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hhsaplit3skajeb hhsaplit3skajeb Presentation Transcript

  • Social Structure Erin Baker Ann Jacoby Skylar Kulbacki
  • Social Classes
    • Working Class – physical labor
    • Middle Class – performed clean work
    • Upper Class – did not have to work
  • Working Class
    • Poor living and working conditions
    • Did not follow rules of courtship
    • Did not participate in social entertainment
    • Had very little chance for education
  • Working Class Conditions
    • Working conditions:
      • Workers included women and children
      • Long work days
      • Poor nutrition and health
      • Living conditions:
        • Often over crowded
        • Poorly ventilated
        • No sewage or drainage systems
  • Jobs for the Working Class
    • Women did all their own housework then had to go do chores for more privileged women
    • Men in this class held jobs for the unskilled
    • Children even had to work to help support the family in textile mills and factories
  • Middle Class
    • Only men provided the income
    • Consisted of bankers, shopkeepers, merchants, engineers, other professionals
  • Upper Class
    • Wealth came from inherited land or investments
    • Included people from the church and of nobility
  • Courtship
    • Rules varied based upon class
    • Courtship advanced by gradations
    • Lower classes had opportunities to socialize at church and during holiday season
    • Upper class held their own social events throughout the season
  • Being a Lady
    • Only women of the upper and middle class have a coming out
      • Completed education signified availability for marriage
      • A girl’s introduction into social life
    • Must follow rules a strict set of rules
      • Outward appearance
      • Social behavior
  • Being a Gentleman
    • Had to follow rules for introductions
    • Duty is always to his lady
    • Different rituals for the meeting of acquaintances
    • Followed etiquette for dinner parties
  • Entertainment
    • Several popular forms of entertainment vary by socioeconomic class
    • All could enjoy the arts except those of the working class
      • Class distinction was evident in the type of dancing
    • Middle and upper class read and studied society novels
  • Women’s Entertainment
    • Women of higher class joined various social groups
    • Limited to specific sports they could play
    • Towards the end of the era, women’s sports expanded
  • Men’s Entertainment
    • Men joined various social groups and societies
    • Card games and gambling became popular among the males
    • Well-bred men would frequent pleasure gardens like the Cremorne Gardens
  • Reforms
    • Education reforms
      • Moving to provide education for more than just the privileged
      • Factory reforms
        • Working to get children out of the factories and provide better conditions
      • Political reforms
        • Worked to close the huge gap between the classes