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Great India Company

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Building the pillars of India

Building the pillars of India

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Great India Company Great India Company Presentation Transcript

  • Vande Ma Bharati‐Aum Tat Sat
  • World Religions World Religions World Population 6.671 billion World Population 6.671 billion Christianity1.63billion‐1.923billion24.54%‐ 28.82%  Islam 1 525 billion 1 559 billion 22 752% 3 312% 1.525 billion ‐ 1.559 billion 22.752% ‐ 3.312%  Hinduism 965 million ‐ 971 million 14.47% ‐ 14.55% Buddhism 489 million ‐ 1.512 billion 7.33% ‐ 2.67%  Total 4.541 billion ‐ 5.920 billion 68.08% ‐ 88.74% 
  • Christianity View slide
  • Islam View slide
  • Buddhism
  • Hinduism
  • Mass Conversions Mass Conversions • Religion Births Conversions New adherentes Births Conversions New adherentes per year[44] Growth rate  • Christianity 22 708 799 2 501 396 25 210 195 22,708,799 2,501,396 25,210,195 1.36%  • Il Islam 21 723 118 865 558 22 588 676 2 13% 21,723,118 865,558 22,588,676 2.13%  Hinduism 13,194,111 ‐660,377 12,533,734 1.69%  1 69% • Buddhism 3,530,918 156,609 3,687,527 1.09%
  • Indian Statistics Indian Statistics • India has 31.5 million tax payers 3.1 Cr India has 31 5 million tax payers‐3 1 Cr • 54 million PAN allotted‐5.4 Cr • 70 Cr people in villages, 30 Cr people in city 0C l i ill 30 C l i i • 15.54 Lacs Cr. INR GDP which is a total of: • Agriculture: 3.1 Lacs Cr.  • Industries: 4.3 Lacs Cr. Industries: 4 3 Lacs Cr • Other Services:8.1 Lacs Cr.
  • Agriculture • India ranks second worldwide in farm output.  • Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry logging and fishing accounted for 16 6% of the GDP in and allied sectors like forestry, logging and fishing accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in  2007, employed 60% of the total workforce and despite a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is  still the largest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio‐economic  development of India.  • Yields per unit area of all crops have grown since 1950, due to the special emphasis placed on  agriculture in the five year plans and steady improvements in irrigation, technology, application of  agriculture in the five‐year plans and steady improvements in irrigation technology application of modern agricultural practices and provision of agricultural credit and subsidies since Green  revolution in India. • However, international comparisons reveal the average yield in India is generally 30% to 50% of the  highest average yield in the world. • India is the largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and  India is the largest producer in the world of milk cashew nuts coconuts tea ginger turmeric and black pepper. • It also has the world's largest cattle population: 193 million(19.3 Cr) • It is the second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, cotton, silk, peanuts and inland fish. • It is the third largest producer of tobacco.India is the largest fruit producer, accounting for 10% of  the world fruit production. It is the leading producer of bananas, sapotas and mangoes. • India is the second largest producer and the largest consumer of silk in the world, with the majority  of the 77 million kg (2005) production taking place in Karnataka State, particularly in Mysore and  the North Bangalore regions of Muddenahalli, Kanivenarayanapura, and Doddaballapura, the  upcoming sites of a INR 700 million "Silk City".
  • Save India by Saving Indian Villages Save India by Saving Indian Villages • India occupies 2.4% of the world's land area and  p supports over 17.5% of the world's population. India  has more arable land area than any country except the  United States, and more water area than any country  United States and more water area than any country except Canada and the United States.  y • Indian life, therefore revolves mostly around  agriculture and allied activities in small villages, where  the overwhelming majority of Indians live.  • 72 2% of the population lives in about 638 000 villages 72.2% of the population lives in about 638,000 villages  and the remaining 27.8% lives in more than 5,100  towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.
  • CIA World Factbook demographic  statistics ‐India d • Total Population: 1 166 079 217 (July 2009 est Total Population: 1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est.  CIA)1,028.7 million  • Rural Population :72 2% male: 381 668 992 Rural Population :72.2%, male: 381,668,992,  female: 360,948,755 • Li Literacy rate 79.9% 79 9% • Percent of the population under the poverty  line 22%  p y • Unemployment Rate 7.8%
  • Indian Population Indian Population • India is one of the world’s most diverse countries, not  only socially, geographically and historically but also  economically.  • Today we can look up to see our nation poised for a Today we can look up to see our nation poised for a  blast into the future.  • We see Delhi about to become an InternationalCity and  Mumbai marked on the financial map of the world.  Mumbai marked on the financial map of the world • We see Bangalore become a pivot to global IT Industry  and we see all the global manufacturing units coming  to Pune, Chennai and Kolkata,Hyderabad and  P Ch i d K lk H d b d d Ahmedabad • But is that all we have to see?
  • India • Maybe that is all we want to see and that’s why  aybe t at s a e a t to see a d t at s y India is still poised.  g g • There is something which is holding India back,  and this something is what we do not see.  • This something is our Villages and what we call  the rural India. People have made rural India as a  point to crib about when it comes to our  development and position in the eyes of this  development and position in the eyes of this world. But that according to me is not true. Here  is a brief analysis. y
  • What do villages constitute and  contribute: b • Only 29% of Indian population according to the World  Bank can be classified as urban population, which  means that above 70% of our population still lives in  villages.  g • And even though about 60% of our population is  dependant on agriculture as their primary source of  income, Agriculture seems to be contributing only 22%  income, Agriculture seems to be contributing only 22% to the national GDP. • Now there is a glitch somewhere when we consider  these figures, and these figures definitely present a  these figures and these figures definitely present a sorry state of Indian villages in present context when  India is being seen as a growing economy.
  • Why this difference in constitution  and contribution: d b • The main reason according to everyone would be the  g y negligence of government towards development of  villages, and I would not dare to oppose that.  • B t it’ ti But it’s time to think beyond that. Looking closely at  t thi k b d th t L ki l l t the statistics it can be concluded that around 85% of  the rural population living in villages is still dependant  p p g g p on agriculture as the primary source of income.  • When such a large chunk of people are dependent on  agriculture the problem gets worse when we see that  agriculture the problem gets worse when we see that practices followed in Indian agriculture are primitive. 
  • Here is Solution: Here is Solution: • Population is India’s one of the most important strengths at the moment, and  there is no dearth of population in the villages.  there is no dearth of population in the villages • The problem with this population is the lack of alternate employment  opportunities, lack of education and poor standard of living.  • Now to emerge from these problems I seek the support of Indian Inc. to invest in  this huge untapped resource called Indian villages, utilize this manpower, which  this huge untapped resource called Indian villages utilize this manpower which will elevate us from being a developing nation to developed nation.  • To implement this I want big companies with huge capital reserves to take  initiative and pick up a village say with a small population, strike a deal with the  people for the land which they have been using largely for agriculture and of  people for the land which they have been using largely for agriculture and of course their residential purposes. • Now use the same people to build a small and well‐planned township, a school, a  hospital, and a few small‐scale industries where the primary agricultural products  p y p , y would be processed into utility articles and packed food, which would yield more  revenue from the agricultural products.  • Also modern agriculture techniques would be used to increase the profits. 
  • The Benefits: • Some advantages of this would be that people of these villages would be  working for a big organization, which obviously will be good at managing,  working for a big organization which obviously will be good at managing and smooth functionality of this system.  • The schools and hospitals will create employment opportunity for people  from outside as well. The standard of living, education and health facilities  will improve a great deal.  ll d l • With modern agriculture practices and processing facility the village can  make a mark for its products in not only urban but also international  p p markets if the products are to be exported.  • If successful this can be implemented for more villages hence bringing  about a transformation in rural India. The Involvement of big organizations  in this process would also ensure that the usual hindrances from the very  famous system, will be navigated more effectively as compared to the  famous system will be navigated more effectively as compared to the panchayats, which are responsible for this at the moment. There are some  successful examples of this method being used although in a different  fashion. 
  • Conclusion: • This is a solution, which can bring about a change in above  statistics, though too optimistic but I think if this idea can get some  t ti ti th ht ti i ti b t I thi k if thi id t minds thinking and can be restructured into a plan, which can be  implemented, the Indian villages can be transformed from  something to be cribbed about to a strength of which everyone can  g g y talk with pride.  • India will only remain posed if only the 29% grow and the rest are  left up to the trickle down effect, but  it would move if that 70% of  the rural India also grows, though a little less.  th l I di l th h littl l • We are losing out on our strength by the way of farmers committing  suicides, on a regular basis due to lack of returns from agriculture  which is their only source of living, it s time to provide alternatives  which is their only source of living it's time to provide alternatives and the corporate world should take some responsibility and set  some examples.
