Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Vision 2020 Nuitt Report For Circulation

1,217

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,217
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Vision 2020 Muslims making a positive change to Waltham Forest Noor Ul Islam Think Tank  
  • 2.  
  • 3. All praise is due to Allah. We praise Him, seek His aid, and ask His forgiveness. We also seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls, and from our impious deeds. Indeed, whoever Allah guides, none can misguide, and whoever He misguides, there is none that can guide him. We bear witness and testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, all glory be to Him, and we bear witness and testify that Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) is His final Messenger, and His perfect worshipper. 3   
  • 4. Noor ul Islam Trust 713 High Road Leyton London E10 5AB Tel: 020 8558 0786 Fax: 020 8923 7860 Email: admin@noorulislam.co.uk Website: www.noorulislam.co.uk 4   
  • 5. Contents About Us 7 Executive Summary 9 Introduction 13 1. Reducing crime and anti-social behaviour 17 2. Mosques as centres of the community 23 3. Making education matter 29 4. Increasing financial responsibility 37 5. Strengthening the role of the family 43 Annex: Survey Results 51 Glossary of Terms 61 5   
  • 6. 6   
  • 7. About Us • Educational Classes for women. There are different classes especially for women ranging from Tafseer ul-Quran, Quran reading and Alimah classes taking Noor Ul Islam Trust place each week • Tuition Service. Noor Ul Islam The Noor Ul Islam Trust is a Registered Academy offers pupils with excellent Charity based in London, UK and is run by tuition during the weekend local Muslims. The Trust provides a whole • A range of sporting activities including range of services to the community. Since its karate, boxing, football and swimming opening in 1990, the Trust has provided the local, national and international community Noor Ul Islam also supports the following with welfare services. Originally the Trust activities run by a neighbouring group. started as a place of worship which has evolved into a community centre to meet • Weekday Madrassa Monday to Friday the wider needs of local Muslims. • Saturday Madrassa • Segregated swimming sessions for men Approaching its 20th year, Noor Ul Islam and women currently provides the following services Noor Ul Islam sits on advisory bodies to • Mosque (five daily prayers in help the local authority identify the needs of congregation). the Muslims in the area. Working with other • Jumu'ah at the Mosque and the organisations, Noor Ul Islam is trying to Community Centres build a stronger Ummah. • Two Hifz classes at the Mosque • Arabic language classes for men and Noor Ul Islam Think Tank women by qualified teachers • Pre-school nursery running morning & The Think Tank was established by Noor Ul afternoon sessions, five days a week Islam in May 2007 to develop proposals, • Full time Islamic Primary School policies and projects aimed at enabling local • Funeral Services Muslims to positively contribute to society. • Circumcision Service at the Centre • Lectures and seminars held on a regular The Think Tank works within the wider basis community to ensure that our policies and • Youth Club vision, which are guided by Islamic teaching, • Zakaat collection and distribution reflect the diverse cultural mix in which we service operate. • Advisory and information service 7   
  • 8. The Think Tank will ensure that all its runs a small business. efforts are in line with its key values: Faisal Raja is the Vice Chair of the • Reaching out to build a community Waltham Forest Faith Communities Forum based on tolerance, understanding and and also the secretary of the Waltham responsibility Forest council of mosques. He is a • Tackling social problems through open Chartered Accountant by profession and debate and Islamic guidance has been involved in community work including drugs awareness and charity About the authors fundraising. Yusuf Hansa is Chairman of the Noor Ul Aslam Hansa is the office manager of Islam Think Tank in addition to being Noor Ul Islam Head Office. He has worked Chairman of Noor Ul Islam Trust and the in education throughout his career and was Chairman of the Waltham Forest Council of a primary school head teacher for seven Mosques. He is a well known community years. He is now a governor at Noor Ul leader who is active in promoting the Islam Primary School. interests of Islam and Muslims within Waltham Forest. Acknowledgment Ahad Rawat has public sector experience in We would like to thank all those who policy development, stakeholder assisted the preparation of this report and management and customer service delivery. the survey. May Allah Most High reward Ahad is also a trained personal development you greatly for your efforts. coach who is an associate member of the Association of Coaching. Abdul Kareem is a Muslim revert. He is Secretary of the Noor Ul Islam Think Tank and has been involved in organising many Muslim community activities within Waltham Forest. He is an IT Consultant by profession. Salim Hansa is a Muslim scout leader and Tesol teacher (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages). He is Secretary of Noor Ul Islam Trust and also 8   
