Paper for International Seminar on Humanity and Applied Social Sciences ISRAA 2008, 7-9 December, Bidisa, W.B. Session: Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Livelihood: Needed Reforms Cultivation in Jharkhand: Need for Management of Water and Land Resources. Dr. V. P .Sharma Principal Researcher cum Project Director
The main premise of the research is that suitable agro-climatic conditions allow for a significant up-scaling of agricultural intensification led by expansion of irrigation in the Central Indian Tribal Highlands and this will also lead to significant poverty impact. But this has not happened.
The study will explore what has worked and what has not, in promoting water based livelihood initiatives reviewing the past and current practices of Water Resources Management in Ranchi District.
OBJECTIVE-3 Assessment of different approaches – major dams, medium dams, minor irrigation's, experiences of tribal and management options for increased livelihood security within the target communities.
There is an urgent need for management of water Resources in the area for cultivation. The following steps should be taken on urgent basis to enhance the Economic conditions of people of the area at the block level by the government.
Tank and well irrigation have great prospect in the Munda & Oraon areas. It is remarkable to note that water table in this area passes just below the Don land.
The govt. drugged a good number of tanks on Tanr land. But these tanks become dry just after the rainy season and practically they are useless for villagers.
The minor irrigation projects have failed in the area because the plans of such tanks could not take the local hydraulic condition into consideration.
Some check dams constructed by Govt. funding through NGOs functioned well till the project period under ITDP schemes but become non functional after intervention period. Such projects should be handed over properly to village committees after proper training into management procedures.
It is worthwhile to make arrangement for the storage of water on plain area it self through rain water harvesting
Some rivers can be dammed, some reservoirs can be made in the vicinity of natural wells and tanks etc. can be dug in relation to the water table.