Parenting After Sexual Abuse

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  • 1. Parenting after sexual abuse
  • 2. Basic Information
    • Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in Georgia is defines as sexual activity with a child by an adult, adolescent or a child who is older than the victim.
    • 1 in 3 woman have experience childhood sexual abuse.
    • The highest percentage of sexual abuse occur between the ages of 12 to 17.
    • All races and ethnicity are equally affected by childhood sexual abuse.
    • CSA is commonly committed by a familiar member or a person known to the family
  • 3. Impact of the abuse in Parenting
    • Mothers with a history of CSA have an extreme fear of becoming a bad parent themselves.
    • Mother’s who endure CSA often suffer from high levels of fear and anxiety about their own children being sexually assaulted.
    • Shame and guilt is also associated with mothers who have experiences CSA.
    • Mothers with a history of CSA avoid asserting their parental power over their children.
    • Mothers of CSA have a difficult time establishing clear boundaries for their children (Martsolf & Draucker 2008).
  • 4. Impact of the abuse in Parenting
    • Mothers with a history of CSA are often self-center and lack self esteem.
    • The lack of self esteem can manifests itself in the form of an eating disorder, either bulimia or anorexia.
    • Mothers with a history of CSA provide little emotional support for their children.
    • Mothers with a history of CSA are more rejecting and less empathic towards their children.
  • 5. Impact of the abuse in Parenting
    • The women live with the memory of the abuse they experienced as child and often the memory does not go away.
    • Posttraumatic stress disorder is commonly seen in mothers of CSA.
    • Depression is commonly seen also in this population.
    • CSA leads to an inability to form healthy relationship, with ones own children and also with intimate relationships.
    • Healthy attachment between a child and a mother is a very important part of parenting and often woman with CSA have postpartum depression.
  • 6. Impact of the abuse in Parenting
    • The shame and guilt forces women to look for ways to deal with what they are and have experienced and they turn to substance abuse to cope with the painful memories of the abuse (Kranhe 2000).
    • Alcohol and other illegal drugs act as blocking agents and are used to block out the memories of the abuse, but the blockage only last as long as the high.
  • 7. Impact of the abuse in Parenting
    • Sexual adjustment is a problem seen in woman with a history of CSA.
    • Early sexual experiences are associated with CSA (Martsolf & Draucker 2008).
    • Women with a history of CSA are more likely to take part in high risk sexual behaviors, causal sex and unprotected sex as well (Lemieux & Byers 2008).
    • Women with CSA history often have a since of shame, guilt and sexual anxiety towards sexual arousal (Lemieux & Byers 2008).
    • Martsolf and Draucker found prostitution was a major issue when looking at CSA, because many women did not know how to deal with the CSA they experienced.
  • 8. Impact of the abuse in Parenting
    • The research indicates that incest is a major problem when looking at CSA (Maker & Buttenheim 2000).
    • Incest allows for CSA to occur within the framework of the family unit (Duncan 2004).
    • CSA by a family member leads to the offender having influence over the victim, which in turns affects how the woman will view herself in relation to the CSA experience (Duncan 2004).
  • 9. Working with Woman of CSA
    • It is important to know if the sexual abuse was done by a family member, since incest is the most common form of the abuse.
    • If incest has happened to the parent, then it is a good chance that it is or already has happen to their child.
    • In working on intervention for parents of incest it is vital they have a support system and if possible a new environment.
  • 10. Signs a mother may have expereinced CSA
    • Posttraumatic stress disorder
    • Extreme fear of becoming a bad parent
    • Trouble establishing and maintaining intimate relationships
    • High risk sexual behaviors
      • causal and unprotected sex
      • prostitution
    • Depression
    • Self-center
    • Lack of self esteem
    • Little emotional support for their children
    • Rejection of their children
    • Lack empathy towards their children
    • High levels of shame and guilt
  • 11. Working with Woman of CSA
    • A clear understanding of child development as well as sexual development in childhood is vital to a parent who has experienced CSA.
    • Understanding child development can help the parent identify behaviors that are not normal and behaviors that need to be addressed.
    • Psychotherapy has been proven useful in dealing with the memories of the sexual abuse
    • The use of such therapy can help an individual better deal with the memories and cut or even end the use of drugs and alcohol.
  • 12. References
    • Ducan, K. (2004). Healing from the trauma of childhood sexual abuse: The journey of women. Westport, CT: Prager http:// search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu
    • Kranhe, B. (2000). Childhood Sexual Abuse and Revictimzation in Adolesceence and Adulthood. Journal of Personal and Interpersonal Loss , 5, 149-165. http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu
    • Lemieux, S., & Byers, E. (2008). The Sexual Well-Being of Women Who Have Experienced Child Sexual Abuse. Psychology of Women Quarterly , 32 (2), 126-144. http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu
    • Maker, A., & Buttenheim, M. (2000). Parenting difficulties in sexual-abuse survivors: a theoretical framework with dual psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral strategies for intervention. Psychotherapy , 37 159-170. http://search.ebscohost.com
    • Martsolf. D & Draucker, C. (2008). The Legacy of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Family Adversity. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 40 (4), 333-340. http:// search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu