An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s Crust that creates Seismic Waves.
Tectonic earthquakes will occur anywhere within the earth where there is sufficient stored elastic strain energy to drive fracture propagation along a fault plane.
Earthquakes are caused by faulting, a sudden lateral or vertical movement of rock along a rupture (break) surface.
There are three main types of fault that may cause an earthquake: normal, reverse (thrust) and strike-slip.
Prepare For an Earthquake At home:
Make sure you and your family know all the "safe spots" in the home, such as against inside walls, as well as the "danger spots" in the home such as windows, mirrors, hanging objects and fireplaces.
Store breakable and heavy objects on lower shelves. Also, use latches on cabinet doors.
Maintain emergency food, water, medicine, a first aid kit, tools and clothing for earthquake aftermath.
Secure heavy furnishings.
Keep a list of emergency phone numbers available.
Prepare For an Earthquake At School:
Earthquake Drill & Evacuation.
Eliminate all nonstructural hazards.
Classroom hazards would include heavy objects placed above head level or bookcases that are not bolted to the wall.
Develop a safe place plan in the classroom. Review areas in the classroom that will provide added shelter from falling debris, such as under furniture, in an interior corner or an interior hallway.
Identify and review all exits.
During an Earthquake At Home & School:
If you're indoors, stay there. Get under and hold onto a desk or table, or stand against an interior wall. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
Stay inside until shaking stops and it is safe to go outside.
Be aware that the electricity may go or fire alarms may turn on.
Most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
Remain calm - do not panic!
Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported.
After an Earthquake At Home:
Listen to a battery-operated radio or television. Listen for the latest emergency information.
Open cabinets cautiously. Beware of objects that can fall off shelves.
Stay away from damaged areas.
Remember to help your neighbors who may require special help such as infants, the elderly, and people with disabilities. Give first aid where appropriate.
Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline or other flammable liquids immediately.
After an Earthquake At School:
Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it.
Stay out of damaged buildings.
Be careful around broken glass and debris.
Follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge.
Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately.