Landforms 92109


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Landforms 92109

  1. 1. EARTH’S LANDFORMS Grace Persion Period 4 9/21/09
  2. 2. BAY <ul><li>A bay is an area of water mostly surrounded by land. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of bays include Palionisos Bay on Kalymnos Island, Greece & Arginonta Bay in the same city. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A butte is an isolated hill rising abruptly above the surrounding land with a small, relatively flat top. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of buttes include Soda Butte in Yellowstone and Fajada Butte in Choco Canyon. </li></ul>BUTTE
  4. 4. CANYON <ul><li>A canyon is a ravine formed by a river with little rainfall. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of canyons include Bryce Canyon in Utah and Copper Canyon in Mexico. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A cataract is, in this case, a large, powerful waterfall. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of cataracts include Cataract Falls in California, and Cataract Cove in Alaska. </li></ul>CATARACT
  6. 6. CLIFF <ul><li>A cliff is is a vertical (or near vertical) rock exposure. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of cliffs are Suicide Cliff in Saipan, Micronesia, and Northwest Point on Navassa Island. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A delta is low triangular area of alluvial deposits where a river divides before entering a larger body of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of deltas include the Lena River delta, the Mississippi River delta, and the Nile River delta. </li></ul>DELTA
  8. 8. FLOOD PLAIN <ul><li>A flood plain is is flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a stream or river that experiences occasional or periodic flooding. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of flood plains include Lynches River in South Carolina and the Laramie Rivers in Wyoming. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>A glacier is a mass of ice which moves over land. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of glaciers are the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram Mountains in Pakistan, and the Perito Moreno Glacier in Patagonia, Argentina. </li></ul>GLACIER
  10. 10. GULF <ul><li>A gulf is a large bay that is an “arm” of an ocean or sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of gulfs are the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Patras, and the Gulf of Venezuela. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>A harbor is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of harbors include Presque Isle Harbor, Caesarea Harbor, and Saxon Harbor. </li></ul>HARBOR
  12. 12. ISLAND <ul><li>An island is any piece of land that is surrounded by water. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of islands include Great Keppel Island, and Turtle Island. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>A marsh is a type of wetland which is subject to frequent or continuous flood. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of marshes include salt marshes in Georgia and the Spartina salt marshes. </li></ul>MARSH
  14. 14. MESA <ul><li>A mesa is an elevated area of land with a flat top and sides that are usually steep cliffs. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of mesas include Mesa Verde, and Cerro Negro in Argentina. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area usually in the form of a peak. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of mountains include the Rocky Moutains and Mt. Fuji. </li></ul>MOUNTAIN
  16. 16. OASIS <ul><li>An oasis is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of oases include Huacachina in Peru, and Ein Gedi in Israel. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>A plateau is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of plateaus include the Kinder Plateau, and the Thwaites Plateau. </li></ul>PLATEAU
  18. 18. PRAIRIE <ul><li>A prairie is a flat area of land with not much rain, considered a part of temperate grasslands. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of prairies include Grand Prairie, Fair Prairie, and Coastal Prairie. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>A steppe is a grassland plain without trees. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of steppes include the Kazakh steppe, the Mongolian steppe, and steppes in Altai. </li></ul>STEPPE
  20. 20. STRAIT <ul><li>A strait is a narrow, navigable channel of water that connects two bigger bodies of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of straits include the Bosphorus Strait in Istanbul, and the Strait of Gibraltar. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>A swamp is part of a wetland ecosystem, with large areas of land and shallow bodies of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of swamps include freshwater swamps in Florida, and swamps in Belarus. </li></ul>SWAMP
  22. 22. VALLEY <ul><li>A valley is a long depression in the land, between two higher areas which may be hills or mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of valleys include the valley in Glacier National Park, Montana, and a glaciated valley in Mt Hood Wilderness. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s surface or crust, which allows hot magma and ash to escape from below the surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of volcanoes include Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, and the Llaima Volcano. </li></ul>VOLCANO
  24. 24. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Grace Persion Period 4