Next to Jordan there are many different bodies of water such as: the Red Sea, the Dead Sea, Gulf of Aqaba, and Lake Tiberias.
Jordan is mostly desert in the East and highland in the West.
The Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River
32 N 30 N 34 E 36 E 38 E Topography of Jordan http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Jordan
Climate of Jordan
Jordan’s typical weather is dry, hot, during the summer and cool winters where all the rain occurs.
During November-April there is a rainy season in Jordan which is when the plants in Jordan sprout.
In the East where the desert lies there is less then 120mm rain a year. In the West there is 500mm or more rain each year.
Desert of Jordan http://www.saharamet.com/desert/photos/desert2.jpg
Environment of Jordan
Jordan has many native animals such as the Arabian Oryx, Arabian gazelle, roe deer, Nubian ibex, and other endangered species.
Jordan has many plants such as Sawson Oran (national flower), Colocynth, Chamomile, Deserts plants (shrubs), Tamarix, and etc.
Herd of Oryx in the desert. http://www.wildlifesafari.info/images/oryx_gemsbok_herd_ng.jpg
Sawson Oran (black iris) Jordan’s National Flower http://www.rootsandmedicine.com/jordan/plants.html
History of Jordan King Abdullah I Independence of Jordan 1 st War With Israel Death of King Abdullah I 2 nd War with Israel Peace with Israel Bombing in Amman Tourist Attack 1921 May, 22, 1946 1948 1951 June 1967 Oct 26, 1994 Nov 9, 2005 Sept 4, 2006 The British gave King Abdullah I control of Transjordan but he wasn’t granted ful control he was under British supervision. United Kingdom requested to UN to end the British control over Trans Jordan. After approval King Abdullah became the first ruler of Jordan. Jordan gained territory after the war . They gained control over West Bank but as a consequence the refugees were placed in the West Bank and now make up most of Jordan’s Population. Palestinian Arab assassinated King Abdullah I in Mosque of Omar. Jordan fought against Israel along with Syria, Egypt and Iraq. Due to this war they lost control over the West Bank and East Jerusalem to Israel. Due to the war the Palestinian population increased. Jordan negotiated an end to hostages in Israel and signed in July 25, 1944. And the Israel-Jordan peace treaty started in October 26, 1944. Until now Jordan kept peace with all it’s neighbors. In November 9, 2005 Jordan got 3 bombing at hotels in Amman. 57 died and 115 were wounded. Group called Al-Qaeda lead by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in Iraq was responsible. 38 year old man took a pistol in the capital of Amman and shot Western Tourists. One British man was killed and 5 other tourists were wounded, including a Jordanian tourist guard.
Customs and Traditions
Jordan’s national dish is called Manasf and it is lamb served on a bed of rice, pine nuts, in a tangy yogurt sauce.
Jordan has many other foods like hummus, kebabs, farooj and many other Arabian dishes.
Jordan like other Arabian countries the women and men wear the traditional clothes called: Thobe and abb‘aya.
Like many other countries Jordan has many laws based on Islam such as the abb’aya, no smoking, no alcohol and etc.
King Hussein, who ruled from 1952-1999, has changed Jordan into monarchy and solved many problems which occurred with the Palestinians and Jordanians. Jordanians and other countries in the region consider King Hussein one of the best rulers in the region.
King Hussein http://www.safran-arts.com/art/mid-King-Hussein-of-Jordan.jpg
Government of Jordan
After King Hussein passed away in February 1999 his son King Abdullah II took the throne.
King Abdullah II signed a peace treaty with Israel. And focused on rebuilding the economy that has been damaged from wars and from the past. He is still the ruler of Jordan.
King Abdullah II http://www.hyperstealth.com/2066I.jpg
Economy of Jordan
In Jordan only 10% of their land is fertile. Jordan has water shortage which limits crops.
Jordan depends mainly on phosphates, potash, fertilizers, and tourism.
Jordan depends largely on their oil reserves for their energy needs.
Jordan’s GDP per capita is $4,700.
Jordan has suffered from rising amounts of unemployment and from the 1990-91 Gulf War.
Tourism in Jordan
In Jordan there are many tourist attractions such as: the desert castles called Qasr al-Hallabat, Azraq Oasis, Qasr al-Harraneh and many others.
There is a mosque that was dedicated to King Hussein. It was built in 1924 and located in the heart of Amman.
Exterior of Qasr al-Harraneh http://www.kinghussein.gov.jo/tourism5.html#East%20of%20Amman:%20The%20Desert%20Castle%20Loop King Hussein Mosque http://www.kinghussein.gov.jo/tourism1.html#Amman
Physical: The location of Jordan affects global awareness because Jordan depends on oil and if they had different geography/location they wouldn’t be able to sell oil to the world. This is extremely important because oil is the world’s most needed/wanted source of energy.
Economic: The economy of Jordan has influenced the world by supplying many of the world’s needs such as potash which is used to produce glass, soap and fertilizers. This is very important because these items are basic necessities and frequently used.
Political: The government has affected the world because King Hussein has resolved many problems which occurred between Palestinians and Jordanians. This is very important because the Palestinians and Jordanians had conflicts that could have damaged most of middle east.
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