Lesson 1.1<br />Complex Carbs<br />
Introduction<br />Goal<br />To understand the place of carbs in the diet<br />Determine the ideal type of carbs<br />Guidi...
What are Carbs?<br />Carbohydrates (aka carbs) fuel the body<br />There are three kinds of carbs<br />Simple<br />Complex<...
Complex VS Simple. Difference?<br />Carbs are a bunch of sugar molecules attached together<br />Simple carbs are made of f...
Your body can only use sugar pieces<br />Hence, you digest the carbs into pieces, or glucose<br />The bigger the carb, the...
Benefits?<br />Steady energy<br />Fewer insulin spikes<br />
Are simple carbs good too?<br />Apples are sweet. They have lots of simple sugars.<br />An apple a day keeps the doctor aw...
Glycemic Index<br />Glycemic Index: measure of how fast carbs are absorbed from food<br />80 = Fast<br />20 = Slow<br />Cr...
1 slice White bread<br />1 apple<br />13 grams of carbs<br />11 grams are complex<br />Glycemic Index: <br />64 – 87<br />...
Where to get it?<br />Look for the words starch and sugars under carbohydrates<br />Or calculate it<br />Starches = Total ...
Finally<br />The complex and simple strategy is the easiest “rule” we can follow<br />Of the 2000 – 3000 calories we need ...
Next<br />Turn to Support 1.1<br />Take notes in Summary Notes<br />Review and complete questions<br />Go onto Lesson 1.2:...
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Mar 27 Lesson 1 1

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  • It takes a longer time to extract all the energy from the carb
  • Steady energy: no mid afternoon crashes. Fewer insluin spikes:Body responds to sugar with insulin. Too much sugar in the blood at one time (such as after eating), causes insluin spikes.Too many spikes is bad (type 2 diabetes)
  • In science, when plants make their food, they actually make glucose.Glucose is the simpliest sugar.
  • Mar 27 Lesson 1 1

    1. 1. Lesson 1.1<br />Complex Carbs<br />
    2. 2. Introduction<br />Goal<br />To understand the place of carbs in the diet<br />Determine the ideal type of carbs<br />Guiding Question<br />What are carbs?<br />What are complex carbs?<br />Benefits of complex carbs?<br />The exceptions to the”rule”?<br />Where to get complex carbs?<br />
    3. 3. What are Carbs?<br />Carbohydrates (aka carbs) fuel the body<br />There are three kinds of carbs<br />Simple<br />Complex<br />Dietary fiber<br />
    4. 4. Complex VS Simple. Difference?<br />Carbs are a bunch of sugar molecules attached together<br />Simple carbs are made of few sugar “pieces” or “units”<br />Complex carbs are made of thousands of sugar pieces<br />
    5. 5. Your body can only use sugar pieces<br />Hence, you digest the carbs into pieces, or glucose<br />The bigger the carb, the harder it is to extract the glucose<br />1000 pieces > 2 pieces<br />
    6. 6. Benefits?<br />Steady energy<br />Fewer insulin spikes<br />
    7. 7. Are simple carbs good too?<br />Apples are sweet. They have lots of simple sugars.<br />An apple a day keeps the doctor away<br />How?<br />
    8. 8. Glycemic Index<br />Glycemic Index: measure of how fast carbs are absorbed from food<br />80 = Fast<br />20 = Slow<br />Created for the exceptions<br />
    9. 9. 1 slice White bread<br />1 apple<br />13 grams of carbs<br />11 grams are complex<br />Glycemic Index: <br />64 – 87<br />More complex<br />Unhealthy<br />17 grams of carbs<br />1 gram from complex<br />Glycemic Index<br />38<br />Less complex<br />Very healthy<br />
    10. 10. Where to get it?<br />Look for the words starch and sugars under carbohydrates<br />Or calculate it<br />Starches = Total carbs – fiber – sugars <br />
    11. 11. Finally<br />The complex and simple strategy is the easiest “rule” we can follow<br />Of the 2000 – 3000 calories we need a day, 45 – 65 % of it comes from carbs<br />Might as well make it healthy carbs, eh?<br />
    12. 12. Next<br />Turn to Support 1.1<br />Take notes in Summary Notes<br />Review and complete questions<br />Go onto Lesson 1.2: Fiber<br />
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