Human Rights Project!


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Human Rights Project!

  1. 1. Human Rights Project! Housing Discrimination in the United States By: Sarah Wiczek & Dana Melink
  2. 2. Article 25 in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: <ul><li>Article 25. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who is being discriminated? <ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic background or nationality </li></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Family status (kids, married, exc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Mental or physical disability </li></ul>
  4. 4. Statistics(2002) <ul><li>25,246 complaints </li></ul><ul><li>30% race </li></ul><ul><li>27% disability </li></ul><ul><li>15% family status </li></ul><ul><li>12% nationality </li></ul><ul><li>HUD estimates 2 million cases actually happen every year </li></ul>
  5. 5. What Does This Mean For Fair Housing? <ul><li>Everyone is entitled to adequate housing regardless of age, economic status, group or other affliction or status, and enjoyment of this right </li></ul><ul><li>People can’t be denied shelter </li></ul>
  6. 6. What do we mean by “adequacy”? <ul><li>The following are factors regarding housing: </li></ul><ul><li>Legal security of tenure- security against forced eviction, harassment, or other threats. </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of services, materials, facilities and infrastructure- housing must have safe drinking water, energy for cooking, heating and lighting, sanitation and washing facilities-including food storage and garbage disposal </li></ul>
  7. 7. What do we mean by “adequacy”?...continued <ul><li>Habitability- Adequate space, physical security, shelter from weather, and protection from health threats </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility- Accessible to all, including disadvantaged groups of society </li></ul><ul><li>Location- Has access to work opportunities, health care, schools, child care, and other social facilities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What do we mean by “adequacy”?...continued <ul><li>Affordability- cost of house shouldn’t threaten other basic needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Adequacy- housing can illustrate cultural expression </li></ul>
  9. 9. Who protects these rights? <ul><li>The Department of Housing and Urban Development or “HUD” </li></ul><ul><li>HUD is responsible for creating national policies and programs to enforce fair housing laws. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What can you do if you’re being discriminated? <ul><li>Register a complaint to HUD </li></ul><ul><li>HUD will determine if they are in harm </li></ul><ul><li>HUD will decide if either they are or a state or local agency can act on the complaint </li></ul><ul><li>If necessary, the case will go to an administrative hearing, where you have the right to be represented. </li></ul><ul><li>At the hearing, the judge will determine whether you are entitled to actual damages, including humiliation, pain and suffering. </li></ul>
  11. 11. US Supreme Court Cases <ul><li>Jones v. Mayer Co. (1968) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The court held that federal law bans all racial discrimination (private or public), in sale or rental of property </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Village or Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp. (1977) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The court declared that proof of a racially discriminatory intent is required in claim that race was a motivating factor in a land zoning decision </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What are some acts regarding fair housing? <ul><li>Age Discrimination Act of 1975 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fair Housing Act (1968) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, and financial of dwellings, and in other house related transactions, based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status, and disabilities </li></ul></ul>