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Chapter1presentation

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  • 1. Medical Terminology Chapter 1 Presentation Building Medical Words from Word Parts By:Daniel Marzullo
  • 2. Medical Words
    • Can contain FOUR different word parts:
    • Prefix
    • Word Root
    • Combining Vowels
    • Suffix
    • Different combinations construct different medical terms.
  • 3. Prefix
    • New Medical term formed by adding prefixes to the beginning of a term.
    • Modifies the meaning of the word root.
    • Not EVERY medical term has a prefix.
    • Prefixes give information about location of organs , number of parts , or time (frequency).
    • Examples:
    Post partum ( after birth) Peri cardial ( around the heart) Hypo glossal ( under the tongue) Bi lateral ( two sides)
  • 4. Word Root
    • Foundation of a medical term that provides the general meaning of the word.
    • Medical Terms CAN have more than one word root.
    • Examples:
    • Word root often indicates the body system or body part being discussed.
    • Word root may also be an action .
    In cis ion (process of cutting into) Peri cardi um (around the heart ) Rhin oplasty (surgical repair of the nose)
  • 5. Combining Vowels
    • Vowel that connects word root to another word root
    • Usually an O
    • Examples:
    • Combining vowel can also be used to connect a word root to a suffix.
    • Not needed if suffix begins with vowel
    • Found in the middle of a term, NEVER begins or ends word.
    Cardi o my o pathy Gastr o enteritis Arth o scope Path o logy
  • 6. Suffix
    • Attached to then end of a word to add meaning.
    • Every medical term MUST have a suffix.
    • Examples :
    • Suffixes are used to indicate condition , disease , or procedure .
    • Usually follows word root, but terms CAN be built from a suffix added directly to a prefix.
    Card itis ( inflammation of the heart) Chemo therapy ( treatment w/ chemicals) Dys trophy (abnormal development ) Carcino genic ( producing cancer)
  • 7. Interpreting Medical Terms
    • 3 Steps
    • Divide the term into its word parts
    • Ex: Gastr / o / enter / o / logy
    • Define each word part
    • Ex: Gastr = stomach
    • o = combining vowel, no meaning
    • enter = small intestine
    • o = combining vowel, no meaning
    • logy = study of
    • Combine the meaning of the word parts
    • Ex: stomach, small intestine, study of
    • Gastroenterology = the study of the stomach & small intestine