  • 9. Executive should be placed on dealing with the culture behind criminal behaviour from an early age. Summary The accountability to Allah of individuals for their actions is the greatest deterrent for any practicing Muslim. The importance of legal punishment, based on fair and Only Allah Most High knows what the unbiased court proceedings, is also cited as future holds in 2020. However, as with any another deterrent. action within our sphere of influence we rely Some of the suggested recommendation for on Allah Most High and then perform the the eventual reduction in criminal action. behaviour: Based on our research we aim to achieve • Innovative and practical cultural (taqwa) certain changes primarily within the Muslim programmes established in mosques or community that will help in protecting the community centres. The primary aim is Islamic identity and contribute to the well- strengthening the Islamic personality being of Waltham Forest and the wider within the youth, and getting them to community. become responsible individuals. We envisage that by implementing these recommendations Waltham Forest should, • Every mosque has a trained drugs by 2020, be a community where young officer who can provide mentoring to adults have a sense of civic and financial those involved in drugs and advice to responsibility and where parents are parents. confident in engaging with educators to create a more tolerant and respectful • More youth clubs established in generation. mosques. These should be managed by well-respected young Muslim role Reducing crime and anti-social models. behaviour In recent years we have seen a surge in • Counselling programme for Muslim crime and anti-social behaviour, prisoners both whilst in prison and predominantly, although not exclusively, when they are released aimed at linked to the youth. The report looks at the preventing their re-offending. many measures introduced to tackle these problems, with questionable results and comes to the conclusion that emphasis 9   
  • 10. Mosques as centres of the Islam places great emphasis on the need to community be educated and the responsibility is on the individual to seek knowledge. The child, Mosques should be the hub of the Muslim through Islamic teaching, should recognise Community. Although Mosques are used their duty to acquire knowledge. Parents, primarily for prayer other services needed by with the assistance of the community, also the community should also be made have a great responsibility in providing available. Islamic education for their child. A series of measures are outlined to Recommendations include: improve the running and development of Mosques including: • Establishment of a local Islamic advisory group working for greater • Mosque family counselling services cooperation with local schools, LEA, relating to teenage issues, debt issues, SACRE, Governors and non- drugs and bereavement. Governors. • Development of welfare activities within • “Every Child Matters” initiative to Mosques. include all agencies. • Media representative for each Mosque. • Local Authority to promote the achievements of all pupils regardless of • Greater participation in Youth the school they attend (private or state). Development schemes and the creation of Youth groups for every mosque. • Maintain and increase single sex schools in Waltham Forest. • A Think Tank group for every Mosque. • Develop parenting coaching Making Education Matter programmes. The general lack of respect in society has • School Governor training within the made the task for teachers more challenging Mosques. with the result of more children underachieving in school. Parental • Local Madrassa council set up to share involvement in their children’s education resources and best practice. falls short of what is required and greater collaboration with educational bodies is • Muslim professionals to provide careers required. advice to local community. 10   
  • 11. • Governor training for 16+ Muslim contribute any effort to the business. pupils to encourage a return to their The body partner provides his/her own school as a Governor after effort only but no capital. He is not graduating. liable for the business debts. Increasing financial responsibility • Courses on Financial Literacy and debt awareness run by mosques and schools The report looks at the global financial crisis for the whole community. and comes to the conclusion that the general acceptance of capitalist ideals is viewed as the main factor behind the Strengthening the role of the current crisis. It highlights the family responsibilities of Muslims in financial The report looks at the importance of the issues. The Islamic perspective is simply that family and its declining role in society, due all wealth belongs to Allah and we are to growing individualism, and also takes an simply in temporary possession of it and will in-depth look at marriage, parenting, inter be accountable for the way we use and share generational