What Was the Point of Segregation and How Did it Hurt Blacks/Benefit Whites?
Prior Knowledge/ Why I Chose This Topic
I knew that Apartheid was a set of laws that discriminated South Africans by race, and took away their rights.
I chose this topic because in our textbook, I first heard of it but it really didn’t go into details about what started apartheid and what it actually did.
England goes to South Africa and Conquer Dutch.
Dutch establish Orange Free State and Transvaal (these were free of British rule)
Diamonds are found, and British invade and start the Boer War
Whites start making Blacks work for them
Only towns under British rule, like Cape town, were non racist
Before Apartheid (cont.)
Blacks needed passports to gain access to white only areas, but they couldn’t get into white only areas that gave the passports out.
Blacks and whites start fighting over mines (like the Rand rebellion).
This was a color bar but eventually transitioned to apartheid
Start of Apartheid
Afrikaner National Party starts apartheid to gain more power over the black majority
They separated South Africans into Black, White, Colored and Asian groups
This was based on appearance, acceptance and decent.
Start of Apartheid (cont.)
They created homelands to separate blacks from the rest of the country
Blacks tried to fight back by boycotting passports, although many were killed or sent to jail in the process
These laws stripped blacks of their basic rights like the right to vote and they didn’t get good education
Computers and Apartheid
Police and other leaders used computers to keep track of and to control apartheid
This made South Africa depend on computers
IBM was the biggest supplier of computers to South Africa
At the time, South Africa was the third biggest buyer of computers in the world
More About Computers and Apartheid
During the cold war, there was a stop in supplying South Africa with new computers.
This made South African leaders annoyed, but it didn’t help much to put a major dent in apartheid
End of Apartheid
Blacks and whites protested by violence, strikes, demonstrations, and sabotage
Technology was withdrawn from South Africa
Apartheid started to die
New leaders who came to power relaxed rules of Apartheid
President Frederik Willem de Klerk passed laws to end apartheid
Nelson Mandela, a former peaceful protester gets elected as president of South Africa
Since blacks were stripped of education, there is now a problem of getting them the educations they need
Did You Know?
During WWI & WWII, blacks were able to get better jobs because the war effort needed extra metal, so there were more jobs in the mines, although after these periods, it went back down to the normal unfairness of apartheid
My New Questions
Was there any big story on one of the specific homelands about protesting?