Tissue <ul><li>There are 4 types of function that has similar structures in human tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epithelia t...
Epithelia tissue <ul><li>Cellularity- composed almost entirely of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Polarity-apical and basal surfac...
Simple epithelia   <ul><li>Single Layer </li></ul><ul><li>There are 4 classifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Squamou...
Simple squamous <ul><li>Single Layer of flattened cells </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion </li><...
<ul><li>They are several layers thick </li></ul><ul><li>They protect bladder and glands </li></ul><ul><li>4 different type...
Simple cuboidal <ul><li>Single Layer of cube-like cells with large, spherical central nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Functions <...
Simple columnar <ul><li>Single layer of tall cells with oval nuclei, and contain many cilia </li></ul><ul><li>Goblet cells...
<ul><li>Single layer of cells with different heights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some don’t reach the free surface </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Quite rare in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Found in some sweat and mammary glands </li></ul><ul><li>Typically 2 cell...
<ul><li>Limited distribution in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharynx, male urethra, and linin...
<ul><li>Several cell layers, basal cells are cuboidal, surface cells are dome shaped </li></ul><ul><li>Stretches to permit...
<ul><li>Thick membrane  </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of underlying arcas subjected to abra...
Connective  tissue <ul><li>Abundant and widely distributed tissue proper </li></ul><ul><li>Types of connective tissue </li...
Connective tissue proper <ul><li>Just one cell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 types of connect...
Connective   tissue bone <ul><li>Hard, calcified matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Osteocytes  can be found in Lacume, and vas cula...
Connective tissue blood <ul><li>Red and white cells in a matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport...
Nervous tissue <ul><li>Branched neurons with long cellular processes and support cells </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></u...
Connective tissue proper: Loose <ul><li>3 types of connective tissue proper: Loose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areolar </li></ul...
Loose Connective tissue proper: Areolar <ul><li>Gel-like matrix with all 3 connective tissue fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap...
Loose Connective tissue proper: Adipose <ul><li>Matrix similar to areolar connective tissue with closely packed adipocytes...
Loose Connective tissue proper: reticular <ul><li>Loose ground substance with reticular fibers </li></ul><ul><li>They form...
Connective tissue proper: Dense <ul><li>2 types of connective tissue proper: Dense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense regular </l...
Connective tissue proper: Dense regular <ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul><ul><li>Found in tendons, ligaments, and aponearoses...
Connective tissue proper: Dense irregular <ul><li>Irregularly arranged collagens fibers with imperceptible network of coll...
Hyaline cartilage <ul><li>Chondrocyte lie in lacunae </li></ul><ul><li>Supports, reinforces, cushions, and resists compres...
Connective tissue cartilage <ul><li>3 types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyaline cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic car...
Elastic cartilage <ul><li>Similar to hyaline cartilage but has more elastic </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain shape structure whi...
Fibrocartilage <ul><li>Matrix similar to hyaline cartilage  </li></ul><ul><li>Provides tensile strength and absorbs compre...
Muscle tissue <ul><li>3 types of muscle tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletal  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></u...
Muscle skeletal tissue <ul><li>Long, cylindrical, multi nucleate cells with obvious striations </li></ul><ul><li>Initiates...
Muscle cardiac tissue <ul><li>Branching, striated, uni nucleate cells interlocking at intercalated discs </li></ul><ul><li...
Muscle smooth tissue <ul><li>Sheets of spindle-shaped cells with central nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the walls of ho...
Credits <ul><li>Pictures by Andrew Green, Nikki Caros, David Na </li></ul><ul><li>Information by David Na </li></ul><ul><l...
