The objective of the Act is to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
NREGA - Overview Salient Features
• Employment to all those who are willing to work (100 days)
Unlimited supply of funds for this project
Free registration with a job guarantee within 15 days of application
At least 1/3 rd of the employees must be women
Fixed minimum wage rate and no upper limit
Weekly disbursement of wages and delays not beyond a fortnight
Objective of NREGA
Expectation from NREGA
√ supplement employment opportunity
√ Regenerate natural resource base of rural livelihood for sustainable development
• Process Outcomes
√ Strengthen grass root processes of democracy
√ Infuse transparency and accountability in governance
Key Processes of Implementation Application for job card Issue of job card Demand for employment Work allocation Payment of wages Selection of works Approval of shelf of projects Informing village PRI Preparation of estimates And approvals Acknowledgement of demand Maintenance of muster roll Verification
Other Institution mm Central employment guarantee Council Gram panchyat Others Ministry of rural development Rural employment guarantee scheme State employment guarantee council Intermediate Panchayat Dist. Panchayat Dist. Program co-coordinator Program me Officer Gram Sahbha
Key Stakeholders are:
PRIs, specially the gram panchayat
Programme Officer at the block level
District Programme Coordinator
Ministry of Rural Development
Fund 2010-11 MGNREGA
Allocation of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme raised to Rs 40,100 bn in FY10-11
Component of expenditure
Expenditure on wage
× Participation of women
Regenerating natural resource base of rural livelihood
Focused on three components : Capacity Building
Information & knowledge (What to do ?)
Methods & techniques (How to do ?)
Motivation (Why to do) ?
Time bound Action Plan
Outcome : Effective & Efficient implementation
Work Planning & Execution
Participatory Decentralised Planning of works
Standard Check List for examination of AAP’s
Focuss on Natural Resource Management :
Transparency & Accountability
Social Audit : Soul of Empowerment & Guarantee
Social Audit Manual
NGO’s being given a wider role
Two Model districts being setup
Social Audit completed in all the Panchayats
Social Audit by MKSS – A reputed NGO
NGO and MGNRGEA (social audit of NRGEA State of Rajasthan)
The social audits proposed that addressing basic issues :
adequate honorarium and allowance to elected representatives,
Increasing administrative, technical and managerial staff at the lowest level
Establishing responsibility for proper maintenance of records
Scope for possible monetary deviations and reduce the slack in implementation.
Transparency measures: labor and material
Muster rolls: reduced delays in wage payment and non-payment of wages
Large numbers of men and women have attended the public hearings held as part of the audits to testify against false records and register their discontent
Awareness Generation and Capacity Building on NREGS(CAPART )
Social mobilization and awareness generation through door to door contact campaign, village convention, personal contact programmes.
Training of NREGA workforce, members of village vigilance and monitoring committee, members of Gram Panchayat and Gram Rozgar Sewak on NREGA procedure and their roles.
Enabling local community to apply under NREGA for various entitlements covered under its legal guarantee.
Enabling NREGA workforce to verify the benefits due to them, inter alia, their muster rolls, and job cards entries.
Submitting reports as desired by the Ministry
(1) Job Cards ( in the custody of workers)
(2) Muster Rolls,
(3) Measurement Books and
(4) Asset Registers
(1) Acceptance of employment application,
(2) Issue of dated receipts,
(3) Time bound work allocation and wage payment,
(4) Citizen Information Boards at worksites,
(5) Vigilance Monitoring Committees,
(6) Regular block, district and
state level inspections
(7) social audits
Jharkhand, is to plug loopholes in the system
In Haryana, women like Santosh told us that the Sarpanch who has to implement the work plan had been discouraging. He had also refused to mark their attendance or pay minimum wages.
In Jharkhand, one of the worst performing states, Chabutri Devi got her job card in January 2007 but all she has to show since then is just 22 days of work. Worse she has not been paid her wages.
Experts say the problem is an unstable political environment and the fact that implementing institutions like the Panchayati Raj are absent from the state.
Issues of NREGA
Lack of initiative on the part of Sarpanch and the TDOs
Lack of awareness at the Taluka and Village level despite intensive IEC activities
Failure on the part of District Administration to get the village plan implemented.
Lack of desire among the people to undertake NREGA works.
Non involvement of line Departments in implementation of NREGA