  • Vande Gujarat Vande Gujarat
  • Main Villages in Gujarat Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam dh b k Ahmedabad Amreli Anand Banaskantha Bharuch Bhavnagar Dahod D h d Dang Gandhinagar Jamnagar Junagadh Kheda Kutch Mehsana Navsari Panchmahal Patan Porbandar Rajkot Sabarkantha Narmada Surat Surendranagar S d Tapi Vadodara Valsad •
  • Nandi Gram  Nandi Gram
  • Lord Krishna Philosophy  Lord Krishna‐Philosophy • Cow can earn you money by selling milk Cow can earn you money by selling milk  without tax –Business‐Agriculture and Cow  breeding • Milk will give you all other house hold  products • Gau Mutra will give you all other hygienic  products for your washing and cleansing • Cow dung will give you gas and fertilizer for  your farm
  • Geeta Rahastya Adhyatm Geeta Rahastya‐Adhyatm
  • Ma AdhyaShakti Bhagwati Ma‐AdhyaShakti‐Bhagwati
  • Ma Gayatri‐ Brahm Vidya‐ Purpose of your Life f f
  • India “Truth of Great India”
  • 5,000 year old ancient civilization 325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects 18 official languages 29 states, 5 union territories states 3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area 7,516 kilometers - Coastline 1.3 Billion population. 5600 dailies, 15000 weeklies and 20000 periodicals in 21 languages with a combined circulation of 142 million. GDP $576 Billion. (GDP rate 8%) Parliamentary form of Government Worlds largest democracy. Worlds 4th largest economy. World- World-class recognition in IT, bio-technology and space. bio- Largest English speaking nation in the world. 3rd largest standing army force, over 1.5Million strong. 2nd largest pool of scientists and engineers in the World. World
  • Bharat Forge has the world's largest single- Suzuki, which makes Maruti in India has location forging facility, its clients include decided to make India its manufacturing, Honda, Toyota and Volvo amongst others. export and research hub outside Japan. Hero Honda i h 1.7M H H d with 1 7M motorcycles a year l Hyundai India is set to become the global is now the largest motorcycle manufacturer small car hub for the Korean giant and will in the world. produce 25k Santros to start with. India is the 2nd largest tractor manufacturer By B 2010 it is set to supply half a million i tt l h lf illi in the world. cars to Hyundai Korea. HMI and Ford. India is the 5th largest commercial vehicle manufacturer in the world. The prestigious UK automaker, MG Rover is i marketing 100,000 Indica cars made by k ti 100 000 I di d b Ford has just presented its Gold World Tata in Europe, under its own name. Excellence Award to India's Cooper Tyres. Aston Martin contracted prototyping its latest luxury sports car, AM V8 Vantage, to an Indian-based designer and is set to produce the cheapest Aston Martin ever ever.
  • India: Technology Superpower Geneva-based STMicroelectronics is one of 15 of the world's major Automobile makers are the largest semiconductor companies to obtaining components from Indian companies. develop integrated circuits and software in India. This business fetched India $1.5 Billion in 2003, and will reach $15 Billion by 2007. d ill h Billi b 2007 Texas Instruments was the first to open operations in Bangalore, followed by New emerging industries areas include, Bio- Motorola, Intel, Cadence Design Systems Informatics, Bio-Technology, Genomics, and several others. Clinical Research and Trials. 80 of the World’s 117 SEI CMM Level-5 World-renowned TQM expert Yasutoshi Washio companies are based in India. predicts that Indian manufacturing quality will overtake that of Japan in 2013. 5 Indian companies recently received the p y globally acclaimed Deming prize. This prize is given to an organization for rigorous total McKinsey believes India's revenues from the IT quality management (TQM) practices. industry will reach $87 Billion by 2008. Flextronics, the $14 billion global major in Electronic Manufacturing Services, has announced that it will make India a global competence centre for telecom software development.
  • India: Trade Tata Motors paid $ 118 million to buy Daewoo India's trade with China grew by by 104% in commercial vehicle Company of Korea. 2002 and in the first 5 months of 2003, India has amassed a surplus in trade close to $0.5M. Ranbaxy, the largest Indian pharmaceutical y, g p company, gets 70% of its $1 billion revenue from overseas operations and 40% from USA. Mobile phones are growing by about 1.5Million a month. Long distance rates are down by two- Tata Tea has bought Tetley of UK for £260M. thirds in five years and by 80% for data transmission. India is one of the world's largest diamond cutting and polishing centres, its exports were Wal-Mart sources $1 Billion worth of goods worth $6 Billion in 1999. from India - half its apparel. Wal-Mart expects this to increase to $10 Billion in the About Ab t 9 out of 10 diamond stones sold t f di m nd t n ld next couple of years. t l f anywhere in the world, pass through India. GAP sources about $600 million and Hilfiger Garment exports are expected to increase $100 million worth of apparel from India. from the current level of $6 billion to $25 $ $ billion by 2010. The country's foreign exchange reserves stand at an all-time high of $120 Billion.