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Davidntissue

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Davidntissue

  1. 1. Tissue <ul><li>There are 4 types of function that has similar structures in human tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epithelia tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscular tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nervous tissue </li></ul></ul>Epithelia tissue Muscular tissue Credits
  2. 2. Epithelia tissue <ul><li>Cellularity- composed almost entirely of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Polarity-apical and basal surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Special contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Support by connective tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Epithelia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shapes of cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuboidal or columnar </li></ul></ul>Simple epithelia Stratified epithelia Tissue
  3. 3. Simple epithelia <ul><li>Single Layer </li></ul><ul><li>There are 4 classifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Squamous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Cuboidal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Columnar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psuedostratified Columnar </li></ul></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Simple squamous Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar Psuedostratified columnar
  4. 4. Simple squamous <ul><li>Single Layer of flattened cells </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filtration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide a slick </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present in the kidney glomeruli, lining heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and serosae </li></ul></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Simple epithelia Simple cuboidal Simple columnar Psuedostratified columnar
  5. 5. <ul><li>They are several layers thick </li></ul><ul><li>They protect bladder and glands </li></ul><ul><li>4 different types of stratified epithelia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified cuboidal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stratified Columnar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transitional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squamous </li></ul></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Stratified cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional Stratified squamous
  6. 6. Simple cuboidal <ul><li>Single Layer of cube-like cells with large, spherical central nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aborption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney tubules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ducts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary portions </li></ul></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Simple epithelia Simple squamous Simple columnar Psuedostratified columnar
  7. 7. Simple columnar <ul><li>Single layer of tall cells with oval nuclei, and contain many cilia </li></ul><ul><li>Goblet cells are often find in this layer </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absorption, and Secretion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cilia help move substances through internal passageways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ciliated type line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small Bronchi, Uterine tubes, and some regions of the uterus </li></ul></ul></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Simple epithelia Simple squamous Simple cuboidal Psuedostratified columnar
  8. 8. <ul><li>Single layer of cells with different heights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some don’t reach the free surface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nuclei are seen at different layers </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretion, and propulsion of mucus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present in the male sperm- carrying ducts (non-ciliated), and trachea (ciliated). </li></ul>Epithelia tissue Simple epithelia Simple squamous Simple columnar Simple cuboidal Tissue
  9. 9. <ul><li>Quite rare in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Found in some sweat and mammary glands </li></ul><ul><li>Typically 2 cell layers thick </li></ul>Stratified squamous Tissue Epithelia tissue Stratified Epithelia Stratified Columnar Transitional
  10. 10. <ul><li>Limited distribution in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharynx, male urethra, and lining some glandular ducts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occurs at transition areas between 2 other types of epithelia. </li></ul></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Stratified Epithelia Stratified Cuboidal Transitional Stratified squamous
  11. 11. <ul><li>Several cell layers, basal cells are cuboidal, surface cells are dome shaped </li></ul><ul><li>Stretches to permit the distension of the urinary bladder </li></ul><ul><li>Lines the urinary bladder, ureters, and part of the urethra. </li></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Stratified Epithelia Stratified Cuboidal Stratified columnar Stratified squamous
  12. 12. <ul><li>Thick membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of underlying arcas subjected to abrasion </li></ul></ul>Tissue Epithelia tissue Stratified Epithelia Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional
  13. 13. Connective tissue <ul><li>Abundant and widely distributed tissue proper </li></ul><ul><li>Types of connective tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective tissue proper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective tissue cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective tissue Bone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connective tissue Blood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Binding and support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Types of cells of connective tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chondroblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Osteoblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hematopoietic stem cells </li></ul></ul>Tissue Connective tissue proper Connective tissue cartilage Connective tissue bone Connective tissue blood