communication, the elderly and this wealth. the role of the parents. The following recommendations are put Islam believes that the family is the key to forward for greater financial responsibilities building a strong community. It teaches by individuals within the community: respect in all circumstances and to deal • Mosque becomes an advice centre to justly with one another. Great emphasis is local major employers and job centres placed on children respecting their parents on Islamic issues. and elders, which should be reciprocated. Islam sees the role of the parents as being • Use debit cards or pre-paid credit cards the caring educator and friend. for transactions not interest bearing The following recommendations are credit cards. suggested to strengthen the family: • Promote the Al-Mudarabah business • Mosque family counselling services model as a means to bring together relating to teenage issues, debt issues, wealthy business investors with drugs and bereavement. unemployed people. Al-Mudarabah is a • Pre-marital training and marriage business consisting of a capital partner counselling service to be established by and a body or effort partner. The capital mosques. partner(s) provides the initial start up money for the business and is liable for all the business debts. He does not 11   
  • 12. • Mosques working in partnership with Local Authorities to develop care strategy programmes for the elderly. • Encourage greater parental participation in schools. • Provision of pre-natal training. • Provision of post – natal support groups. • Development of parenting skill workshops. 12   
  • 13. Introduction described the stabbings as “shocking and tragic.”   The London Mayor Boris Johnson said: “We Thursday July 10th 2008 was one of the are in this together, and we all need to take worst days of violence to hit North London responsibility.” and Waltham Forest in recent times. Over a 24 hour period four people were stabbed to In response to these tragic killings and a death, three of them less than 21 years of host of other problems facing the people of age, and two of them Muslim. Waltham Forest, both Muslim and non- Muslim, the Noor Ul Islam Think Tank It all started at 4am when the body of 42 presents this 2020 vision document. year old Genadijs Jaronis was found with knife wounds behind a disused pub on Responsibility within the Tottenham High Road. Community Then at 2:30pm 18-year-old man Melvin Communities are made up of individuals Bryan was stabbed in a confrontation at a with responsibilities to themselves, their bedsit in Edmonton. families, and the people around them. Three hours later, in Leyton, a 20-year-old From whichever background, religion, and Muslim Adnan Patel died from a stab race one is from, the level of responsibility wound to his chest after being chased down shown to the community determines how by a gang. successfully the community functions. It has become apparent in recent years that At around 8.30pm, another 20-year-old a great proportion of the problems are due Muslim Yusufu Miiro was found with stab to weakening community values. It is human wounds to his head and chest in a street in nature that people will contribute to Walthamstow, less than two miles away something in which there is a personal from where Adnan Patel was killed. He died interest. It can appear that some individuals an hour later. no longer value the importance of having a community or are not aware of the role The Metropolitan police commissioner at he/she is expected to play. the time, Sir Ian Blair said the spate of attacks illustrated “the need for everyone to pull Apparent to all is the degrading state of our together to put an end to this unacceptable violence.” communities with continuing and increasing violent crimes, anti-social behaviour, The Prime Minister Gordon Brown disrespect and a very disjointed community. It would appear that individualism has, 13   
  • 14. maybe unwittingly, been condoned due to Every person in society has responsibilities the thirst for commercialisation, which has that must be fulfilled. First and foremost had an ever increasing effect on our daily there is a responsibility to the Creator Allah lives. The present financial crisis, if not Most High and then to the family, totally, is certainly caused in part by the neighbours, community and wider Muslim individualism embedded in our lives and the Ummah. greed that stems from it. The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him A responsible approach is needed by and give him peace) said: “Each of you is a individuals, communities, local and central guardian and is responsible for those government, to steer clear of the present whom he is in charge of. So the ruler is a situation with long term measures to guardian and is responsible for his improve the fabric of our community and subjects; a man is the guardian of his restore higher moral ethics in the daily lives family and is responsible for those under of individuals. his care; a woman is a guardian of her Islam and Responsibility husband's home and is responsible for those under her care; a servant is the Responsibility underpins every