Ways To Optimize Our Environmental Levy Scheme
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Ways To Optimize Our Environmental Levy Scheme

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Ways To Optimize Our Environmental Levy Scheme Ways To Optimize Our Environmental Levy Scheme Presentation Transcript

  • POLS 7050 Public Administration Kitty Wong Sin Ting (09422196) and Alik Lee Lik Hang (09409424) Ways to Optimize our Environmental Levy Scheme on Plastic Shopping Bags
  • Background
    • Indiscriminate use of plastic shopping bags as a major and visible environmental problem
    • > 8 billion plastic bags are disposed to our landfill yearly
    • in order words, everyone of us uses three plastic bags in every single day
  • About the Scheme
    • change the public’s habit
    Objective
    •  use of plastic shopping bags
    • encourage more environmentally responsible behaviour through “direct polluter pays”
    • improve the public’s environmental consciousness
  • As planned, the levy scheme will undergo another phase, so, what should be implemented?
  • Current Issue
        • use of substitute increases
        • consumers take even more plastic bags from those unregistered retailers
        • consumers are trying to avoid such levy
  • Recommendation Reasons:
    • suggest supermarkets not to
    • place their “ flat bag for fruit ” openly
    • eliminate the issue of unfair competitiveness
    • change the habit of purchasing
    • strengthen understand the concept of
    • “ polluter pays ”
    comprehensive levy scheme for plastic bags should be introduced
  • Positive outcome from Ireland
  • Difficulties
    • Retailer
      • difficulty on applying the levy scheme
      • insufficient manpower to administrate
    • Plastic bag manufacturer
      • strike on their industry
      • unemployment issue
    • Government
      • cost on staff employment, law enforcement, researches, and administrative cost
    • Consumer
      • lack of convenience
      • affect the grass-root of the society
  • Cost-and-benefit Evaluation
    • subsidize affected industry
    • bare-in-mind the principle of the levy scheme :
    environmental consciousness of public
  • Conclusion
    • levy Scheme for Plastic Bag is recommended to apply to all retailers / stores
    • in short term, several challenges would be arose, like problem of market shifting, administrative cost of retailers as well as government
  • Conclusion
    • for long term, a positive outcome is likely to be happen, not only on the matter of misuse of plastic bags, but also the other similar products
    • introducing the levy scheme, not only for our own, but also for our next generation; not only for Hong Kong, but also for the whole ecosystem
  • References: Assessment of Benefits and Effects of the Plastic Shopping Bag Charging Scheme by GHK (Hong Kong) Ltd. http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/files/GHK_study.pdf Environmental Levy Scheme on Plastic Shopping Bags by Environmental Protection Department http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/psb/en/index.html Plastic shopping bag levy yields positive results by Environmental Protection Department http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/200911/02/P200911020245.htm Plastic Bag : Friend or Foe? http://www.plasticbageconomics.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26&Itemid=40 Plastic Bags by Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government http://www.environ.ie/en/Environment/Waste/PlasticBags/
  • End