  14. 14. Connective tissue proper <ul><li>Just one cell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 types of connective tissue proper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense </li></ul></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper: Loose Connective tissue proper: Dense
  15. 15. Connective tissue bone <ul><li>Hard, calcified matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Osteocytes can be found in Lacume, and vas cularized </li></ul><ul><li>Stores calcium, minerals and fats </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue
  16. 16. Connective tissue blood <ul><li>Red and white cells in a matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport of respiratory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrients </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wastes </li></ul></ul></ul>Tissue Connective tissue
  17. 17. Nervous tissue <ul><li>Branched neurons with long cellular processes and support cells </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinal cord </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peripheral nerves </li></ul></ul>Tissue Connective tissue
  18. 18. Connective tissue proper: Loose <ul><li>3 types of connective tissue proper: Loose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areolar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adipose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reticular </li></ul></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Loose Connective tissue proper: reticular Loose Connective tissue proper: Adipose Loose Connective tissue proper: Areolor
  19. 19. Loose Connective tissue proper: Areolar <ul><li>Gel-like matrix with all 3 connective tissue fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Wraps and eushions organs </li></ul><ul><li>Widely distributed throughout the body </li></ul><ul><li>There are fibroblasts, maerophages, mast cells, and some white blood cells </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Loose Connective tissue proper: reticular Loose Connective tissue proper: Adipose
  20. 20. Loose Connective tissue proper: Adipose <ul><li>Matrix similar to areolar connective tissue with closely packed adipocytes </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved food stores </li></ul><ul><li>Local fat deposits serve nutrients needs of highly active organs </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Loose Connective tissue proper: reticular Loose Connective tissue proper: Areolor
  21. 21. Loose Connective tissue proper: reticular <ul><li>Loose ground substance with reticular fibers </li></ul><ul><li>They form a soft internal skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>They found in lymph nodes, and the spleen </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Loose Connective tissue proper: Areolar Loose Connective tissue proper: Adipose
  22. 22. Connective tissue proper: Dense <ul><li>2 types of connective tissue proper: Dense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense regular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense irregular </li></ul></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Dense Regular Dense irregular
  23. 23. Connective tissue proper: Dense regular <ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul><ul><li>Found in tendons, ligaments, and aponearoses </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel collagen fibers with a few elastic fibers </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Dense irregular Dense elastic
  24. 24. Connective tissue proper: Dense irregular <ul><li>Irregularly arranged collagens fibers with imperceptible network of collagen fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Forms the costal cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>In embryonic skeleton, the end of long bones, nose, trachea, and larynx </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Dense elastic Dense regular
  25. 25. Hyaline cartilage <ul><li>Chondrocyte lie in lacunae </li></ul><ul><li>Supports, reinforces, cushions, and resists compression </li></ul><ul><li>Forms the costal cartilage </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Elastic cartilage Fibrocartilage
  26. 26. Connective tissue cartilage <ul><li>3 types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyaline cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibro cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ground substance </li></ul><ul><li>Chondrocyte </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Hyaline cartilage Elastic cartilage Fibrocartilage
  27. 27. Elastic cartilage <ul><li>Similar to hyaline cartilage but has more elastic </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain shape structure while allowing flexibility </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Hyaline cartilage Fibrocartilage
  28. 28. Fibrocartilage <ul><li>Matrix similar to hyaline cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>Provides tensile strength and absorbs compression shock </li></ul>Tissue Connective tissue Connective tissue proper Hyaline cartilage Elastic cartilage
  29. 29. Muscle tissue <ul><li>3 types of muscle tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common in body </li></ul><ul><li>Has contractions </li></ul>Tissue Skeletal Cardiac Smooth
  30. 30. Muscle skeletal tissue <ul><li>Long, cylindrical, multi nucleate cells with obvious striations </li></ul><ul><li>Initiates and controls voluntary movement </li></ul>Tissue Cardiac Smooth Muscle tissue
  31. 31. Muscle cardiac tissue <ul><li>Branching, striated, uni nucleate cells interlocking at intercalated discs </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the walls of the heart </li></ul>Tissue Muscle tissue Skeletal Smooth
  32. 32. Muscle smooth tissue <ul><li>Sheets of spindle-shaped cells with central nuclei </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the walls of hollow organs </li></ul>Tissue Muscle tissue Skeletal Cardiac
  33. 33. Credits <ul><li>Pictures by Andrew Green, Nikki Caros, David Na </li></ul><ul><li>Information by David Na </li></ul><ul><li>By David Na </li></ul>
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