  • India: Self‐Reliance India is among six countries that launch Back in 1968, India imported 9M tonnes of satellites and do so even for Germany, food-grains to support its people, through a Belgium, South Korea, Singapore and EU grand programme of national self-sufficiency countries. which started in 1971, today, it now has a food grain surplus stock of 60M. 60M India's INSAT is among the world's largest domestic satellite communication systems. India is among the 3 countries in the World that have built Supercomputers on their own. India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch y The other two countries being USA and Japan. g Jp Vehicle (GSLV) was indigenously manufactured with most of the components India built its own Supercomputer after the like motor cases, inter-stages, heat shield, USA denied India purchasing a Cray computer cryogenic engine, electronic modules all back in 1987. manufactured by public and private Indian industry. India’s new ‘PARAM Padma’ Terascale Supercomputer (1 Trillion processes per sec.) Kalpana Chawla was one of the seven is also amongst only 4 nations in the world to astronauts in the Columbia space shuttle have this capability. p y when it disintegrated over Texas skies just 16 h di i t t d T ki j t minutesbefore its scheduled landing on Feb 1st 2003, she was the second Indian in space. India is providing aid to 11 countries, writing- off their debt and loaning the IMF $300M. It has also prepaid $3Billion owed to the d d World Bank and Asian Development Bank.
  • India: Pharmaceuticals The Indian pharmaceutical industry at $6.5 billion and growing at 8-10% annually, is the 4th largest pharmaceutical industry in the world, and is expected to be worth $12 billion by 2008. 2008 Its exports are over $2 billion. India is among the top five bulk drug makers and at home, the local industry has edged out the Multi National companies whose share Multi-National of 75% in the market is down to 35%. Trade of medicinal plants has crossed $900M already. There are 170 biotechnology companies in India, involved in the development and manufacture of genomic drugs, whose business is growing exponentially. Sequencing genes and delivering genomic information for big Pharmaceutical companies is the next boom industry in India.
  • India: Foreign Multi‐National Companies Top 5 American employers in India: General Electric: : 17,800 employees Hewlett-Packard : 11 000 employees 11,000 IBM : 6,000 employees American Express : 4,000 employees Dell : 3,800 employees General Electric (GE) with $80 Million invested in India employs 16,000 staff, 1,600 R&D staff who 16 000 staff 1 600 are qualified with PhD’s and Master’s degrees. The number of patents filed in USA by the Indian entities of some of the MNCs (upto September, 2002) are as follows: Texas Instruments - 225, Intel - 125, Cisco Systems - 120, IBM - 120, Phillips - 102, 102 GE - 9595. Staff at the offices of Intel (India) has gone up from 10 to 1,000 in 4 years, and will reach 2000 staff by 2006. GE's R&D centre in Bangalore is the company's largest research outfit outside the United States. The centre also devotes 20% of its resources on 5 to 10 year fundamental research in areas such as nanotechnology, hydrogen energy, photonics, and advanced propulsion. It is estimated that there are 150,000 IT professionals in Bangalore as against 120,000 in Silicon Valley. 150 000 120 000 Valley
  • India: R&D Labs R&D Centre Highlights g g Established in 1984. The centre started with just 20 people, now has 900 people working on VLSI and embedded software, which goes along with a chip or into the chip. R&D Centre, Bangalore The B Th Bangalore centre was established i 1994 th H d b d one i 1999 O l ’ l l t t bli h d in 1994; the Hyderabad in 1999. Oracle’s largest t development centre outside the US currently has 6,000 staff. Does work on Oracle's database products, applications, business intelligence products and application development tools, besides other India Development Centre, Bangalore, activities. Hyderabad. India Engineering Centre, Established in mid-1999 with 20 people, has scaled up to 500 people today. Does work mainly on Sun's Bangalore software which i l d S l i and S O ft hi h includes Solaris d Sun One. R&D Centre, Established in 1988 with 20 people, has scaled up to 1,000 today. Drives nearly 60 percent of the Bangalore and Mumbai. company’s global development delivery. Software Lab, Established in 2001. Works on all IBM software like WebSphere, DB2, Lotus, Tivoli and Rational. The Bangalore, Pune. centre has added many new areas of activities such as middleware and business intelligence. Established in November 1998 with 100 people, th L b swill b scaled up t 1500 b th end of 2004 E t bli h d i N b ith l the Lab ill be l d to by the d f 2004. That will double 3000 staff by middle of 2006. It is the largest single-location R&D lab for SAP outside Walldorf, Germany. Nearly 10 percent of SAP's total R&D work is carried out from the Indian lab. Labs India, Bangalore. Established in 1996 with 10 people, has scaled up to 895 people today, and will be further scaled up to 1,000 before the end of 2003. Works on developing software for Philips products. Almost all Philips products that use software have some contribution from this centre It is the largest software centre for centre. Innovation Campus, Bangalore. Philips outside Holland. Established in 2002 with just two people, has scaled up to 20 specialists today. Plans exist to double its headcount by the beginning of 2004. Is totally dedicated to high-level research on futuristic technologies, with special focus on emerging markets. Bangalore.
