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This is a presentation on the country, India. India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the......

This is a presentation on the country, India. India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi).It is bordered by Pakistan to the west;People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.

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  • 1. Designed by: Anand Chowdhary, Class 6 – C, The Mother’s International School
  • 2. Facts & Figures
  • 3. 5000 year Civilization
  • 4.
    • 325 languages spoken
    • 1,652 dialects
  • 5. 3.28 million sq. kilometers Area 7,516 kilometers Coastline
  • 6. 1,326,597,003 people in 2000
  • 7. Parliamentary form of Government
  • 8. Secular democratic constitution
  • 9. 4 th Largest Economy
  • 10. Worlds largest democracy since 60 years
  • 11. One of the fastest growing IT super power
  • 12. Indian Railways, the world’s biggest employer in the world
  • 13. Capital – New Delhi
  • 14. Largest City – Mumbai
  • 15. Currency – Indian Rupee
  • 16. Calling Code – +91
  • 17. Independence ( From United Kingdom) : 15 th August, 1947
  • 18. Transportation Facts
  • 19. DTC, The World’s largest Eco-friendly CNG Bus Service
  • 20. with 1.7M motorcycles a year is now the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world.
  • 21. has just presented its Gold World Excellence Award to India's Cooper Tyres.
  • 22. uzuki , which makes aruti in India has decided to make India its manufacturing, export and research hub outside Japan.
  • 23. Hyundai India is set to become the global small car hub for the Korean giant and will produce 25k Santros to start with.
  • 24. The prestigious UK automaker, MG Rover is marketing 100,000 Indica cars made by Tata in Europe, under its own name.
  • 25. Aston Martin contracted prototyping its latest luxury sports car, AM V8 Vantage, to an Indian-based designer and is set to produce the cheapest Aston Martin ever.
  • 26. Ministers
  • 27. President – Pratibha Patil
  • 28. Vice President – M. Hamid Ansari
  • 29. Prime Minister – Manmohan Singh
  • 30. Chief Justice – K. G. Balakrishnan
  • 31. Technology Superpower
  • 32. was the first to open operations in Bangalore, followed by Motorola, Intel, Cadence Design Systems and several others.
  • 33.
    • Geneva-based STMicroelectronics is one of the largest semiconductor companies to develop integrated circuits and software in India.
    • 80 of the World’s 117 SEI CMM Level-5 companies are based in India.
    • 5 Indian companies recently received the globally acclaimed Deming prize . This prize is given to an organization for rigorous total quality management (TQM) practices.
    • Flextronics, the $14 billion global major in Electronic Manufacturing Services, has announced that it will make India a global competence centre for telecom software development.
  • 34.
    • 15 of the world's major Automobile makers are obtaining components from Indian companies. This business fetched India $1.5 Billion in 2003, and will reach $15 Billion by 2007.
    • New emerging industries areas include, Bio-Informatics , Bio-Technology , Genomics , Clinical Research and Trials.
    • World-renowned TQM expert Yasutoshi Washio predicts that Indian manufacturing quality will overtake that of Japan in 2013.
    • McKinsey believes India's revenues from the IT industry will reach $87 Billion by 2008.
  • 35. Trade
  • 36.
    • Tata Motors paid $ 118 million to buy Daewoo commercial vehicle Company of Korea.
    • Ranbaxy, the largest Indian pharmaceutical company, gets 70% of its $1 billion revenue from overseas operations and 40% from The United States of America.
    • Tata Tea has bought Tetley of UK for £260M.
    • India is one of the world's largest diamond cutting and polishing centres, its exports were worth $6 Billion in 1999.
    • About 9 out of 10 diamond stones sold anywhere in the world, pass through India.
    • Garment exports are expected to increase from the current level of $6 billion to $25 billion by 2010.
    • The country's foreign exchange reserves stand at an all-time high of $120 Billion.
    Trade
  • 37.
