“ The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding the ‘objective correlative’, in other words, a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion; such that when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked.”
The Objective Correlative The waste land is the situation that signifies human despair and fear of death
During the process of transformation, certain archetypical images occur, forming a continuity and an interaction of symbols expressing the disintegration and death of the old pattern and the gradual emergence of the new.
After the transformation, the center of the personality shifts from the ego to a point of equilibrium between the individual consciousness and the collective psyche.
Jessie L. Weston: From Ritual to Romance (1920)
an attempt to explain the roots of the legend of the Holy Grail
enumerates the seemingly inexplicable elements of the quest--The Fisher King, The Wasteland, the Chapel Perilous, and the Grail Cup itself
ties them to the symbols and initiatory rites of the ancient mystery religions whose common source were the vegetation rituals and fertility rites
Its thesis is that ancient religions were fertility cults that centered around the worship of, and periodic sacrifice of, a sacred king, the incarnation of a dying and reviving god, a solar deity who underwent a mystic marriage to a goddess of the earth, and who died at the harvest and who was reincarnated in the spring.
It claimed that this legend was central to almost all of the world's mythologies.
imitates the jazz-like syncopation--and, like 1920s jazz, essentially iconoclastic
captures the dissonance and urban rhythms of modern life
parallels The Rite of Spring which “transforms the rhythm of the steppes into the scream of the motor horn, the rattle of the machinery, the grind of the wheels, the beating of iron and steel, the roar of the underground railway, and the other barbaric cries of modern life; and to transform these despairing noises into music”