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Elizabeth Wilson Presentation


Birth Control Issues in the Developing World

Birth Control Issues in the Developing World

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  • 1. Birth Control Issues in the Developing World By: Elizabeth Wilson
  • 2. Effect of Population Growth
    • Population Growth + Environment Devastation = Widespread Hunger
  • 3. Fertility Rates Source: Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division.
  • 4. Fertility Rates
    • Education Level
    • Age of Marriage
    • Income
    • Access to Health Services
    • Religious Affiliation
    • Social Identity
  • 5. Ethical Principles & Theories
    • Ethical Principle - Autonomy
    • Ethical Theory - Rights
  • 6. Need for Family Planning
    • Breastfeeding
    • Contraception
    • Birth spacing
  • 7. Need for Family Planning Source: Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division.
  • 8. Benefits of Birth Control
    • Lower growing population trends
    • Reduced human ecological footprint
    • Increased resources for food and energy production
    • Lower maternal mortality
    • Lower infant mortality
    • Reduce transmission of STDs including HIV/AIDS
  • 9. References
    • Bongaarts, J. (1982). The fertility-inhibiting effects of the intermediate fertility variables. Studies in Family Planning , 12(6/7), 179-189.
    • Bongaarts, J. (1994). Population policy options in the developing world. Science, 771(6), pages unknown.
    • Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division.
    • Feyisetan, B. & Casterline, J.B. (2000). Fertility preferences and contraceptive change in developing countries. International Family Planning Perspectives , 26(3), 100-109.
    • Hogan, D.P. & Biratu, B. (2004). Social identity and community effects on contraception use and intentions in southern Ethiopia. Studies in Family Planning, 35(2), 79-90.
    • Kirby, A. (2004, February 3). Rich 'failing' on birth control. BBC News. Retriever from
    • Radalimanana, H. & Westoff, C.F. (2000). Potential effects on fertility and child health and survival of birth spacing preferences in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies in Family Planning , 31(2). 99-110.
    • Russell, G. (1984, August 6). People, people, people. Time. Retrieved from,9171,921723,00.html
    • Smith, D.P. (1985). Breastfeeding, contraception and birth intervals in developing countries. Studies in Family Planning , 16(3), 154-163.
    • Watkins, S.C. (1987). The fertility transition: Europe and the third world compared. Sociological Forum, 2(4), 645-673.