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Political Parties & Election Process

Political Parties & Election Process






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    Political Parties & Election Process Political Parties & Election Process Presentation Transcript

    • Influencing Government
    • A Brief History of Political Parties Politics: the process through which groups  make decisions. Political Party: a group of persons who  seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office. – Groups form based on common beliefs and principles of government … WHY?
    • A Brief History of Political Parties They want to bring about the adoption of certain  public policies and programs. Parties have existed in America almost  since the founding of the country. Examples  Federalists, Anti-Federalists, Whigs, Anti- Masonic, Know-Nothings, Populists, Dixiecrats
    • TODAY Two-party system Republicans and Democrats!  As a result, it is extremely hard for third  party candidates to be taken seriously.
    • Our Old Friend, The Political Spectrum Conservative Liberal Republican Democrat
    • So, What’s The Difference? Republican Democrat Believes in small  Believes in using  government government to fix the problems of society “Hands off” when it  comes to business Beliefs naturally lead  to large bureaucratic Little government  government interference in society and the economy
    • Where do you think you stand? Liberal Moderate Conservative
    • Political Parties
    • Review of Key Concepts… Politics-  Struggle between groups (parties) to control or influence the policies of government. Two-Party System in the U.S. 
    • Effect of Third Parties They have little real impact on national politics  “Spoiler Effect” - what does this mean?  – Even if a minor party does not win any electoral votes, it can “pull” votes from one of the major parties Ex: Green Party – 2000 Election  Your Thoughts Why do they run if most agree they have no chance of winning?
    • Political Party Platforms What do you think “platform” means?  Formal statement of basic principles, stands on major policy matters, and objectives for the campaign and beyond.
    • Some political party symbols…
    • It’s Your Turn!... The functions of political parties…
    • The Presidential Election A snapshot of the events…
    • Republican/ Primary Primary Democrat Campaign Elections Conventions General Electoral General Election College Election Campaign Inauguration of the President
    • EXAMINING THE ELECTION PROCESS… What do you remember from the 2008 Presidential Election?
    • Understanding the Electoral College •Indirect method of electing a President Definition •Why would the founding fathers choose this method? Question •Voters’ lack education and information Answer
    • How many electoral college votes does each state get? # # # House Electoral Senators Reps Votes 19 2 21 538 total electoral college votes, 270 to WIN!
    • Electoral Map 2000 Election
    • http://www.270towin.com/
    • TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE What would happen if Presidential Candidate A wins 45% of the popular vote in PA, Candidate B wins 35% of the popular vote, and Candidate C wins 20% of the popular vote? “Winner-take-all” process Candidate A (majority of the popular vote) would receive ALL of the electoral votes for Pennsylvania.