    • India's trade with China grew by by 104% in 2002 and in the first 5 months of 2003, India has amassed a surplus in trade close to $0.5M.
    • Mobile phones are growing by about 1.5Million a month. Long distance rates are down by two-thirds in five years and by 80% for data transmission.
    • Wal-Mart sources $1 Billion worth of goods from India - half its apparel. Wal-Mart expects this to increase to $10 Billion in the next couple of years.
    • GAP sources about $600 million and Hilfiger $100 million worth of apparel from India.
    Trade
  • 38. History
  • 39. Mythology
  • 40. AUM or OM The first sound of the Almighty Oneness with the supreme
  • 41. G enerates - Brahma O bserves - Vishnu D estroys - Shiva Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva The Trinity Our GOD :
  • 42. The Great Indian Epics Ramayana Mahabharata Longest Epic in world literature with 100,000 two-line stanzas (DOHA) The first Indian epic
  • 43. Civilized Past
  • 44.
    • India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history.
    It is the only society in the world which has never known slavery. India was the richest country on Earth until the time of the British in the early 17th Century Robert Clive’s personal wealth amassed from the blunder of Bengal during 1750’s was estimated at around £401,102 It has been estimated that the total amount of treasure that the British looted from India had already reached £1,000,000,000 (£1Billion) by 1901. Taking into consideration interest rates and inflation this would be worth close to $1,000,000,000,000 ($1Trillion) in real-terms today. Civilized Past
  • 45.
    • Vedic Civilization
    • Indus & Saraswati Civilizations
    • Rise of Jainism and Buddhism
    • Mauryan Period
    • Golden Age of Indian Arts & Sciences
    • Muslim Invasions
    • The Mughal Empire
    • Portuguese Invasion
    • The British East-India Company
    • The British Empire
    • India's Freedom Struggle
    • Independence
    • Modern India 2020 Vision
    A Brief History of Time
  • 46. Hindi Languages Sanskrit Tamil Gujarati Urdu Punjabi Malayalam Bengali Marathi Konkani Kannada Assamese Telegu Oriya Rajasthani
  • 47. The Ancient Vedic Hymns Rig Veda - Knowledge of Hymns, 10,859 verses “ There is only one truth, only men describe it in different ways.“ Yajur Veda - Knowledge of Liturgy, 3,988 verses Sama Veda - Knowledge of Classical Music, 1,549 verses Ayur Veda - Knowledge of Medicine, over 100,000 verses Upanishads Jyotisha – Astrology and Astronomy. Kalpa – Rituals and Legal matters. Siksha – Phonetics. Aitareya – Creation of the Universe, Man and Evolution. Chandogya – Reincarnation, Soul. Kaushitaki – Karma. Kena – Austerity, Work, and Restraint. Dharnur Veda – Science of Archery and War. Mundaka – Discipline, Faith and warning of Ignorance. Sulba Sutra – Knowledge of Mathematics Yoga Sutra - Knowledge of Meditation Kama Sutra - Knowledge of Love and Sex
  • 48. Sanskrit ( संस्कृत ) Sanskrit was the classical language of India, older than Hebrew and Latin. It is the oldest, most scientific, systematic language in the world. It became the language of all cultured people in India and in the countries that were influenced by India. Sanskrit literally means “refined” or “perfected” 'measuring the earth’ 'measuring triangular forms‘ ‘ first person pronoun’ ‘ the same’ mother papa / father brother sister geometry trigonometry door me name smile equal matar pitar bhratar svasar gyaamti trikonamiti dvaar ma naman smi eka Sanskrit meaning English meaning Sanskrit word
  • 49. The Surya Siddhanta, A textbook on astronomy of ancient India, last compiled in 1000 BC, believed to be handed down from 3000 BC by aid of complex mnemonic recital methods still known today. Showed the Earth's diameter to be 7,840 miles, compared to modern measurements of 7,926.7 miles. Showed the distance between the Earth and the Moon as 253,000 miles, Compared to modern measurements of 252,710 miles.