  • India: BPO The domestic BPO sector is projected to increase to $4 billion in 2004 and reach $65 billion by 2010. (McKinsey & Co.). The t r i i l d Th outsourcing includes a wide range of services including d i architecture, id r f r i i l di design, r hit t r management, legal services, accounting and drug development and the Indian BPOs are moving up in the value chain. There are about 200 call centers in India with a turnover of $2 billion and a workforce of 150,000. 100 of the Fortune 500 are now present in India compared t 33 in China. f th F rt n r n pr nt Indi mp r d to Chin Cummins of USA uses its R&D Centre in Pune to develop the sophisticated computer models needed to design upgrades and prototypes electronically and p g pg p yp y introduce 5 or 6 new engine models a year. Business Week of 8th December 2003 has said "Quietly but with breathtaking speed, India d its illi I di and it millions of world-class engineering, business and medical graduates are b f ld l i i b i d di l d t becoming i enmeshed in America's New Economy in ways most of us barely imagine".
  • William H. Gates, Chairman and Chief  Software Architect Microsoft Corporation (b‐1955): (b ) “…after “ after the Chinese, South Indians are the smartest people Chinese in the world.”
  • India: Technology Superpower Over 100 MNCs have set up R&D facilities in India in the past five years. These include GE, Bell Labs, Du Pont, Daimler Chrysler, Eli Lilly, Intel, Monsanto, Monsanto Texas Instruments, Caterpillar, Cummins GM Microsoft and IBM Instruments Caterpillar Cummins, GM, IBM. India’s telecom infrastructure between Chennai, Mumbai and Singapore, p provides the largest bandwidth capacity in the world, with well over 8.5 g p y Terabits (8.5Tbs) per second. With more than 250 universities, 1,500 research institutions and 10,428 higher-education i tit t hi h r d ti institutes, India prod ces 200 000 engineering produces 200,000 graduates and another 300,000 technically trained graduates every year. Besides, another 2 million other graduates qualify out in India annually. , g q y y The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is among the top three universities from which McKinsey & Company, the world's biggest consulting firm hir m t n ltin firm, hires most.
  • Indians abroad A snapshot of Indians at the helm of leading Global businesses The Co-founder of Sun Microsystems (Vinod Khosla), Creator of Pentium Chip (Vinod Dahm), Founder and creator of Hotmail (Sabeer Bhatia), Chief Executive of McKinsey & Co. (Rajat Gupta) President and CFO of Pepsi Cola (Indra Nooyi) President of United Airlines (Rono Dutta) GM of Hewlett Packard (Rajiv Gupta) ( j p ) President and CEO of US Airways (Rakesh Gangwal) Chief Executive of CitiBank (Victor Menezes), Chief Executives of Standard Chartered Bank (Rana Talwar) Chief Executive officer of Vodafone (Arun Sarin) President of AT & T-Bell Labs (Arun Netravali) Vice-Chairman and founder of Juniper Networks (Pradeep Sindhu) Founder of Bose Audio (Amar Bose) Founder, hi d i F d chip designer Ci Cirrus L i (S h Patil ) Logic (Suhas P il Chairman and CEO of Computer Associates (Sanjay Kumar) Head of (HPC WorldWide) of Unilever Plc. (Keki Dadiseth) Chief Executive Officer of HSBC (Aman Mehta) Director and member of Executive Board of Goldman Sachs (Girish Reddy) Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (Raghuram Rajan) Former CTO of Novell Networks (Kanwal Rekhi)
  • Indians in the USA. Indians in the USA. Statistics that show: 38% of doctors in the USA, 12% of scientists in the USA, 36% of NASA scientists, 34% of Microsoft employees, 28% of IBM employees, 17% of INTEL scientists, 13% of XEROX employees, … are Indians. US H1-B Visa applicants country of origin 1. 1 India 44% 2. China 9% Of the 1.5M Indians living in the USA, 1/5th of them live in the Silicon Valley. 3. Britain 5% 4. Philippines 3% 35% of Silicon Valley start-ups are by Indians. 5. Canada 3% 6. 6 Taiwan 2% 7. Japan 2% Indian students are the largest in number among foreign students in USA. 8. Germany 2% 9. Pakistan 2% 10. France 2%
  • “IIT = Harvard + MIT + Princeton” “IIT = Harvard + MIT + Princeton” , says CBS ‘60 Minutes’. CBS' highly-regarded ‘60 Minutes’, the most widely watched news programme in the US, told its audience of more than 10 Million viewers that “IIT may be the most important university you've never heard of." "The United States imports oil from Saudi Arabia, cars from Japan, TVs from Korea and p J p Whiskey from Scotland. So what do we import from India? We import people, really smart people," co-host Leslie Stahl began while introducing the segment on IIT. “…the smartest, the most successful, most influential Indians who ve migrated to the US seem to …the smartest successful who've share a common credential: They are graduates of the IIT.” “…in science and technology, IIT undergraduates leave their American counterparts in the dust.” “Think about that for a minute: A kid from India using an Ivy League university as a safety school. That's how smart these guys are.” There are “cases where students who couldn t get into computer science at IIT, they have gotten cases couldn't IIT scholarships at MIT, at Princeton, at Caltech.”
