Global pd 4 SEA


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  • Great job! The only problem with the slides in the absence of the bibliography slide. You will need to add that page to receive full credit.
    Ms Regnier

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Global pd 4 SEA

  1. 1. Southeastern Asia LA. A. M., I. V., K. K., N.R. pd 4
  2. 2. Geography of Southeast Asia <ul><li>Southeast Asia is between the Indian and Pacific, stretching from Asia to Australia . </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of a mainland peninsula, and a few larger islands like Sumatra, Borneo, and Java. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate in Southeast Asia is warm and humid, with long annual rains. </li></ul><ul><li>Seas and waterways separates the islands, and five rivers divide up the mainland; mountains made travel and communication hard, these factors never allowed Southeast Asia to be politically or culturally united </li></ul><ul><li>Since Southeast Asia is generally surrounded with water their political power came from controlling trade routes and harbors. </li></ul>I. V. pd 4
  3. 3. Trading Island Kingdoms <ul><li>SAILENDRA: </li></ul><ul><li>This dynasty ruled the island of java </li></ul><ul><li>The Buddhist temple of Borobudur, which was built around 800 a.d. </li></ul><ul><li>Had nine terraced levels in the style of a step pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually fell under the rule of the island empire of Srivijaya </li></ul><ul><li>SRIVIJAYA: </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled the strait of Malacca and waters around Sumatra, Borneo and Java </li></ul><ul><li>Grew wealthy by taxing passing traders </li></ul>N. R. pd 4
  4. 4. Khmer Empire <ul><li>The Khmer Empire is a kindgdom of Southeast Asia which is now identified as Cambodia. </li></ul><ul><li>It thrived around the year 1200 as it expanded into neighboring countries. </li></ul><ul><li>The Khmers constructed waterways, irrigation systems, intricate sculptures, and temples: the Angkor Wat, a temple complex, is known as one of their greatest achievements </li></ul><ul><li>The empire's capital, Angkor, was established around the year 890 by King Yasovarman; the Angkor period was known as the civilization's golden age. </li></ul><ul><li>An early kingdom of Khmer, known as Funan, ruled the sea trading between China and India. </li></ul>A. M. pd 4
  5. 5. Influence of China and India <ul><li>Merchant boats hailing from India lead to missionaries spreading Hinduism and Buddhism in Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon after faiths were dispersed, political innovations from India and China began to influence the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Southeastern people absorbed a new language as cultures mingled, and soon poets were composing epics in the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese ideas migrated to Southeast Asia as much as Indian ones did. However, the Chinese took advantage of their hosts by forcing them to pay tributes. </li></ul>A. M. pd 4
  6. 6. Vietnam <ul><li>The Vietnamese were influenced by India but fell under Chinese control around 100 B.C. during the reign of the Han Dynasty, and remained in control of Vietnam for 1,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese Tang Dynasty’s power grew weaker in the 900s, and Vietnam gained independence in 939. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese influenced come of Vietnamese culture, like Buddhism, however -Vietnam kept a strong sense of cultural independence. For example, they gave women more freedom than the Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ly Dynasty (1009-1225) made their capital at Hanoi, and expanded by conquering land. </li></ul>I. V. pd 4
  7. 7. Geography of Korea <ul><li>The Korean peninsula consists of 222,154 square kilometers of territory: it is almost the size of Romania or the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Korea lies adjacent to China and Japan, being similar to Japan in that only a small section of the country is fertile enough to grow crops. </li></ul><ul><li>At first the country created a somewhat isolated region for itself because of the massive landforms (such as mountains and seas) in the surrounding area. In this way it is somewhat reminiscent of China's early development. </li></ul><ul><li>Korea encompasses a number of islands, many located near the Yellow Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>It's climate varies from a humid, raining period in the Summer to a much colder Winter at which point there may be snowfall. </li></ul>A. M. pd 4
  8. 8. Early History <ul><li>KOREA: </li></ul><ul><li>Like in early Japan, different clans controlled different areas of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Most of Korea was conquered by the Han by 108 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Took writing, centralized government, Confucianism and Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Federations developed into 3 rival kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>During the mid 600’s, the Silla federation defeated the other 2 and chased the Chinese away </li></ul><ul><li>Silla gains control of all of the Korean peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Silla had Buddhist monasteries and made great sculptures </li></ul>N. R. pd 4
  9. 9. The Koryu Dynasty 935-1392 <ul><li>Rebel officer Wang Kon gained control in 935 and became King. </li></ul><ul><li>Modeled government after the Chinese centralized government, and established a Confucian civil service examination system and university to train male scholars like the Chinese did. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil service examination system failed, even though there was a test, the sons of scholars still got the best positions. </li></ul><ul><li>Koryu society had a big gap between the aristocrats and the other less wealthy people. </li></ul>K. K. pd 4
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Nobles built their land into estates, which left little land for others. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1231, the Mongols attacked Korea, and demanded tribute, which consisted of 20,000 horses, clothing for 1 million soldiers, and children and artisans for slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>The oppression from the Mongols ended in the 1350s, when the Mongol empire collapsed. </li></ul><ul><li>The heavy taxes and oppression from the wealthy landlords start revolts </li></ul><ul><li>In 1392, scholar-officials and military leaders overthrew the Koryu Dynasty, established land reforms, and started a new dynasty called the Choson or Yi Dynasty. </li></ul>K. K. pd 4
  11. 11. Koryu Culture <ul><li>During this time, they had many great achievements, one of them is their celadon pottery, which was famous for its’ milky green glaze, and inspired by Song porcelain artists. </li></ul><ul><li>Writers and scholars wrote poetry, and also wrote the first national history of Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Korean artists carved out thousands of wooden blocks to print out the entire canon of Buddhist scriptures, which was destroyed by the Mongols, but encouraged them to rebuild them. Now, more than 81,000 wooden blocks are in Korea today. </li></ul>K. K. pd 4