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  • 1. Child Slavery By Valeria Rubio
  • 2. Essential Question
    • How has Child Slavery Affected Africa?
  • 3. Why I Chose this Topic?
    • I chose child slavery as my topic because I thought that people should be informed about what goes on around the World, and because I myself wanted to learn more about child slavery.
  • 4. What did I already Know?
    • In the beginning I didn’t know much about child slavery other than it occurred in some parts of Africa, and children were enslaved at very early ages. However, that information does not even scratch the surface of child slavery.
  • 5. What is Child Slavery?
    • In definition Child Slavery generally refers to involuntary servitude, specifically slavery performed by minors, but across the world millions of children do extremely hazardous work in harmful conditions, putting their health, education, personal, and social development in danger, even their own lives.
  • 6. All About Child Slavery
    • How can their lives be at risk?
    • Here’s How:
    • Full time work at an early age
    • Dangerous work place
    • Excessive working hours
    • Subjection to psychological, verbal, physical & Sexual Abuse
    • Limited or NO pay
    • Inability to escape from the poverty cycle
    • ( No access to a good Education)
  • 7. How Big is this Problem?
    • The International Labour Organization estimated that there was 218 million working Children aged between Five and Seventeen during 2006
    • In 2006 126 million Children were estimated to work in the worst forms of Child Labour– One in every twelve of the Five to Seventeen year olds
    • 74 million Children under Fifteen are in Hazardous work & should be “Immediately withdrawn from this work”
  • 8. How Big is this Problem pg 2
    • 8.4 million Children are in Slavery, trafficking, debt bondage, and other forms of forced labour, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography, and other illicit activities
    • Girls are practically in demand for domestic work
    • Around 70% of Child Workers carry out unpaid work for their Families.
  • 9. Example
    • Rawsonville, South Africa
    • It took the loss of an 11-year-old farm worker's leg for farmers in South Africa's Western Cape Province to belatedly heed legislation outlawing child workers, Child Labour was outlawed in 1996, two years after the demise of Apartheid. After Waronice van Wyk severed her leg and subsequent legal action forced a farmer in the Ceres district to pay R25,000 (US$2,500) in compensation, sending a message to other farmers that employing workers younger than 16 carried a heavy price.
  • 10. What Shocked me ?!?!?!?!?
    • While researching about Child Slavery, what shocked me the most was that people used children in very early ages to do tremendously hazardous work, putting the young children in very unhealthy situations and there lives at risk.
  • 11. Questions I may still have
    • What is Africa doing to Stop Child Slavery?
    • Other then in South Africa, is Child Slavery Illegal?
    • If it is Illegal what is the punishment for breaking the Law?
    • Can Children make it out of Child Slavery?
    • Where else does Child Slavery Occur?
    • How Many Known Children Made it out of Slavery?
    • How many Children Died from Child Slavery?
  • 12. Websites Used
    • http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/antislavery/childlabour.htm
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_slavery
    • http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=84470
    • http://www.freetheslaves.net/Document.Doc?id=20 
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_modern_Africa