  • 50.
    • The value of " pi " was first calculated by Boudhayana , and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians. This was ‘validated’ by British scholars in 1999.
    • Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic equations were propounded by Sridharacharya in the 11th century.
    • The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 1053 with specific names as early as 5000 BC during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 1012.
    • Maharshi Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like caesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery.
    • Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipments were used.
    • Detailed knowledge of anatomy, physiology, aetiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.
    • When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in the Sindhu Valley Civilization.
    India
  • 51.
    • The Encyclopaedia Britannica says:
    • "Man must have an original cradle land whence the peopling of
    • the earth was brought about by migration.
    • As to man’s cradle land, there have been many theories but the
    • weight of evidence is in favour of Indo-Malaysia.”
    • " If there is a country on earth which can justly claim the honour of having been the cradle of the Human race or at least the scene of primitive civilization, the successive developments of which carried into all parts of the ancient world and even beyond, the blessings of knowledge which is the second life of man, that country is assuredly India .“
  • 52. Indus Valley Civilization- one of the world’s first great urban civilizations. Harappa Civilization- 2700BC
  • 53. World’s first university in Takshila –700 B.C
  • 54. Ayurveda- earliest school of medicine known to humans
  • 55. Sanskrit –most suitable for computer software
  • 56. Future
  • 57.
    • "In India today,
    • we have a lady born a Catholic (Sonia Gandhi)
    • stepping aside so a Sikh (Manmohan Singh)
    • could be sworn in by a Muslim president (Abdul Kalam)
    • to lead a nation that's 82% Hindu.
    • I defy anyone to cite another country with such diversity and tolerance to its political leadership."
    Secular Tolerance
  • 58.
    • Goldman Sachs Report of 1 October, 2003 –
    • "Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050”
    • India's GDP will reach $ 1 trillion by 2011,
    • $ 2 trillion by 2020,
    • $ 3 trillion by 2025,
    • $ 6 trillion by 2032,
    • $ 10 trillion by 2038, and
    • $ 27 trillion by 2050,
    • becoming the 3rd largest economy after USA and China.
    • In terms of GDP, India will overtake Italy by the year 2016, France by 2019, UK by 2022,
    • Germany by 2023, and Japan by 2032.
  • 59.
    • Progress during the last 20 years
    • Poverty (incidence)
    • 1980s 1990s 2000
    • 44% 36% 26%
    • Education (literacy rate)
    • 1980s 1990s 2000
    • 44% 52% 65%
    • Health (life expectancy)
    • 1980s 1990s 2000
    • 56 60 69
    Source: World Bank (2003)
  • 60.
    • India’s population to be the largest in the world
    • India is set to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by 2050.
    • India’s population is expected to grow from 1.08bn to 1.63bn people, overtaking China, which is forecast to reach 1.44bn from 1.3bn currently.
    • India, will also have the highest working population in the World — 700 million people out of 1.1 billion people are young; the young population will continue till 2050.
  • 61. Yoga - Made in India Origin –5000 BC Documented by 200 BC – 300 AD
  • 62. Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC Kalarippayat
  • 63. I nvented t he Z ero ( A ryabhatta )
  • 64. Chess... MADE IN INDIA
  • 65. has the largest number of Post Offices in the world
  • 66. Until 1896, India was the only source of dia monds in the world  (Source: Gemological Institute of America)
  • 67. India exports software to 90 countries.
  • 68. Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.