action a guardian of his master's wealth and is Muslim undertakes in his/her life. Muslims responsible for that which he is believe that when people die and are raised entrusted with; and a man is the up again on the Day of Judgement they will guardian of his father's wealth and is be accountable for every good and bad responsible for what is under his care. So action no matter how small. each one of you is a guardian and is responsible for what he is entrusted Allah Most High says: with.” 2 ُ ‫ﻓﻤَﻦ َﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﹾﺜﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺫﺭﺓ ﺧْﻴﺮًﺍ َﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ َ ﹾ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ٍ َ َﻩ‬ Islam does not believe in individualism and that society and communities are simply ُ ‫ﺍ َﻳﺮ‬ ‫ ﻭﻣَﻦ َﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﹾﺜﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺫﺭﺓ ﺷ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ﹾ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ٍ َﺮ َﻩ‬ composed of self-interested individuals. Rather there must be values and a system to “Whoever has done an atom’s-weight of bind members of the community together good will see it, but whoever has done otherwise the entire community will an atom’s-weight of evil will see that.” 1 degenerate into chaos. This breads a mentality of self-accountability The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and ensuring that responsibilities are and give him peace) said: “The example of fulfilled to the best of the person’s ability. those who maintain Allah’s limits and                                                              2                                                               Narrated by Ibn Umar in hadith books Bukhari  1  Holy Qur’an. Chapter Al‐Zalzala, verses 7‐8  and Muslim  14   
  • 15. those who surpass them is like the good works, and should these be example of those who share a boat. exhausted before his obligation is Some would occupy its upper deck and discharged, then he shall be assigned some its lower deck. The occupants of some of their sins, which will be heaped the lower deck would have to go to the upon him. Then he shall be cast into upper deck to have access to the water. Hell."' 2 If they said, why don’t we drill a hole in It is also the responsibility for each our part (to directly access the water) individual to make others aware of the and not cause any inconvenience to meaning and understanding of Islam and those above us. If those on the upper the best way to achieve this is by being a deck let them do what they wanted then living example of Islam – an important all the passengers would sink. However, aspect the Muslim community needs to if they prevented them from doing so exhibit. then all would be saved.” 1 Rebuilding a responsible community entails It is not enough that a Muslim fulfils mosques, schools, families, individuals, his/her responsibility to Allah alone, but institutions and organisations taking when it comes to dealing with people they responsibility to act and behave in a positive must conduct themselves in a responsible manner towards bettering community life. manner. Our Aim Abu Hurayra said: ‘The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him The primary aim of this document is to peace) once said, "Do you know who is initiate thinking among the Muslim the bankrupt?" And we replied, "The community and their institutions on how bankrupt among us, O Messenger of Muslims can contribute to bettering the Allah, is he that has neither dirham nor quality of life for the inhabitants of dinar to his name, nor any property." Waltham Forest. But he (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, "The bankrupt of my ummah is he We recognise that Muslims are fallible that shall come forward on the Day of human beings and from time to time may Arising with the Prayer, the Fast and the perform actions not in accordance with Tithe, but having insulted his man, and Islamic teachings. It’s for this very reason abused that man, and having consumed that we have undertaken this initiative in an another's wealth, and shed another's attempt to address the conduct of those blood, and struck yet another. Each one Muslims involved in drugs, crime and anti- of these shall be given a portion of his social behaviour which are contributing to                                                              1  Narrated by Nu’man bin Basheer in hadith book                                                               2 Bukhari   Hadith book Sahih Muslim  15   
  • 16. the deterioration of the community. We present a number of recommendations that contribute towards our 2020 vision, that we hope will be adopted. These recommendations are the result of extensive thinking on the major issues facing those living within Waltham Forest. As part of this study we undertook a survey of local people, from different age groups and comprising of both Muslims and non- Muslims. The outcome of the survey showed concerns by all elements of the community regarding the breakdown of the family, crime and anti-social behaviour, and the need to improve educational standards. For Muslims, the negative perception of Islam within the wider community was also a major issue. This document is by no means exhaustive of all the issues facing the community but we hope it will provoke some thinking within the Muslim community and for others to build and improve upon the recommendations made. Any good we have written is from Allah and any mistakes are from ourselves. 16   
