Joshua ratliff powerpoint presentation - desertification

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Joshua ratliff powerpoint presentation - desertification

  1. 1. Desertification of theAfrican Sahel<br />Fact or Fiction?<br />
  2. 2. First: A definition.<br /><ul><li> Transformation of a habitable land to a desert
  3. 3. Loss of biodiversity</li></ul>Causes:<br /><ul><li> Destruction of indigenous plant life
  4. 4. Overgrazing
  5. 5. Overutilization
  6. 6. Climate change</li></li></ul><li>Life of Poverty<br />Long lines for water<br />Lack of sustained food stocks<br />Livestock underfed<br />Shelter damaged by sandstorms<br />Poor home quality<br />
  7. 7. Hardships<br />Failing crops<br />Starving livestock<br />Lack of water<br />Encroachment of sand dunes<br />Forced relocation<br />
  8. 8. “The People”<br />Mostly nomadic herders.<br />Some millet and peanut farmers<br />Diverse and rapidly growing population<br />From 1970 to 1980<br />300,000 people <br />And 5 million livestock<br />Died<br />
  9. 9. Causes<br />Overutilization of land<br />Livestock Overpopulation<br />Increased farming<br />Land clearing<br />Increased soil erosion/degradation<br />Improper irrigation<br />Destruction of natural plants for firewood/homes<br />Increase in population<br />
  10. 10. Causes Continued<br />Trend of reduced rainfall<br />Reducing indigenous plant presence<br />Disappearance of water sources<br />Lack of preventive efforts<br />The people<br />The government<br />
  11. 11. Controversy<br />Climate change trend<br />Reduced rainfall each year<br />Rising ocean temperatures<br />Wind erosion<br />Dust storms<br />Nitrogen cycle<br />
  12. 12. Combating the Problem<br />Restoration of plant life<br />Replanting of indigenous plants<br />Conservation<br />protection<br />Dune control<br />Fences<br />Grasses<br />Other<br />Water utilization<br />More efficient irrigation<br />Storage<br />Reduced erosion<br />Stopping waste<br />Regulation <br />Livestock<br />Farming<br />Irrigation<br />Land clearing<br />
  13. 13. Organizations<br />USDESA-DSD – National panel for funding of restoration<br />Sahel Opera Project – Album promoting change<br />International Fund for Agricultural Development – Funding program for restoration<br />AOSIS <br />Land and Development Solutions International – Land Development<br />Eden Foundation – Self Sufficiency through knowledge<br />UNEP – Surveyors for restoration<br />
  14. 14. Which Will it Be?<br />

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