Anchored in: Social Studies…All based in a reality outside of the human experience. Bottom line of organization management by scientific management by science management = efficienty/school of thought focused on profitability-aim to work faster, harder and produce more.
Most of the business literature has the veneer of social science and remove the human interiority. The social scientist observes actions but not the beliefs that prompt the actions
Dewey’s distinction proposes leadership as knowledge and leadership as art. Performance is concerned with application, art is usually embedded in a variety of moral or value discourses.
Educational leadership Recentered in the humanities Reemerged as a guide for improvement
As humans we are known to ask questions such as What is the meaning of existence; Why was I born, Why am I here , Wher do I go when I die? We struggle to fine answers to these questions and the very fact that we can ask them defines human condition.
Michael studied the history of social power; he found that History does not repeat itself—World history develops, the most difficult problems of our times are novel- and this is why they are difficult to solve. The life writings approach is postmodern because the value of the life writing is what is revealed from the discontinuities, the ruptures and dissimilarities rather than the continuities.
Winston Churchill was blamed for the Gallipoli Campaign of WWI but praised for leading UK to victory in WWII. The difficult question in understanding how Churchill he was so wrong about the Gallipoli? Although he paid the political price for the failure and under estimating proficiency of the Turks at Gaallipoli, history and biography have combined to show his siens of strateyg was as good as ever. What we can learn from a leader who has made mistakes but still remains larger in death than in life is according Mann, understanding leadership involves more that a simpls calculus of behaviors or results or recurrent themes based on surveys; what must be restored to the field of educational leadership are lives, intentions, interactions, and contexts in which leaders labor and an understanding of the objectives they are pursuing. To complete Mann’s perspective on Churchill- a quote that will b=remind you of one we all heard after 911-
Samier in 2005 conducted a study to investigate Administration as a humanities discipline, in the study she submitted when considering whether literature or stories is science- that the best stories are those which stir people’s minds,, hearts, an souls and by so doing give them new insights into themselves, their problems and their human condition.
Interiorities of the character were revealed in his own thought processes
Greenleaf’s course of study included humanities disciplines including music, art, literature, philosophy and history. In addition his philosophy that there is too much of a tendency to deal with unresovled social issues with system approaches, his proposal was to turn hierarchical organization chart into a circle similar to a Quaker meeting. Greenleaf was motivated by quaker believe
Dr. English commented that Mandela Son of Africa is an inspiring film in which leadership, communication, context, and culture come together in real time sequences.
Ch. 7 Balanching Performance and Accountability by Fenwick W. English, PhD
Chapter 7 – (Dr. Fenwick W. English)<br />The Art of Educational Leadership<br />Balancing Performance and Accountability<br />Loretta A. Terry<br />William Allan Kritsonis, PhD<br />
Chapter 7<br />Balancing Performance and Accountability<br />Loretta A. Terry<br />William Allan Kritsonis, PhD<br />
How can we fully comprehend what artful performers do?<br /> If we cannot permit ourselves to fully comprehend the nature of leadership because of how we have chosen to define or view it, we should stop using methods and models that leave us perpetually ignorant and unable to adequately grasp what expert practitioners who are supremely artful performer really do<br /> (English 2008).<br />
Traditional Notions of Leadership<br /><ul><li>Social Sciences
Too generalizing</li></li></ul><li>PerformancePerformance is anchored in the essential core of every leader’s deeply held beliefs that not only guide him or her in a role of leadership, but actively shape the world and define the issues in it (English, 2008).<br />
Accountability<br /> Educational leaders are accountable for everything in the educational system from:<br /><ul><li>policy to practice
School safety to teacher retention</li></li></ul><li>Dewey’s Distinction<br />Leadership<br />John Dewey’s Distinction<br />Art<br /> Values of Moral Discourse<br />Science Limitations on Empiricism<br />Applied Practice<br />Problem of Definition <br />Performance<br />
To advance educational leadership as a field of professional studies intellectually and practically in the 21st century a better balance between science and art of leading must emerge (English, 2008).<br />
Cultural Studies</li></li></ul><li> The case for the study of educational leadership through humanities<br />Michael Mann(2003)<br />Time to reinsert “life “ into school administration<br />by expanding the context of what constitutes<br />appropriate text for educational leadership<br />preparation. Examination of life writings<br />contains a full range of human actions.<br />
Introspection</li></li></ul><li>Learning Extension<br /><ul><li>Elizabeth -1998</li></ul> Staring CateBlanchett<br /> Daughter of Henry VII becomes queen of England and shrewdly leads the country. The queen negotiates her way to consolidate her authority in a divided land between Catholics and Protestants.<br />
Learning Extension <br />Documentary of<br />LNelson Mandela ‘s life.<br />Contains footage of<br />Mandela’s sojourn back to<br />Robben Island where<br />spent two decades in<br />prison. Portrays Mandel’s<br />leadership style and work<br />ethics as president of South<br />Africa.<br />
Concluding Reflection Questions<br /><ul><li>What do you actually know about the leader (s) you most admire?
What are the characteristics that stand out in you mind about them?
What did the leaders actually do to merit being a leader?
What types of contexts did your leaders encounter?</li></li></ul><li>Leadership<br />The day soldiers stop bringing you their problems is the day you have stopped leading them. They have either lost confidence that you <br />can help them or <br />concluded that you do not care. <br />Either case is a failure of leadership”<br />Colin Powell<br />