With the provision of concrete visual or manipulate representation, students’ recall of a story events were apparently improved.
(Marley, Levin, & Glenberg, 2007)
Purposes of the Study to ascertain the effects of viewing English cartoons with English subtitle and without English subtitle on fifth graders’ listening ability in Taiwan to examine the participants’ attitude toward learning English through viewing English cartoons 1 2
Which group of students improve greater after they learned English through viewing English cartoons? 1 Research Questions What is children’s attitude toward learning English through viewing English cartoons? 2
Literature Review 1 2 3 4 Children’s Language Learning with Audio-Visual Technology Identifying Listening Problems Listening Strategy Listening with Audio-Visual Aids
Literature Review Identifying Listening Problems ▪ speed of delivery ▪ vocabulary ▪ intonation ▪ background knowledge ▪ personal factors (Goh, 2000 ; Graham, 2006)
81 % of the college students thought that viewing videos had been helpful to their listening
comprehension than listening to text alone.
(Wilberschied & Berman, 2004)
Literature Review Children’s Language Learning with Audio-Visual Technology
Methodology 30 elementary students: 4- through 6-grade Meeting the Robinsons One month Huang-Ju Elementary School in Taichung Location Duration Material Participants
Procedure 15 students Experiment Group 15 students Control Group 15 minutes watching English cartoon video with English subtitle watching English cartoon video without English subtitle 15 minutes 10 minutes 10 minutes Introducing vocabulary & sentence pattern Post-test Pre-test Introducing vocabulary & sentence pattern
English Subtitle I hope he gets adopted. You and me both, chief. I mean, there's so many things in the world that can be improved. Just think of it. Moving sidewalks, flying cars. The possibilities are endless. Flying cars? Yeah, that's a good one. All it takes is some imagination and a little science, and we can make the world a better place. Well, these are all interesting ideas. So, what's your favorite sport ? Well, does inventing count as a sport ? － Actually... ……………………………………………… ..
Lesson Plan Have some students answer questions about today’s lesson. e.g. Q: 這些是我的眼鏡 A: These are my glasses. Q: 那些是我的模型 A: Those are my models. Warp Up Teach students vocabulary and sentence pattern. Activity II Viewing of the video (15 minutes) Activity I Have a short conversation about their lunch time. Warm Up robot 機器人 , clothes 衣服 , toy train 玩具火車 , glasses 眼鏡 , model 模型 Vocabulary These/Those are my __ N. __ 這些 / 那些 是我的 _ _N. __ Sentence Pattern Lesson Plan
Instrument International Learning, Teaching and Evaluation Agency (ILTEA) It conforms with the Common European Framework Range (CEFR). Pre-test & Post-test
Instrument Pre-test & Post-test Paired ─ Sample T Test Test time: 20 minutes 20 Questions