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Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ºíººãèéí õºãæèë Õîðüäóãààð çóóíä ÀÍÓ-ä ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí õÿìðàë  ( Software crisis )  ãàðñàí áºãººä ýí...
Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ºíººãèéí õºãæèë <ul><li>1995 îíû áàéäëààð  “Standish Group”  êîìïàíè ÀÍÓ-ûí ïðîãðàì÷ëàëûí 364 êîðïîðàöè...
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(1) Functionality : Õýðýãëýã÷èéí ôóíêöèîíàëü øààðäëàãûã á¿ðýí õàíãàñàí  ( àëäààã¿é ) (2) Reliability : Ñèñòåìèéí íàéäâàðòà...
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ÌÒ  (Module   Test)   -  Òóõàéí êîäûã áè÷ñýí ïðîãðàìèñò ìîäóëèéíõàà äîòîîä ëîãèêèéã øàëãàõ òåñò þì. IT (Integration Test) ...
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Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ¿íýëãýý:  ÕÓÃÀÖÀÀ -  DELIVERY
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Lecture 4

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  • Lecture 4

    1. 1. Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ¿íýëãýýíèé àñóóäàë Ëåêö- 4 Áàãø: Б.Мөнхтуул 2008-2009 îíû õè÷ýýëèéí æèë
    2. 2. Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ºíººãèéí õºãæèë Õîðüäóãààð çóóíä ÀÍÓ-ä ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí õÿìðàë ( Software crisis ) ãàðñàí áºãººä ýíý íü ãàð÷ áóé á¿õ ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ºðòºã òºñ⺺ñºº õýòýð÷ òºëºâëºñºí ãðàôèêò õóãàöààíààñàà õîöðîõ ¿çýãäýë äýýä öýãòýý õ¿ðñýí, ìºí ãàðñàí ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæóóä øààðäëàãàòàé ÷àíàðûí ò¿âøèíä õ¿ðýõýý áàéñàí ÿâäàë þì.
    3. 3. Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ºíººãèéí õºãæèë <ul><li>1995 îíû áàéäëààð “Standish Group” êîìïàíè ÀÍÓ-ûí ïðîãðàì÷ëàëûí 364 êîðïîðàöè, êîìïàíèóäûã õàìðóóëàí òýäãýýðèéí ã¿éöýòãýñýí 20 ìÿíãà ãàðóé ïðîãðàì÷ëàëûí òºñëèéí ã¿éöýòãýëä ñóäàëãàà øèíæèëãýý õèéæýý. ¯ð ä¿íä íü: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ǻâõºí 16.2 õóâü íü õóãàöààíäàà, òºëºâëºñºí çàðäëàà õýòð¿¿ëýëã¿é, øààðäàãäàõ ÷àíàðûí ò¿âøèíä õèéãäæýý. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>52.7 õóâü íü õóãàöààíû õîöðîãäîëòîé, çàðäëàà èõ áàãà õýìæýýãýýð õýòð¿¿ëñýí, òàâèãäñàí øààðäëàãàä íèéöñýí á¿òýýãäýõ¿¿í ãàðãàæ ÷àäààã¿é </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ïðîãðàì÷ëàëûí òºñë¿¿äèéí 31,1 õóâü íü çîãññîí </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. ÕÓÃÀÖÀÀ /áîãèíî õóãàöààíä/ - Á àãà çàðäëààð ( çàðèìäàà èõ ) - ×àíàð ìóóòàé Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèé í ¿íýëãýý Òýíöâýðòýé àâ ÷ ¿çýõ øààäëàãàòàé ×ÀÍÀÐ /÷àíàðòàé/ - Óäààí õóãàöàà íä - Èõ çàðäëààð Õ¿íèé íººö ÇÀÐÄÀË /áàãà çàðäëààð/ - Áîãèíî õóãàöààíä - × àíàð ìóóòàé
    5. 5. Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ¿íýëãýý: ×ÀÍÀÐ - QUALITY
    6. 6. Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ¿íýëãýý: ×ÀÍÀÐ <ul><li>Òºñºë íü îëîí ñàëáàð øèíæëýõ óõààíóóäàä õýðýãæäýã áºãººä òýäãýýðèéí íýã íü ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí òºñºë þì. </li></ul><ul><li>Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí òºñºë íü áóñàä òºñë¿¿äýýñ äàðààõ øèíæ ÷àíàðààð ÿëãàãäàíà. ¯¿íä: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Òåõíèê òåõíîëîãèéí õºãæèë äýíä¿¿ õóðäàöòàé </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Òºñëèéí àæëûí ÿâöûã õÿíàõàä ò¿âýãòýé </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Òºñëèéí ýõýí ¿åä õºãæ¿¿ëýõ ÏÕ-í òîäîðõîéëîëò, ôóíêöèîíàëü øààðäëàãóóä íü á¿ðõýã áàéäàã </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>×àíàðûí òîãòñîí ñòàíäàðò ãýæ áàéõã¿é... </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. ×àíàðò òàâèõ øààðäëàãà <ul><li>Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ÷àíàð ãýæ þó áîëîõ òàëààð îäîî õ¿ðòýë ìàðãààíòàé àñóóäëóóäûí íýã юм. </li></ul><ul><li>Þóíû ò¿ð¿¿íä ÷àíàð ãýæ þó âý? </li></ul><ul><li>Я àæ ÷àíàðòàé á¿òýýãäýõ¿¿í áîëîâñðóóëàõ àðãà ç¿éã òîäîðõîéëñîí áàéõ øààðäëàãàòàé. Ýäãýýð àñóóäëóóäûã øèéäâýðëýñýíèé äàðààãààð ãîëîãäîëòîé á¿òýýãäýõ¿¿íèé òàëààð ø¿¿ìæëýëòýé õàíäàæ áîëîõ þì. </li></ul><ul><li>Ïðîãðàìûí á¿òýýãäýõ¿¿íèé ÷àíàðò òàâèõ ãîë ¿íäñýí øààðäëàãóóäûã æàãñààâàë: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(1) Þó ã¿éöýòãýõ çîðèëãîòîé áàéíà ò¿¿íèéãýý ë ã¿éöýòãýõ àæèëãààòàé áàéõ. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(2) Òàâüñàí øààðäëàãàä õàìààðàëã¿é ç¿éëèéã ã¿éöýòãýäýãã¿é áàéõ. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(3) Òîãòìîë àæèëãààòàé áà äýñ äàðààëàëòàé áàéõ. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(4) Íàéäâàðòàé àæèëãààòàé áàéõ. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(5) Õýðýãëýã÷äèéí õýðýãëýýíèé øààðäëàãàä òîõèðñîí õýðýãëýæ áîëîõóéö. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(6) ªºð÷ëºæ áîëîõóéö, ºðãºòãºæ áîëîõ. Õîæìûí øèíý÷ëýëò çàñâàðëàëò. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Ýíý øààðäëàãóóäûí õîîðîíäûí õàìààðëûã äàðààõü 4-í õýñýãò õóâààæ áîëíî. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) , (2) нь : Çîðèëãîî õàíãàñàí ýñýõèéã øàëãàõ øààðäëàãóóä. </li></ul><ul><li>( 3) , (4) íü : Àæèëëàõ ÷àäâàðòàé õîëáîîòîé øààðäëàãà. </li></ul><ul><li>(5) íü : Õýðýãëýã÷äèéí õýðýãöýýã õàíãàñàí ýñýõèéã øàëãàõ øààðäëàãà. </li></ul><ul><li>( 6) íü : Õýòäýý õºãæ¿¿ëýõ áîëîìæòîé ýñýõèéã õàðóóëñàí øààðäëàãà. ªºðººð õýëáýë öààøäûí ¿éë÷èëãýýòýé ýñýõèéã õàðóóëíà. </li></ul><ul><li>×àíàð ãýäýã íü òîâ÷îîð òóõàéí ïðîãðàìûí á¿òýýãäýõ¿¿íèéã á¿ðýí ã¿éöýä çºâ áîëîâñðóóëñàí þì ãýäãèéã øàëãàæ õàðóóëñàí, á¿òýýãäýõ¿¿íèéã õ¿ëýýëãýí ºãºõ人 áàòàëæ íîòîëñîí ïðîöåññ þì. </li></ul>×àíàðò òàâèõ øààðäëàãà
    9. 9. (1) Functionality : Õýðýãëýã÷èéí ôóíêöèîíàëü øààðäëàãûã á¿ðýí õàíãàñàí ( àëäààã¿é ) (2) Reliability : Ñèñòåìèéí íàéäâàðòàé àæèëëàãààã á¿ðýí õàíãàñàí ( 3 ) Efficiency : ÿéöýòãýëèéí õóðä íü çààñàí õýìæýýã õàíãàñàí ( 4 ) Usability : Õýðýãëýõýä õÿëáàð áàéõ (5) Maintainability : Çàñâàðëàëò, øèíý÷ëýëò õèéõýä õÿëáàð áàéõ (6) Portability : Àâñààðõàí (7) Flexibility : Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ÷àíàðûí ¿ç¿¿ëýëò¿¿ä: Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ¿íýëãýý: ×ÀÍÀÐ
    10. 10. Functionality Reliability Usability Efficiency Maintainability Portability Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí îíöëîã äýýð ¿íäýñëýí ò¿¿íèé ÷àíàðûí ñòàíäàðòûã òîãòîîíî. Ýíýõ¿¿ ÷àíàðûí ñòàíäàðò íü õýðýãëýã÷èéí õ¿ñýë ñîíèðõîëä íèéöýõ ¸ñòîé. Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ¿íýëãýý: ×ÀÍÀÐ 0 1 2 3 4 5
    11. 11. Òåñò÷èëýë íü ÏÕ-í ÷àíàðò íºëººëºõ íü: Áóñàä ñèñòåì Ñèñòåì ST Ïðîãðàì MT I T ST M îäóëü OT IT OT Ñèñòåì User
    12. 12. ÌÒ (Module Test) - Òóõàéí êîäûã áè÷ñýí ïðîãðàìèñò ìîäóëèéíõàà äîòîîä ëîãèêèéã øàëãàõ òåñò þì. IT (Integration Test) – Ìîäóëü áîëîí ïðîãðàì õîîðîíäûí õàðèëöàí õàìààðëûã øàëãàõ áºãººä ìîäóëèéí òåñò÷èëýëèéí äàðàà õèéãääýã. ST (System Test) – Òóõàéí ÏÕ-í øààðäëàãàä òóñãàãäñàí ôóíêöóóäûã òîãòîîñîí ã¿éöýòãýëèéí õóðäààð ã¿éöýòãýæ ÷àäàæ áàéãàà ýñýõèéã øàëãàõ áºãººä ñèñòåì õºãæ¿¿ëýã÷èä íü óã òåñò÷èëýëèéã íýâòð¿¿ëýõ áèçíåñ îð÷èíä íü õýðýãæ¿¿ëäýã. OT (Operation Test) -¯¿íèéã çàðèìäàà õ¿ëýýí àâàõ ¿åèéí òåñò (acceptance test) õýìýýäýã. Íýâòð¿¿ëýëò ýõëýõýýñ ºìíº õýðýãëýã÷èéí òºëººëëèéã ýíýõ¿¿ òåñò÷èëýëä òàòàí îðîëöóóëàõ áºãººä ýíý òåñò÷èëýëèéí ¿åýð ìºí õýðýãëýã÷èéã ñóðãàõ ïðîöåññ ÿâàãääàã. Òåñò÷èëýë íü ÏÕ-í ÷àíàðò íºëººëºõ íü:
    13. 13. Àëäàà íü äàðààãèéí ¿å øàòóóäàä ñºð㺺ð íºëººëºõ íü Ñèñòåì Äýä ñèñòåì Ïðîãðàì Ìîäóë Øèíæèëãýý Çîõèîìæ Ïðîãðàìûí çîõèîìæ Ìîäóëèéí çîõèîìæ × × × × × × × ×: Àëäàà /bug/ Àëäààã ýõíèé ¿å øàòóóäàä èëð¿¿ëýõ íü ÷ óõàë
    14. 14. Ïðîãðàì÷ëàëûí òºñëèéí àìæèëòàíä ñºð㺺ð íºëººëºõ õ¿÷èí ç¿éëñ <ul><li>ÿéöýòãýõ ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèä òàâèãäàõ øààðäëàãà, áîäëîãûí äààëãàâðûã áóðóó ýñâýë äóòóó òîäîðõîéëîõ </li></ul><ul><li>Ýöñèéí õýðýãëýã÷èéã áîëîí çàõèàëàã÷èéí òºëººëëèéã ïðîãðàì÷ëàëûí òºñºëä òàòàí îðîëöóóëàõã¿é îðõèãäóóëàõ </li></ul><ul><li>Øààðäëàãàòàé íººö áîëîëöîî äóòàãäàõ </li></ul><ul><li>Òºñëèéí óäèðäàã÷ àæëûí òºëºâëºãºº, àæèë ¿¿ðýãèéí õóâààðü, àæèë÷èä õîîðîíäûí óÿëäàà õîëáîîã øààðäëàãàòàé ò¿âøèíä çîõèîí áàéãóóëæ ¿ë ÷àäàõ </li></ul><ul><li>ÿéöýòãýëèéí ÿâöàä çàõèàëàã÷ààñ íýìýëò íºõöºë, ººð÷ëºëò¿¿ä òàâèãäàõàä äàñàí çîõèöîæ ¿ë ÷àäàõ </li></ul><ul><li>Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæ áîëîâñðóóëæ áóé òåõíîëîãèóä íü øèíý áºãººä òýäãýýðèéã á¿ðýí àøèãëàõ äàäàë, òóðøèëãà äóòàõ </li></ul><ul><li>Ïðîãðàìèññòóóäûí ìýäëýã ÷àäâàðûí ò¿âøèí äóòàãäàõ </li></ul>
    15. 15. Ïðîãðàì÷ëàëûí òºñëèéã ã¿éöýòãýõýä àíõààðàõ ç¿éëñ <ul><li>Òîäîðõîé ÏÕ-ã çààñàí õóãöààíû èíòåðâàëä, ìýðãýæëèéí ºíäºð </li></ul><ul><li>ò¿âøèíä ã¿éöýòãýõèéí òóëä äàðààõ ç¿éëñèéã ìºðäëºã áîëãîí </li></ul><ul><li>áàðèìòëàõ íü ç¿éòýé. ¯¿íä: </li></ul><ul><li>Àæëûí áàãò õýðýãëýã÷èéí òºëººëëèéã èäýâõèòýé îðîëöóóëàõ </li></ul><ul><li>ªã뺺 á¿ð áîãèíî õýìæýýíèé óóëçàëò çîõèîí áàéãóóëàõ </li></ul><ul><li>Íýãäñýí íýã íýð òîìú¸îíû õýëëýã, êîä÷èëîëûí ñòàíäàðòûã áàðèìòëàõ </li></ul><ul><li>ÏÕ-ã õàìãèéí ýíãèéí îéëãîìæòîéãîîð çîõèîí áàéãóóëàõ </li></ul><ul><li>Ïðîãðàìûí ìîäóëü áîëãîíûã ñàéòàð òåñò÷èëæ áàéõ </li></ul><ul><li>Ïðîãðàìûã õîñîîð íü àæëóóëàõ çàìààð øèíý àæèëòíûã ñóðãàõ, àëäààã íü íýã íýðýýð íü õÿíóóëàõ... </li></ul>
    16. 16. Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæèéí ¿íýëãýý: ÇÀÐÄÀË - COST
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