  • Mahatma Gandhi  (1869‐1948): Gandhi was once asked what he thought about Western Civilization. His response was: "I think it would be a good idea.” p g "The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.“ “You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.” “The only devils in this world are those running around inside our own hearts, and y g , that is where all our battles should be fought.” “If all Christians acted like Christ, the whole world would be Christian.” “Woman, I hold, is the personification of self-sacrifice, but unfortunately today she does not realize what tremendous advantage she has over man.” “Indians, w stagger humanity w d , will gg y without shedding a d p of blood.” dd g drop f d “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.”
  • Sir C.V. Raman, (1888 – 1970) CV 1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics for work on scattering of light and Raman effect. Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose (1858 – 1937) Bose, USA based IEEE has proved what has been a century old suspicion amongst academics that the pioneer of wireless-radio communication was Professor Jagdish Chandra Bose and not Guglielmo Marconi. Satyendranath Bose, (1894-1974) S t d th B (1894- Indian Physicist, who solved one of the mysteries of quantum mechanics, showing that in the quantum world some particles are indistinguishable. His collaborations with Albert Einstein led to a new branch on statistical mechanics know commonly known as the “Einstein-Bose” statistics.
  • Srinivasa Ramanujam,(1887 – 1920): Great Indian Mathematician, whose interest from academics at Trinity, Mathematician Trinity College, Cambridge, led him to collaborate there and postulate and prove well over 3,542 theorems. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, (1910-1995): (1910- 1983 Nobel Laureate in Physics. His many contributions to physics, on the structure and evolution of stars i l di rotational figures of equilibrium, stellar d l i f including i l fi f ilib i ll interiors, black holes, radiative transfer, hydromagnetic stability, stellar dynamics. Har Gobind Khorana, (b-1922 ): (b- 1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine for work on interpretation of the g genetic code . Currently residing as professor at MIT. y g p Amartya Sen, (b-1933): (b- 1998 - The Nobel Prize for Economics for his redefining work on ethical g welfare economics. Currently residing as Lamont University Professor Emeritus at Harvard, after stepping down from the prestigious post of Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • India It is the only society in the world which has never known slavery. y India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history. India was the richest country on Earth until the time of the British in the early 17th Century Robert Clive’s personal wealth amassed from the blunder of Bengal during 1750’s was estimated at around £401,102 It has been estimated that the total amount of treasure that the British looted from India had already reached £1,000,000,000 (£1Billion) by 1901. Taking into consideration interest rates and inflation this would be worth close to $1,000,000,000,000 ($1Trillion) in real-terms today.