  • 69. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
  • 70. 1700s – British invasion
  • 71. 15 th August , 1947 Indian Independence 26 th January , 1950 Republic- India
  • 72. National Emblem “ Truth alone triumphs”
  • 73. Nationals
  • 74. National Flag - Tricolour (Tiranga)
  • 75. National Emblem - Satyameva Jayate
  • 76. National Song – Vande Matram
  • 77. National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana
  • 78. National Animal - Tiger
  • 79. National Bird - Peacock
  • 80. National Flower - Lotus
  • 81. National Festivals – Indian Independence Day, Gandhi Jayati, Republic Day
  • 82. Great Indian Personalities
  • 83. Invented the Zero Aryabhatta / Aryabhattacharya
  • 84. Mahatma Gandhi Father of the nation Embodiment of Non- Violence
  • 85. Swami Vivekananda Champion of humanitarianism
  • 86. Great Indian Mathematician Postulated and proved 3,542 theorems Ramanujam
  • 87. Rabindranath Tagore 1913 – Nobel Prize in Literature
  • 88. 1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on scattering of light and Raman effect C.V Raman
  • 89. 1979 – Nobel Prize in Peace Mother Teresa
  • 90. 1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine Work on interpretation of the genetic code Har Gobind Khorana
  • 91. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on structure and evolution of stars
  • 92. Dance Forms
  • 93. More than 45 folk dances
  • 94. 7 Classical Dance forms
  • 95. Bharata Natyam
  • 96. Kathak
  • 97. Kathakali
  • 98. Kuchipudi
  • 99. Manipuri
  • 100. Mohini Attam
  • 101. Odissi
  • 102. More than 15 vocal forms More than 60 music instruments
  • 103. India - God’s own country Celebrates more than 65 festivals
  • 104. Places of Historic Importance
  • 105. Tirumala - Tirupati World’s richest temple
  • 106. Saint Thomas Cathedral Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543
  • 107. The Golden Temple
  • 108. Jamma Masjid The biggest mosque in India
  • 109. Thousand pillar temple
  • 110. Gateway of India
  • 111. Jantar Mantar – 1716 Modernistic structures to observe the movement of stars
  • 112. Mysore Palace Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs
  • 113. Buddha Statue Largest monolithic statue in Asia
  • 114. Dal Lake Jewel in the crown of Kashmir
  • 115. The Taj Mahal
  • 116. Calcutta – City of joy
  • 117. Cherrapunji Wettest place on earth
  • 118. National Teams
  • 119. Cricket Team The  Indian cricket team  is an international cricket team representing India. It is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India, the cricket governing body in India. The Indian Cricket Team is currently the highest paid national sports team in the world (in terms of sponsorship).
  • 120. Though the first match in India was recorded in 1721, when a group of sailors gathered to play in Western India, India's national cricket team didn't play their first Test match until 25 June 1932 atLord's. They became the sixth team to play Test cricket. Traditionally much stronger at home than abroad, India proved weaker than Australia and England, winning only 35 of the 196 matches they played in their first fifty years. The team gained strength near the end of the 50-year period with the emergence of players such as Sunil Gavaskar and Kapil Dev and the Indian spin quartet. The Indian team has continued to be highly ranked since then in Test cricket and One Day Internationals. The team won the Cricket World Cup in 1983 and was runners-up in 2003. It also won the first World Twenty20 in 2007. The current team contains many of the world's leading players, including Sachin Tendulkar, Rahul Dravid, Sourav Ganguly and Anil Kumble, who hold numerous cricketing world records. Cricket Team
  • 121. Soccer Team
  • 122. Hockey Team
  • 123. Women's Cricket
  • 124. Rugby Team
  • 125. Women's Soccer Team
  • 126. Women's Hockey
  • 127. Baseball Team
  • 128. Basketball Team
  • 129. Korfball Team
  • 130. We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made. -Albert Einstein India is,the cradle of the human race,the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history,the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition.Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only. -Mark Twain
  • 131. Be Proud of Being an Indian J a i H i n d !
  • 132. Refrences: Heathers Animation
  • 133. Thankyou! For watching this presentation Made by: Anand Chowdhary, The Mother’s International School, Namah Services presentations For more such presentations, log onto www.namah.org