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Cerebral Palsy  BY: Cameron Zachary Anatomy, G4
Condition  <ul><li>Cerebral palsy by definition is a group of problems that affects body movement and posture. It is relat...
Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Even when the condition is present at birth, the signs of cerebral palsy (CP) may not be notice...
More symptoms of CP <ul><li>Delayed development of motor skills, such as reaching, sitting, rolling, crawling, and walking...
Causes of CP <ul><li>Some causes of CP is during pregnancy or birth. CP can affect how a fetus grows or deprive a fetus or...
How to test for CP <ul><li>MRI of the head shows you structural or congenital abnormalities . </li></ul><ul><li>CT scan of...
Who’s Affected? <ul><li>The people most affected by CP are infants in the womb or children that age from one to two years ...
Different types of CP <ul><li>Spastic Cerebral palsy- Spastic cerebral palsy results is a condition in which a person has ...
More types of CP <ul><li>Athethoid-Damage to these areas may cause a child to develop involuntary, purposeless movements, ...
Treatment for CP <ul><li>CP cannot be cured. But there are treatments that can help people with CP to maximize their abili...
Pictures of what CP does
Sources of information <ul><li>http://www.webmd.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures-  http://goldbamboo.com/pictures-t1160.htm...
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Cerebral Palsy

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Transcript of "Cerebral Palsy"

  1. 1. Cerebral Palsy BY: Cameron Zachary Anatomy, G4
  2. 2. Condition <ul><li>Cerebral palsy by definition is a group of problems that affects body movement and posture. It is related to a brain injury or to problems with brain growth. </li></ul><ul><li>It causes reflex movements that a person can't control and muscle tightness that may affect parts or all of the body. These problems can range from mild to severe. Mental retardation, seizures, and vision and hearing problems can occur in people with cerebral palsy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Even when the condition is present at birth, the signs of cerebral palsy (CP) may not be noticed until a child is between 1 and 3 years old. This is due to the way children develop and mature. </li></ul><ul><li>Some signs of CP are Problems sucking and swallowing, a weak or abnormal cry, and Unusual positions. </li></ul><ul><li>Often the body is either very relaxed and floppy or very stiff. When held, babies may arch their backs and extend their arms and legs. These postures are different from and more extreme than those that sometimes occur in babies with colic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. More symptoms of CP <ul><li>Delayed development of motor skills, such as reaching, sitting, rolling, crawling, and walking, </li></ul><ul><li>Speech problems </li></ul><ul><li>Visual problems </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing problems </li></ul><ul><li>Peg teeth </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of CP <ul><li>Some causes of CP is during pregnancy or birth. CP can affect how a fetus grows or deprive a fetus or newborn of needed blood, oxygen, or nutrients. </li></ul><ul><li>Health problems in a newborn like untreated low blood sugar, can also cause brain damage that leads to CP. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to test for CP <ul><li>MRI of the head shows you structural or congenital abnormalities . </li></ul><ul><li>CT scan of the head shows you structural or congenital abnormalities . </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing screen (to determine auditory status) </li></ul><ul><li>Visual testing (to determine visual status) </li></ul><ul><li>EEG- is a test that measures and records the electrical activity of your brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood tests to exclude metabolic or hereditary conditions . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Who’s Affected? <ul><li>The people most affected by CP are infants in the womb or children that age from one to two years old. </li></ul><ul><li>It can happen to older kids that develop late. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Different types of CP <ul><li>Spastic Cerebral palsy- Spastic cerebral palsy results is a condition in which a person has muscle tightness and problems with moving the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Spastic Diplegia- a form of cerebral palsy that is a neuromuscular condition causing hypertonic and spasticity in the muscles of the lower extremities of the human body </li></ul><ul><li>Ataxic-is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by complete irregularity of breathing </li></ul>
  9. 9. More types of CP <ul><li>Athethoid-Damage to these areas may cause a child to develop involuntary, purposeless movements, especially in the face, arms, and trunk. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemiplegia- Is a condition where there is paralysis of one half of a patient's body. </li></ul><ul><li>Quadriplegia- Is a symptom in which a paralysis affects all four limbs of the body. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment for CP <ul><li>CP cannot be cured. But there are treatments that can help people with CP to maximize their abilities and physical strength, prevent complications, and improve their quality of life. The brain injury or problem that causes CP does not get worse over time. </li></ul><ul><li>The most methods a person does to help with cp are physical therapy, inject able antispasmodics, anticonvulsant which is for seizers. </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery for CP are orthopedic surgery which is a surgery that loosens your joints </li></ul><ul><li>Another surgery is selective posterior rhizotomy which after the surgery helps you relieve muscle tightness. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pictures of what CP does
  12. 12. Sources of information <ul><li>http://www.webmd.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures- http://goldbamboo.com/pictures-t1160.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://medicalinfromation.net/?rid=578770 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.healthprofessor.com/landers/cerebral_palsy.php?keywords=cerebral+palsy&referrer=Yahoo&camp=HealthProfessor-CerebralPalsy&group=cerebral+palsy&keyword=spastic+diplegia+cerebral+palsy </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wikipedia.org/ </li></ul>
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