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    World Cultures: Iraq Unit Notes World Cultures: Iraq Unit Notes Presentation Transcript

    • What challenges face Iraq? Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 1
    • What challenges have they overcome? Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 2 Jeff Koterba, Omaha World Herald, NE, 3/9/10
    • Iraq: Past, Present, & Future* World Cultures 9
    • A Review of the Region Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 4
    • Iraqis are…* Sunni Arab - more liberal, democratic  Minority - 20%  Ruled through Hussein’s Ba’ath party Shi’a Arab (Shiites) – more conservative, likely to tolerate a theocracy  Majority – 60%  Persecuted by Hussein Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 5
    • Persecuted by Hussein Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 6
    • The Iraqis are…* Sunni Arab - more liberal, likely to be democratic  Minority - 20% of population  Ruled through Hussein’s Ba’ath party Shi’a Arab – more conservative, likely to want a theocracy  Majority – 60%  Persecuted by Hussein Kurds – an ethnic minority group  Not Arab – Turkish; most are Sunni  Northern Iraq; oil-rich  Persecuted by Hussein; chemical weapons used against them (1986-88)  Desire autonomy, or self rule Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 7
    • During his Anfal campaign, it is estimated that Saddam ordered the killing of Over 180,000 Kurds. The reason? Retribution for opposing his rule and support of Iran during the Iran-Iraq war. Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 8
    • Saddam Hussein* President 1979 - 2003 Leader of Ba’ath party  wanted a more secular , or non- religious, country  Used fear, torture and murder to maintain rule Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 9
    • A Fighting Nation* Since Hussein came to power in 1979, Iraq has been involved in 3 major conflicts 1. Iran-Iraq War: 1980 - 1988 Reasons  Borders - Iraq wanted control over waterways  Resources – Iraq wanted oil-rich region in Iran  Religion –Iraq feared spread of conservative/religious Shi’a values (from Iran) The Conflict  Iraq attacked Iran  US supported Iraq Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 10
    • Taken during the Iran-Iraq War in the 1980’s Rumsfield Iraq: Past, Present, & Future Hussein 11
    • A Fighting Nation* Since Hussein came to power in 1979, Iraq has been involved in three major international conflicts 1. Iran-Iraq War: 1980 - 1988 Reasons  Borders – Iraq wanted control over waterways and ports  Resources – Iraq wanted oil-rich region in Iran  Religion –Iraq feared spread of conservative/religious Shi’a values (from Iran) The Conflict  Iraq attacked Iran  US supported Iraq Outcome  UN resolution calls for cease fire  Both countries in debt; oil infrastructure crippled Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 12
    • $ Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 13
    • A Fighting Nation* 2. Gulf War: 1991 Reasons  Money - Iraq owed Kuwait $14 billion from Iran-Iraq War  Borders - dispute with Kuwait over oil-rich land Conflict  Iraq invaded Kuwait  Bush Sr.’s objective: remove Iraq from Kuwait  Iraq defeated in 6 weeks by US led coalition called “Operation Desert Storm” Outcome  Iraq out of Kuwait  Hussein left in power to rebuild Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 14
    • A Fighting Nation* 3. Iraq War 2003 - ? Reasons  Iraq violated UN resolution about weapons of mass destruction (WMDs)  Invasion based on belief that Hussein had WMDs Conflict  US invades - Short war (?) into a civil war, into rebuilding Outcomes  Hussein removed from power, tried and executed  US is attempting to help rebuild country  Your thoughts? Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 15
    • Free Write: Why do you think Iraq has been involved in so many conflicts in recent years? Iraq: Past, Present, & Future 16