  • A Brief History of Time Vedic Civilization Indus & Saraswati Civilizations Rise of Jainism and Buddhism J Mauryan Period Golden Age of Indian Arts & Sciences Muslim Invasions The Mughal Empire Portuguese Invasion P I i The British East-India Company The British Empire India's Freedom Struggle p Independence Modern India 2020 Vision
  • India • India invented the Number System. • Ayurveda is the earliest school of Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. The medicine known to humans. Charaka, the place value system, the decimal system father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda was developed in India in 100 BC. 2500 years ago. • Aryabhatta was the first to explain • Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful spherical shape, size ,diameter, rotation p p place in civilization. and correct speed of Earth in 499 AD. • Christopher Columbus was attracted • The World's first university was India's wealth and was looking for route to established in Takshila in 700 BC. India when he discovered the American Students f S d from all over the W ld ll h World continent by mistake. mistake studied more than 60 subjects. • The art of Navigation was born in the river • The University of Nalanda built in the Sindh 6000 years ago. The word 4th century was one of the greatest ‘Navigation’ is derived from the Sanskrit Navigation achievements of ancient India in the word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also field of education. derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'. • Sanskrit is considered the mother of all • In Siddhanta Siromani (Bhuvanakosam 6) ( ) higher languages. Sanskrit is the most Bhaskaracharya II described about precise, and therefore suitable language gravity of earth about 400 years before Sir for computer software - a report in Isaac Newton. He also had some clear Forbes magazine, July 1987. notions on differential calculus, and the Theory of Continued Fraction. Th f C ti d F ti
  • Languages of India Urdu Ud Punjabi Hindi Rajasthani Oriya Sanskrit Bengali Assamese Gujarati G j i Marathi Konkani K k i Telegu Kannada y Malayalam Tamil
  • The Ancient Vedic Hymns Rig Veda - Knowledge of Hymns, 10,859 verses “There is only one truth, only men describe it in different ways.“ Yajur Veda - Knowledge of Liturgy, 3,988 verses Sama Veda - Knowledge of Classical Music, 1 549 verses Music 1,549 Ayur Veda - Knowledge of Medicine, over 100,000 verses Upanishads p Jyotisha – Astrology and Astronomy. Kalpa – Rituals and Legal matters. Siksha – Phonetics. Aitareya – Creation of the Universe, Man and Evolution. Chandogya – Reincarnation, Soul. Kaushitaki – Karma. Kena – Austerity, Work, and Restraint. Dharnur Veda – Science of Archery and War. Mundaka – Discipline, Faith and warning of Ignorance. Sulba S t S lb Sutra – K l d of M h Knowledge f Mathematicsi Yoga Sutra - Knowledge of Meditation Kama Sutra - Knowledge of Love and Sex
  • Sanskrit (संःकृ त ) Sanskrit was the classical language of India, older than Hebrew and Latin. India Latin It is the oldest, most scientific, systematic language in the world. It became the language of all cultured people in India and in the countries that were influenced by India. Sanskrit literally means “refined” or “perfected” Sanskrit word English meaning Sanskrit meaning matar mother pitar papa / father bhratar brother svasar sister gyaamti geometry 'measuring the earth’ trikonamiti trigonometry 'measuring triangular forms‘ dvaar door ma me ‘first person pronoun’ naman name smii il smile eka equal ‘the same’
  • India Theory of Continued Fraction was Madhavacharya discovered Taylor series discovered by Bhaskaracharya II. of Sine and Cosine function about 250 years before Taylor. Indians discovered Arithmetic and Geometric progression. Arithmetic progression is explained in Yajurveda. Madhavacharya discovered Newton Power series. Govindaswamin discovered Newton Gauss Interpolation formula about 1800 years before Newton. Madhavacharya discovered Gregory Leibnitz series for the Inverse Tangent Vateswaracharya discovered Newton Gauss about 280 years before Gregory. Backward Interpolation formula about 1000 y years before Newton. Madhavacharya discovered Leibnitz power Parameswaracharya discovered Lhuiler’s series for pi about 300 years before formula about 400 years before Lhuiler. Leibnitz. Nilakanta discovered Newton’s Infinite Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken Geometric P G i Progression convergent series. i i by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of Positive and Negative numbers and their years before the astronomer Smart. Time calculations were explained first by taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) Brahmagupta in his book Brahmasputa 365.258756484 days Siddhanta. Siddhanta Infinity was well known for ancient Aryabhatta also propounded the Heliocentric theory of gravitation, thus Indians. Bhaskaracharya II in predating Copernicus by almost one thousand Beejaganitha(stanza-20) has given clear y years. explanation with examples f i fi i l i ih l for infinity
  • The Surya Siddhanta, A textbook on astronomy of ancient India, last compiled in 1000 BC, believed to be handed down from 3000 BC by aid of complex mnemonic recital methods still known today. Showed the Earth's diameter to be 7,840 miles, compared to modern measurements of 7,926.7 miles. Showed the distance between the Earth and the Moon as 253,000 miles, Compared to modern measurements of 252,710 miles.
  • India The value of "pi" was first calculated p Maharshi Sushruta is the father of by Boudhayana, and he explained surgery. 2600 years ago he and health h dh lh the concept of what is known as the scientists of his time conducted Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered complicated surgeries like caesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, this in the 6th century long before the y g urinary stones and even plastic European mathematicians. This was surgery. ‘validated’ by British scholars in 1999. Usage of anaesthesia was well Algebra, trigonometry and calculus g , g y known in ancient India. Over 125 came from India. Quadratic equations surgical equipments were used. were propounded by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, p ys o ogy, aet o ogy, e b yo ogy, physiology, aetiology, embryology, The largest numbers the Greeks and digestion, metabolism, genetics and the Romans used were 106 whereas immunity is also found in many texts. Hindus used numbers as big as 1053 with specific names as early as 5000 p y W When many cultures were only y w y BC during the Vedic period. Even nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 today, the largest used number is Tera: years ago, Indians established 1012. Harappan culture in the Sindhu Valley Civilization.