  • 17. 1. Reducing crime and anti-social behaviour ‫ﹺﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﺣْﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣِﻴﻢ‬ ‫ْﹺ ِ ﱠ ﹺ ﱠ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﱡﻳﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺎ ُ ﺍﱠﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﺑﻜﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺯﹾﻟﺰﹶﻟﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻋﺔ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻋﻈِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َ ٌْ َ ِ َ ‫ﻨ ﺱ ﻘ َ ﹸ ْ ﻥ َ َ ﹶ ﺴ‬ ‫َﻳﻮﻡ ﺗَﺮَﻭْﻧَﻬَﺎ َﺗﺬﻫ ﹸ ﻛ ﱡ ﻣُﺮْﺿﻌﺔ ﻋَ ﱠﺎ ﹶﺃﺭﺿﻌﺖ ﻭَﺗﻀﻊُ ﻛ ﱡ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ﺣﻤﻞ ﺣﻤﻠﻬَﺎ‬ ‫ﹾ َﻞ ﹸﻞ ِ َ ٍ ﻤ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ ﹸﻞ ِ َ ْ ﹴ َ ْﹶ‬ َْ ‫ﻭَﺗﺮَﻯ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ ﺳﻜﹶﺎﺭَﻯ ﻭﻣَﺎ ُﻢ ﹺﺑ ُ ﹶﺎﺭَﻯ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﱠﻪ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ‬ ٌ َ ِ‫َ ِ ﱠ َ َ ﻠ‬ ‫َ ﻫ ﺴﻜ‬ ُ َ ‫ﻨ‬ َ “O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allah.” Holy Qur’an, 22:1-2 17   
  • 18. “They know there is such a thing as society. They to 6,855 a year. 3 want the society of respect. They want the society of responsibility. They want the community where the Despite a decade-long government drive to decent, law-abiding majority are in charge. Where cut youth offending an independent study those who play by the rules do well, and those who by the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies don't get punished.” Tony Blair, ex-British (CCJS) at King's College said this drive has PM. 1 had “no measurable impact.” 4 Violent crime Crime affects everyone Violent crime in London has reached Londoners want to feel safe and resolving epidemic levels. Scores of teenagers over the the problem of crime and anti-social past few years have been shot or stabbed behaviour is at the top of most ordinary with many of these deaths linked to people’s agendas. Crime was a major American-style gang violence. campaign issue in the 2008 London Mayoral election and will feature high on the agenda Alcohol fuelled yob culture has made many of the next general election. city centres no-go areas for ordinary people after dark, leading one prominent MP - The problem of crime and anti-social Edward Leigh to describe yobs as behaving behaviour is not specific to one ethnic or like “an occupying army loose in the streets.” 2 religious community. This is a problem that affects all communities of all ethnicities and According to figures published by the religious backgrounds whether Muslim or Youth Justice Board in May 2008 violent non-Muslim. The perpetrators of crime are crime by young people has risen by nearly also from all ethnicities and religious 40% in the past three years. The Board said backgrounds. Muslims in particular now violence against the person by under-18s make up a significant proportion of the increased by 39%, from just over 40,000 prison population in the UK. offences in 2003-04 to more than 56,000 in 2006-07. Robberies committed by under-18s The Think Tank survey showed that ‘Lack also saw a large rise - up by 45%, from 4,740 of mutual respect and tolerance’, ‘Drug abuse and gang culture’ and ‘Violent Youth Crime’ were the top three problems felt by                                                                                                                           1 3  Tony Blair. 2004, Speech on the launch of the   Guardian Newspaper, 16 May 2008, ‘40% rise in  five‐year strategy for crime. http://www.number‐ violent crime by under‐18s,’  10.gov.uk/output/Page6129.asp   http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/may/16/ukcr 2  Guardian Newspaper, 24 July 2007, ‘Yobs making  ime.gender  4 town centres no‐go zones,’   BBC News Online, 21 May 2008, ‘Youth crime  http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2007/jul/24/ukcri drive has no impact,’  me.prisonsandprobation  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7411909.stm  18   
