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Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
Homosexual Rights
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Homosexual Rights

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  • 1. Homosexual rights in comtemporary Asia and European countries Chan Yu (GIS) Ho Wing Sze (European studies)
  • 2. Homosexual rights in comtemporary Asia and European countries
    • Reasons of different attitude/acceptance between Asia and Europe
    • Comparison of homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • Situation of homosexual rights in Hong Kong
  • 3. The 2007 Pew Global Attitudes Project: “Should homosexuality be accepted by society?” 9% 82% Spain 23% 65% Italy 17% 81% Germany 17% 83% France 21% 71% Britain No Yes Country Europe 77% 18% South Korea 83% 8% Malaysia 28% 49% Japan 81% 10% India 69% 17% China No Yes Country Asia
  • 4. Why homosexuals are viewed so differently in Asia and Europe?
    • Conservatism
    • People consider homosexuals as a threat to valued traditions and institutions
    • Religion
    • Dominant religions like Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, whose teachings regarding homosexuality are less clear then western religions
    • discourage passionate homosexual expression and discussion (kind of suppression)
  • 5. Why homosexuals are viewed so differently in Asia and Europe?
    • Social misunderstanding
    • Homosexuals are blamed for plagues, disasters, sexual diseases transfer, e.g. Aids
    • Homosexuals are associated with child abuse, pedophilia ( 戀童狂 )
    • Sexual orientation considered as mental disorder or illness
    • No political supports and protection
    • No concrete law against discrimination
    • No equal rights e.g. marriage
  • 6. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 1. Legality of homosexual acts
    • In Asia:
    • is legal in most East & Southeast Asian countries (e.g. China, Japan, Vietnam, Cambodia)
    • but not in any Islamic Middle East countries (e.g. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates )
    • In Europe:
    • is legal in ALL European countries
  • 7. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 2. Recognition of relationships (civil unions/ Partnership)
    • In Asia:
    • no supporting legislations in recognizing homosexual relationships in any countries
    • In Europe:
    • is recognized in many countries (e.g. Switzerland, Belgium, Portugal)
    • but not in most former Communist countries (e.g. Romania, Poland, Ukraine)
  • 8. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 3. Same-sex marriage
    • In Asia:
    • no supporting legislations in recognizing same-sex marriage in any countries
    • In Europe:
    • currently only 5 countries legalized same-sex marriage, which are the Netherlands since 2001, Belgium since 2003, Spain since 2005, Norway & Sweden since 2009
  • 9. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 4. Same-sex Adoption
    • In Asia:
    • is legalized only in Cambodia and Philippines
    • In Europe:
    • is legalized for homosexual couples in a number of Northern and Western countries (e.g. Denmark, Iceland, the United Kingdom)
    • some countries also allow single gay persons to adopt kids (e.g. France, Germany, Ireland)
    • but not in most former Communist countries (e.g. Slovakia, Russia, Albania)
  • 10. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 5. Acceptance of homosexual to serve the military
    • In Asia:
    • is legalized only in Nepal, Thailand, Japan and the Philippines
    • In Europe:
    • is banned only in Turkey, Greece, Serbia and Belarus
  • 11. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 6. Anti-discrimination for homosexuality
    • In Asia:
    • currently only 4 countries and territories legally ban anti-gay discrimination, which are the Philippines, Nepal, Japan (in some cities) and the Republic of China (in work and education)
    • In Europe:
    • is legally banned in most countries
    • but not in former Communist countries (e.g. Moldova, Russia, Ukraine)
  • 12. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 7. Laws concerning gender identity or expression
    • In Asia:
    • in Nepal , the “third gender” cards have been issued since September 2007, in which their status is legally protected
    • in Japan , transsexuals are allowed to change legal gender
    • in North Korea , however, gender roles for both male and female are still heavily obeyed
  • 13. Comparing homosexual rights in contemporary Asia and European countries
    • 7. Laws concerning gender identity or expression
    • In Europe:
    • in Spain , the Gender Identity Law was enacted in 2007, allowing transsexuals to change their name and gender on official documents without needing to undergo surgery first
    • in the United Kingdom , the Gender Recognition Act was enacted in 2004, allowing transsexual people to change their legal gender and affording them full recognition of their acquired sex in law for all purposed, including marriage
  • 14. Homosexual right in Hong Kong
    • Hong Kong Rainbow
    • First social services centre for homosexual established 2007
    • Promotes equal opportunities, sex education, offers consultation services, peer support for homosexual
    South China Morning Post, 2007
  • 15. Local associations concerning homosexuality and Aids
  • 16. Homosexual right in Hong Kong
    • Did Hong Kong reach international level to accept homosexuality to society ?
    • Difficulties of Homosexuals
    • Unequal right
    • Can’t gain equal rights as the opposite sex couples:
    • X apply for public housing as couple, joint tax declaration
    • X be beneficiary of MPF, inherit legacy
    • X sign for surgery when their partner is unconscious
  • 17. Homosexual right in Hong Kong
    • No back up support or organisation
    • One third of homosexual interviewees had suffered domestic violence by their same sex partner
    • 16% had been abused when compared 9% among opposite sex partner
    • Domestic Violence (Amendment) Ordinance 2008 doesn’t protect homosexuals
    • No specific local organisation for homosexuals dealing with domestic violence
    Sing Tao Daily, 15-2-2007
  • 18. Homosexual right in Hong Kong
    • Separated by society
    • Hong Kong Public Library blocked websites of sex associations and topics related to Aids, sex education (Ming Pao,2008)
    • Hong Kong City University blocked all websites and forums related to homosexuality and sex (Apple Daily, The Sun, Oriental Daily, 19-4-2009)
    • Broadcasting Authority commented the content of a RTHK programme related to homosexual as “unfair, incomplete, and pro-homosexual”, and “inappropriate to be broadcasted at that period” ( 信報 , 2007)
  • 19. Opinion
    • Equal rights for homosexuals is still a long way to run, even in Hong Kong
    • Final goal can be fulfilled only through understanding, open discussion and compromise

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