Azerbaijan is considered one of the ancient places of the world
Most ancient archeological and paleontological materials recently found in the territory of Azerbaijan prove that first primitive men settled here 1.7-1.8 million years ago.
Discovery 1968 year of jaw bone of Azikhantrop who lived here 300-400 thousand years ago in a cave of Azikh located near Fuzuli city, which is under occupation of Armenia, also is one of the proofs demonstrating that this country was a settlement of primitive men
Based on this discovery, Azerbaijan was included to the “The oldest inhabitants of the Europe map.
Since an ancient period of time its name was Odlar Yurdu (Fire Lands).
People who lived here very long time ago were fire worshippers
There are eternal hearths remaining from ancient time
People are still surprised when they see “burning soil” in Yanardag
Fascinating from History… Shah Ismail Khatai, the thinker poet and distinguished statesman of Azerbaijan founded Safavi Empire in the 16th century
During Safavi’s period of time Azerbaijan was a great and powerful State.
As a result of the war between Iran and Russia, the Turkmanchay Agreement was signed between these two Nations in 1828
Azerbaijan was divided into two parts.
The Southern Azerbaijan part was attached to Iran,
The collapse of USSR in late 1991 was followed by the change in the geopolitical situation on post-Soviet area. Armenian with Russian Army support in fact open unfair war against Azerbaijan. Armenian military troops, violating the borders of Azerbaijan, entered Karabakh and conjointly with Armenian separatists of Upper Karabakh occupied Azeri lands
Naftalan is a rare type of oil that is used only for medicinal purposes. Azerbaijani doctors have prescribed it for years to successfully treat various skin, joint and bone diseases such as psoriasis, arthritis and rheumatism
Naftalan is extracted from only one place in Azerbaijan - in the north - central part of the country. The town takes its name from the oil, "Naftalan", which comes from the Azeri for "neft alan" (oil buyer)
Naftalan is different from other types of oil in that its purified form has a high concentration of naphthene hydrocarbons, about 55 percent. Other kinds of oil have a much lower concentration, about three to five percent
Naftalan - The Miracle Oil Azerbaijan's Therapeutic Oil
Azerbaijan prides itself with having created the first opera of the Middle East - " Leyli and Majnun " (1908) by Uzeyir Hajibeyov (1885-1948) , which is based on the poetry of Nizami (1141-1209)
The Azerbaijan State Theater of Opera and Ballet was built in 1910
1908 Leyli and Majnun 1910 Husband & Wife* 1911 Mashadi Ibad* 1913 Arshin Mal Alan * 1915 Ashug Garib 1919 Shah Ismayil 1935 Nargiz 1937 Koroglu 1945 Vatan (Motherland) 1953 Sevil 1957 Azad 1960 Vagif 1972 Bridal Rock Major Operas by Azerbaijani Composers: Uzeyir Hajibeyov,Gara Garayev, Fikrat Amirov & others
on 26 February of 1992 the Armenian armed forces attacked the Khojaly town of the Republic of Azerbaijan. As a result of aggression Khojaly was razed to the ground; 613 men were killed, 56 men reduced to ashes alive, 112 men were missing, thousands of persons were kidnapped, 6 families were completely annihilated