  • K Kalarippayat - Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC pp y g f Kerala, South India, guardians of the origins of modern martial-arts, influenced by Yoga and connected to the ancient Indian sciences of war (dhanur-veda) and medicine (ayur-veda). The origin of kung-fu begins with the legend of a monk named Bodhidharma (also known as Ta Mo) who travelled from India to China around 500 A.D.
  • The Encyclopaedia Britannica says: "Man must have an original cradle land whence the peopling of the earth was brought about by migration. g y g As to man’s cradle land, there have been many theories but the weight of evidence is in favour of Indo-Malaysia.” "If there is a country on earth which can justly claim the honour of having been the cradle of the Human race or at least the scene of primitive civilization, the successive developments of which carried into all parts of the ancient world and even b d the bl i of knowledge which is the second life of man, ld d beyond, h blessings f k l d hi h i h d lif f that country is assuredly India.“
  • Future F t r
  • Secular Tolerance "In India today, we h a lady born a Catholic (Sonia Gandhi) have l d b C th li (S i G dhi) stepping aside so a Sikh (Manmohan Singh) could be sworn in by a Muslim president (Abdul Kalam) to lead a nation that's 82% Hindu. that s Hindu I defy anyone to cite another country with such diversity and df i h i h h di i d tolerance to its political leadership."
  • Goldman Sachs Report of 1 October, 2003 – "Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050" Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050 India's GDP will reach $ 1 trillion by 2011, $ 2 trillion by 2020, $ 3 trillion by 2025, $ 6 trillion by 2032, $ 10 trillion by 2038, and $ 27 trillion by 2050, b becoming the 3rd largest economy after USA and China. In terms of GDP, India will overtake Italy by the year 2016, France by 2019, UK by 2022, 2019 2022 Germany by 2023, and Japan by 2032.
  • Progress during the last 20 years Poverty (incidence) 1980s 1980 1990s 1990 2000 44% 36% 26% Education (literacy rate) 1980s 1990s 2000 44% 52% 65% Health (life H l h (lif expectancy) ) 1980s 1990s 2000 56 60 69 Source: World Bank (2003)
  • Ex‐Prime Minister, Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee S i At l Bih i V j A treaty was signed on 6 January, 2004, establishing a South Asian Free Trade Area among the seven SAARC countries (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives) in the region. India I di committed to a South A i U i as the ultimate objective, with i d S h Asian Union h li bj i ih mutual security cooperation, open borders and a single currency in Southern Asia in the long run. "The bonds of ethnicity and culture which hold together the peoples of this region are more enduring than the barriers of p political p j prejudice that have been erected q quite recently.“ y ”….Friends, India is ready to do everything that is necessary, to walk as many extra miles as may be required, to make this vision a reality. reality.”
  • Dr Abdul Kalam, President of India,  father of India’s space, missile and satellite programme and author of “India  2020 Vision”. “I have three visions f I di ” h h ii for India.” 1. “ In 3000 years of our history people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands, conquered our minds. From Alexander onwards. The Greeks, the Turks, the Moguls, the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted g , g , , , , us, took over what was ours. Yet we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history and tried to enforce our way of life on them. Why? Because we respect the freedom of others. That is why my first vision is that of p y y FREEDOM. I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started the war of independence. It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and build on. If we are not free, no one will respect us. “ 2. My second vision for India is DEVELOPMENT. For fifty years we have been a developing nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. We are among top 5 nations of the world in terms of GDP. We have 10% growth rate in most areas. Our poverty levels are falling. Our achievements are being globally recognized today. Yet we lack the self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation, self-reliant and self-assured. 3. I have a THIRD vision. India must stand up to the world. Because I believe that unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power Both must go power. hand-in-hand.”
  • India’s population to be the largest in the world India is set to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by 2050. ti b 2050 India’s population is expected to grow from 1.08bn to 1.63bn people 1 63bn people, overtaking China which is forecast to China, reach 1.44bn from 1.3bn currently. India, will also have the highest working population in the World W ld — 700 million people out of 1 1 billion people are illi l t f 1.1 billi l young; the young population will continue till 2050.
  • If you want to give time to Nation  Contact Details  l • Mr. Tejas Shah‐Gujarat region j j g Social Worker for the upliftment of a rural India  inspired by Lahiri Guruji • Th Through Spirituality internal growth of a person  h S i it lit i t l th f • By that Economic development of a people and their  village and contribution to national economy village and contribution to national economy • And by that India’s development and overall growth • Email:tejasshah81180@gmail.com j g Jai‐ Hind