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HKBU Contemporary Europe And Asia, POLS 3620--Comparison Of Etiquette.Ppt

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A comparison of Chinese Confucianism and British class system through dining etiquette.

A comparison of Chinese Confucianism and British class system through dining etiquette.

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  • 1. Comparison of Etiquette Chinese Confucian Hierarchy and English Class System WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972) MOK Kai Chak, Alan (0802 4618) POLS 3620 Contemporary Europe and Asia
  • 2. Introduction
    • Our definitions:
      • Etiquette: the set of rules or customs which control accepted behaviour in particular social groups or social situations
      • Hierarchy: a system in which people or things are arranged according to their importance
      • Class: a group of people within society who have the same economic and social position
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 3. Introduction (contd)
    • Overview
    • Most societies advocate equal opportunities for the people
    • Yet social legacies, like etiquette and hierarchy, still exist and put people into groups
    • Thus people are not treated equally
    • Aim
    • To discuss how people from China and Britain are categorised
    • Examples:
      • Chinese Banquets
      • English Banquets
    • Underlying system:
      • Chinese Confucian Hierarchy
      • English Class System
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 4. Chinese Etiquette 1 = Main Guest 6 = Host WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618) Entrance 1 1 2 2 3 3 5 5 4 4 6 6 Main Table
  • 5. Chinese Etiquette
    • Seating:
    • Main Table :
    • Main Guest: Faces the Main Entrance (1)
    • Host: Back-to-back Door (6)
    • Other Guests: Based on Importance
    • Other Tables: Closer = Closer Relations
    •  Hierarchy
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 6. Chinese Etiquette
    • Role of Female
    • Appellation
    • Subordinate of Male in Open
    • Different Role in Domestic
    •  Patriarchy , Male-Dominant
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 7. Chinese Etiquette
    • Traditional Chinese Confucian Hierarchy
    • Elderly are Superior
    • Younger:
    • Obey, Respect
    • Male are Superior
    • Female:
    • Stay Domestically
    • Subordinate as Lifelong
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 8. Chinese shows Traditional Confucian Hierarchy in Daily-Life But the English is another story… WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 9. English Banquets
    • The Class-Conscious English
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618) Upper Class Middle Class Worker/Lower Class 16 th Century Aristocrats Governors, Deputies Laborers Nowadays (not officially recognised) The Royal Family Doctors, Accountants Workers
  • 10. English Banquets
    • On the Dining Table: Indicators of social class
    • Language:
    • Class-revealing words:
    • “ Pardon” is ruder than Swearing?
    • “ Toilet” or “Loo”? “Serviette” or “Napkin”?
    • Dress code:
    • Don’t dress up!
    • the Lower Class is marked by:
      • Excessive Jewels and Make-up
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 11. WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 12. How the British distinguish a girl’s social class by her outfit? WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 13. Upper-Middle Upper Class WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 14.
    • Napkin:
    • Ways of Folding
    • Simplicity Wins
    • Napkin ring:
    • Over-fussy
    • Genteel
    • Only for those who Intend to Live Like the Upper Class
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 15.
    • Fancy napkins:
    • While eating,
      • The upper and middle class put them on their laps
      • the lower class tucks them in their collars
    • a trait of the Middle Class’ wish to appear extravagant
    • The upper class fold them simply in triangles
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 16. English Banquets
    • Table Manners
    • Pattern of eating:
    • Upper Class:
    • Small portions at a time
    • Pause between swallowing
    • Lower Class
    • Eat large amount of food quickly, without pauses
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 17. English Banquets
    • Different ways of holding cutlery:
    • Upper Class
      • Cut food in between bites
      • Handle of knife goes under palm
      • Prongs of fork point downward
    • Lower Class
      • Cut everything all at once, then put down the knife
      • Then eat with the fork in their right hands
      • *according to “Debrett’s Etiquette”
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 18. English Banquets
    • Deciding Factors of social class :
    • Mainly but not only money and occupation
    • Other important factors:
    • Family background
    • Tastes:
    • On Food and Clothes
    • Behaviours:
    • Table Manner
    • Speech:
    • Accent and choice of words
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)
  • 19. Comparison WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618) Chinese hierarchy English class system Similarity Have their own sets of rules and customs which decide what behaviour is accepted socially Differences Judged by factors like age, gender, life experience, and guanxi Judged by factors like family background, manner, speech and tastes
  • 20. Conclusion
    • The presence of the Chinese hierarchy and the English
    • class system are not officially recognised anymore, but their core philosophy still exist in the people’s mentality
    • We can see that from:
      • Social Etiquette
    • Examples:
      • Chinese: Confucian Hierarchy Tradition
      • English: Social Class System
    • Although British and Chinese have different customs, people from both places put others or themselves into different groups, which are barriers of achieving equality. -end-
    WONG Wing Sim, San (0601 5972)MOK Kai Chak, Alan(0802 4618)

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