destroyed all the people.<br />Aeacus prayed to Zeus for help. He saw a colony of ants and asked Zeus to turn them into people.<br />He heard thunder and that night, dreamt that his prayer came true.<br />In the morning, a huge group of men were approaching the palace, swearing their loyalty to him.<br />There men were created from the ants and called the Myrmidons. Like ants, they were hard-working and vigilant. <br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  27. 27. Nisus and Scylla<br />Nisus was King of Megara. He had a purple lock of hair which as long as it was on his head, protected the city from harm.<br />Minos tried to attack the city. Scylla fell in love with him, and in an attempt to win his heart, cut the purple lock and brought it to him.<br />Minos spurned her and conquered the city.<br />Nisus was turned into an eagle by the gods to save him from the attack.<br />As Minos left, Scylla jumped in the water and grabbed hold of the boat.<br />The eagle swooped down upon her, forcing her to let go.<br />She too was turned into a bird because her sin was one of love.<br />
  28. 28. Orion<br />Orion was very beautiful and a great hunter.<br />He fell in love with King Oenopion’s daughter and cleared her home island of Chios of wild animals for her.<br />While drunk, he offended his fiancée. Dionysus put him into a deep sleep, and Oenopion blinded him.<br />He traveled east to gaze upon the rising sun and restore his sight.<br />He sought revenge on Oenopion, but could not find him.<br />He lived as Artemis’s huntsmen. He made one of the gods angry and was killed.<br />He became a constellation.<br />
  29. 29. The Pleiades<br />They were 7 daughters of Atlas.<br />Orion relentlessly pursued them. Zeus saved them by turning them into stars.<br />One was the mother of Hermes, and one was the mother of the founder of the Trojan race.<br />Only six of the stars are easily seen.<br />ww.nasa.gov<br />
  30. 30. Rhoecus<br />Rhoecus saved an oak tree that was about to topple, and in doing so, also saved a dryad’s live.<br />She offered him an award. He asked for her love.<br />She told him that she would send a bee to tell him her wishes.<br />Rhoecus disregarded the bee when it came and swatted it away.<br />The dryad was angry and blinded him.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  31. 31. Salmoneus<br />Salmoneus built a large chariot and drove it through the streets on the day of Zeus’s festival, yelling for people to worship him.<br />There was a peal of thunder and a flash of lightening, and Salmoneus was dead.<br />Some believe Salmoneus was a magician trying to induce a rainstorm.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  32. 32. Sisyphus<br />Sisyphus was the King of Corinth.<br />He witnessed Zeus carrying away Aegina and told her father, the river-god Asopus, what he saw.<br />He was punished by being forced to roll a rock uphill which always rolled back on him for all eternity.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  33. 33. Tyro<br />Tyro was Salmoneus’s daughter.<br />She gave birth to Poseidon’s twin sons, Pelias and Neleus.<br />She abandoned them, and they were raised by Salmoneus’s horse keeper and his wife.<br />Tyro’s husband learned she had been unfaithful and left her to marry Sidero, who treated Tyro very cruelly.<br />The twins learned who their real parents were. They sought Tyro, and when they saw her great misery, decided to take revenge on Sidero.<br />Pelias killed her in Hera’s temple.<br />He was punished by eventually being killed by his own daughters.<br />

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