Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 1
Transit!
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 2
What is at Stake?...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 3
Transportation
50...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 4
Which travel choi...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 5
What we
already
k...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 6
Transit Planning ...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 7
Successful transi...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 8
Most Transit in N...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 9
Coverage vs. Prod...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 10
Politics-Based T...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 11
Rule 1: Transit ...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 12
Rule 2: Ridershi...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 13
Rule 3: Ridershi...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 14
Moral
If we want...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 15
Street Capacity ...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 16
Street Capacity ...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 17
Street Capacity ...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 18
Accommodating gr...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 19
Accommodating gr...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 20
Time for Pretty ...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 21
Now the Streetca...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 22
Tallaght, Germany
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 23
Lyon, France
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 24
Strasbourg, Fran...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 25
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 26
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 27
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 28
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 29
Ah, the “Afforda...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 30
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 31
Istanbul, Turkey
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 32
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 33
One important co...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 34
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 35
3 Points:
•Keep ...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 36
Quito, Ecuador
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 37
L.A.’s Rapid Bus
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 38
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 39
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 40
Dignity
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 41
Coverage vs. Pro...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 42
2. Legibility (W...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 43
Info
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 44
Nothing fancy
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 45
• Transit orient...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 46
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 47
Stop thinking pa...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 48
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 49
Ridership trends...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 50
Reinventing Tran...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 51
12.80
13.20
13.6...
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 52
Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009
Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 53
Jason Schrieber,...
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  • Why are we talking about high capacity transit today? Because transit is an efficient way to move lots of people…
  • Processes: Climate change could result in a series of warmer than average springs in California, reducing the snowpack where the bulk of California drinking and irrigation water is stored (Note: the share of all land in ‘constant drought,’ is expected to increase from 2% today to 10% by 2050 (Tearfund, 2006), and/or….
    Events: The water supply is also threatened by sea-level rise [projected rise of 17-29 cm by 2050 (Hemming et al, 2007), which threatens to breach levees on the California Delta, salinating the water supply for millions of Californians.
  • Forced migrants are “People who are displaced from or who feel obliged to leave their usual place of residence, because their lives, livelihoods, and welfare have been placed at serious risk as a result of adverse environmental, ecological, or climatic processes and events.” (Crisp, 2006).
    Prediction: 200 million climate migrants by 2050 (Myers, 2005).
    People of able means would migrate: History suggest would be migrants would need ‘social and financial capital;’ existing support networks in the destination zone, and sufficient resources to be able to move. (Brown, Oli, 2006)
  • Cnu Ne Summit Js

    1. 1. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 1 Transit!
    2. 2. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 2 What is at Stake? Thanks to Projjal Dutta, NYMTA
    3. 3. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 3 Transportation 50% Residential 11% Oil Refining 6%Electricity (local)Generation 7% Industrial/ Commercial 26% Source: BAAQMD Transportation is 40-50% of our CO2 Problem
    4. 4. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 4 Which travel choices are “Green?” Thanks to Projjal Dutta, NYMTA
    5. 5. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 5 What we already know…
    6. 6. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 6 Transit Planning 101 (in under 18 minutes)  Travel time  Cost  Reliability  Dignity What influences your decision?
    7. 7. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 7 Successful transit operation must offer its passengers dignity Making transit work
    8. 8. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 8 Most Transit in New England Spreads investment out, serving all areas equally
    9. 9. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 9 Coverage vs. Productivity Low Ridership - but really important for the people who use it “Mobility for people who need it!” “Get cars off the road!” High Ridership - but no service in many places
    10. 10. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 10 Politics-Based Transit
    11. 11. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 11 Rule 1: Transit Follows Density • As density increases, so does potential market • Density allows for increases in frequency
    12. 12. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 12 Rule 2: Ridership Follows Frequency • Frequencies every 12 minutes or better start to attract “choice riders”
    13. 13. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 13 Rule 3: Ridership Follows Travel Time • If it’s faster to take the bus or train, people will use it in droves • True for buses as well as rail
    14. 14. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 14 Moral If we want sustainable communities, we must invest in fast, efficient transit. This is geometry, not ideology.
    15. 15. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 15 Street Capacity and Geometry Cars on a street
    16. 16. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 16 Street Capacity and Geometry People in Cars
    17. 17. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 17 Street Capacity and Geometry People on a bus
    18. 18. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 18 Accommodating growth with transit 910 10,000 16,200 6,750 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 Auto Regular bus Semi- rapid bus Light rail Personsperlaneperhour
    19. 19. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 19 Accommodating growth with transit 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 Six lanes for all traffic Four lanes plus semi-rapid bus Persons/hour
    20. 20. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 20 Time for Pretty Pictures of Trains
    21. 21. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 21 Now the Streetcars
    22. 22. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 22 Tallaght, Germany
    23. 23. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 23 Lyon, France
    24. 24. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 24 Strasbourg, France
    25. 25. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 25
    26. 26. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 26
    27. 27. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 27
    28. 28. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 28
    29. 29. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 29 Ah, the “Affordable” BRT
    30. 30. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 30
    31. 31. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 31 Istanbul, Turkey
    32. 32. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 32
    33. 33. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 33 One important consideration: $
    34. 34. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 34
    35. 35. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 35 3 Points: •Keep it simple •Make it legible •Stop focusing on park & ride
    36. 36. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 36 Quito, Ecuador
    37. 37. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 37 L.A.’s Rapid Bus
    38. 38. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 38
    39. 39. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 39
    40. 40. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 40 Dignity
    41. 41. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 41 Coverage vs. Productivity Low Ridership - but really important for the people who use it “Mobility for people who need it!” “Get cars off the road!” High Ridership - but no service in many places
    42. 42. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 42 2. Legibility (What good is a stop without info?)
    43. 43. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 43 Info
    44. 44. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 44 Nothing fancy
    45. 45. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 45 • Transit oriented development (TOD) 3. Stop thinking park & ride
    46. 46. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 46
    47. 47. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 47 Stop thinking park & ride
    48. 48. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 48
    49. 49. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 49 Ridership trends “Before” TOD and parking management Ridership trends “After” TOD and parking management Stop thinking park & ride
    50. 50. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 50 Reinventing Transit • Is transit system expansion the answer? • FTA thinks so. They fund projected NEW riders… not making it better for existing riders • Why must transit agencies compete against each other for a shrinking pie? Do DOTs compete for road money? • Why shouldn’t transit compete against highway projects for solving air quality, mobility and CO2 problems?
    51. 51. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 51 12.80 13.20 13.60 14.00 14.40 14.80 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 DegreesCelsius Source: GISS GlobalAverage Temperature at Earth's Surface (Land-Ocean Index), 1880-2003
    52. 52. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 52
    53. 53. Sustainable Urbanism Summit – CNU New England, April 3, 2009 Jason Schrieber, NelsonNygaard Consulting 53 Jason Schrieber, Principal NelsonNygaard Transportation Planning for Livable Communities jschrieber@nelsonnygaard.com 617-521-9403 www.nelsonnygaard.com Boston Office: 10 High Street, Suite 903 Boston, MA 02110

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