  • 19. all those surveyed. See figure 1. Figure 1 Current solutions to crime • National DNA database • Hand-held weapon scanners and knife- The majority of the solutions brought detecting “arches” for police forward to deal with crime and anti-social • Introduction of tazar guns behaviour revolve around better policing and better methods of detecting crimes. None of these measures have had a These are meant to act as deterrents for significant impact on reducing crime. The those thinking of committing an offence. increase in CCTV cameras for example has Measures implemented in recent times by made no major difference to crime in the both the government and London Mayor capital despite the huge investment in new includes: cameras. Detective Chief Inspector Mick Neville said a Metropolitan Police pilot • 24 hour live CCTV cameras on London project found just three per cent of street buses robberies in London were solved using • Ban on alcohol on all London public CCTV images. In 2007 it emerged the transport £200m spent on 10,000 crime-fighting • More CCTV cameras in trouble hot- cameras in London had little effect on spots reducing offending. 1 • Higher visibility policing in the form of                                                              1  Daily Mail, 6 May 2008, 'Billions spent on CCTV  Police Community Support Officers have failed to cut crime and led to an 'utter fiasco',  (PCSO’s) and the establishment of Safer says Scotland Yard surveillance chief,'  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article‐ Neighbourhood police teams in every 564240/Billions‐spent‐CCTV‐failed‐cut‐crime‐led‐ London ward utter‐fiasco‐says‐Scotland‐Yard‐surveillance‐ chief.html  19   
  • 20. breakthrough in terms of freedom of expression, of lifestyle, of the individual's right to live their own Criminal Culture personal life in the way they choose… But with this change in the 1960s came something else, not The reason these attempts at crime necessarily because of it but alongside it. It was John prevention have failed is because there is no Stuart Mill who articulated the modern concept that emphasis placed on tackling the culture with freedom comes responsibility. But in the 1960's behind criminal behaviour. revolution, that didn't always happen.” Criminal gangs and drug dealers are all ‘Freedom with responsibility’ is a dying “respected” on the streets by many youth. concept nowadays. Secularism has eroded The music they listen to feed them a diet of religious morals of responsibility and as get rich quick or die tryin’, named after rap such the growing trend is towards ‘freedom artist 50cent’s bestselling album. The from responsibility’, where freedom is popularity of websites such as YouTube mandatory and responsibility is at best means anyone can now be famous. Anti- optional, and at worst totally ignored. social behaviour is frequently filmed on mobile phones and then uploaded to Drug and Alcohol Abuse websites specifically setup for glorifying bullying and violence. Computer games Closely linked with crime and the criminal have a huge influence on the mentality of culture is drug and alcohol abuse. The the youth. The latest games consoles and Home Office clearly states, that “the links their high definition graphics are incredibly between drug use and crime are clearly realistic and totally absorbing. Grand Theft established” 1 and “the links between alcohol and Auto IV was the best selling game of 2008 violence are well established.” 2 and to win the game you need to progress through the criminal underworld becoming The statistics speak for themselves in a gangster and committing the worst crimes proving this link. possible. • Around three-quarters of crack and This culture is breeding a mentality of heroin users claim they commit crime to rampant individualism where an individual is feed their habit. 3 not accountable or responsible to anyone • In nearly half (45%) of all violent except themselves.                                                              1  Home Office, ‘Drug‐related crime,’  http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/crime‐ Tony Blair alluded to this at the launch of victims/reducing‐crime/drug‐related‐crime  2 his 5 year strategy on crime back in July  Home Office, ‘Alcohol‐related crime,’  http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/crime‐ 2004 when he said: “The 1960s saw a huge victims/reducing‐crime/alcohol‐related‐crime/  3  Home Office, ‘Drug‐related crime,’ Op. Cit  20   
  • 21. incidents, victims believed offenders to resort Islam believes in punishing those who be under the influence of alcohol, this have disobeyed the law if found guilty in a figure rose to 58% in cases of attacks by court of law. The Islamic punishments are people they did not know out of scope in the UK since this is a non- • 37% of domestic violence cases involve Islamic society. However addressing the alcohol underlying concepts behind criminal • In nearly a million violent attacks in behaviour is something Islam can make a 2007-08, the aggressors were believed to significant impact upon. be drunk 1 Islam’s approach to changing a person’s Islamic Approach behaviour was summed up by the mother of the believers - Aisha, who was one of the Islam believes in responsibility and Prophet Muhammad’s (Allah bless him and accountability for ones actions and takes a give him peace) blessed wives. two pronged approach to addressing criminal behaviour. Aisha said: that if the first verses to be revealed in the Qur’an were ‘Do not Firstly, it creates a culture of God drink alcoholic drinks,’ people would Consciousness (taqwa) and community have said, ‘We will never leave alcoholic responsibility among the society. Even when drinks.’ And if the first verses to be no police are watching them, Muslims revealed were, ‘Do not commit illegal should still obey the law because they know sexual intercourse,’ ‘they would have Allah is watching them and will account said, ‘We will never give up illegal sexual them for all their actions no matter how intercourse.’” The first verses revealed in small when they die. the Qur’an were from Al-Mufassal (last section of the Qur’an) whose verses Allah Most High says: contain detail descriptions of Paradise and Hellfire. Once the people embraced ‫ﻭَﻧﺤ ُ ﹶﺃﻗﺮ ُ ﹺﺇﹶﻟْﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣْﺒﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺭﹺﻳﺪ‬ ِ َ ‫َ ْﻦ ﹾ َﺏ ِ ِ ْ َ ﹺ‬ Islam and their conviction in Paradise and Hellfire was established then the “And We are nearer to him than his verses regarding halal and haram were jugular vein.” 2 revealed. 3 Secondly, Islam recognises human beings One of the objectives (maqasid) of the are not angels and criminal behaviour in Islamic Shariah is the protection of the society is inevitable to some degree. As a last mind. Islam has completely forbidden all                                                                                                                           1 3  Home Office, ‘Alcohol‐related crime,’ Op. Cit   Narrated by Yusuf bin Mahk in Hadith book  2  Holy Qur’an. Chapter Qaf, verse 16.  Bukhari. Volume 6, Book 61, Number 515.  21   
  • 22. forms of intoxicants a fact that is well offences the youth mentors in the known among Muslims and non-Muslims mosque can aid in rehabilitation efforts. alike. • More youth clubs established in The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him mosques. These should be managed by and give him peace) said: “Every well-respected young Muslim role intoxicant is khamr (wine) and every models. intoxicant is forbidden.” 1 • More awareness programmes for Recommendations parents so they can see the tell-tale signs of drugs, gang membership and criminal • Innovative and practical cultural (taqwa) behaviour. programmes established in mosques or community centres. The primary aim is • Establishment of a gang reconciliation strengthening the Islamic character unit where truces and dialogue between within the youth, and getting them to gangs can take place. become responsible individuals. • Counselling programme for Muslim • Publicise stories of how Islam changes prisoners both whilst in prison and the behaviour of individuals. Muslim ex- when they are released aimed at criminals, gang members and drug preventing their reoffending. dealers who changed their behaviour can speak or write on their experiences. These stories can be publicised at various outlets: mosques, community centres, Muslim media, youth clubs and in the cultural programme above. • Every mosque has a trained drugs officer who can provide mentoring to those involved in drugs and advice to parents. • Every mosque has a liaison with the Police Safer Neighbourhoods team. For those Muslims convicted of minor                                                              1  Hadith book Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith 3672.  Narrated by Abdullah Ibn Abbas.  22   
  • 23. 2. Mosques as centres of the community                             ‫ﻓِﻲ ُﺑُﻮﺕ ﹶﺃﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﹶﻥ ُﺮﻓﻊ ﻭﻳُﺬﹾﻛﺮ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ُﻳﺴﱢﺢ ﹶﻟ ُ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻐﺪ ﱢ‬ ‫ُ ُﻭ‬ ‫ْ ُ ُ َﺒ ُ ﻪ‬ َ ‫ﻴ ٍ ِ ﹶ ﱠ ُ ﺗ ْﹶ َ َ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻭَﺍﻟﹾﺂﺻَﺎﻝﹺ‬ “Shining out in houses of worship (mosques). Allah has ordained that they be raised high and that His name be remembered in them, with men in them celebrating His glory morning and evening.” Holy Qur’an, 24:36   23   
  • 24. Mosques are a vital and pivotal part of mosques in Egypt such as the Abou El Muslim communities. There is no special Azayem mosque in Cairo. 2 design or structure for a Mosque as any building used for the congregational prayers In Waltham Forest Noor Ul Islam Trust has can be classified as a Mosque. established a pre-school, primary school, youth club, funeral service, health advice When the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless surgery, men and women’s sporting him and give him peace) migrated to Medina activities in addition to congregational in 622CE, one of his first actions was to prayers and a madrassa. build a Mosque there. This is now known as the Prophet's Mosque or (Masjid-e-Nabawi). Mosques are therefore, not only for the This Mosque became the centre of all purpose of prayer alone but also serve as the Muslim activities. As an example, centre for all social, cultural and political delegations from other states were received activities. and accommodated in this Mosque such as the group of Christians who came from Current Issues Naijran. This Mosque also served as the centre for education, learning, and training. With the exception of a few mosques, unfortunately most mosques within the UK Throughout Islamic history the mosque has and Waltham Forest do not fulfil this played a central role in the implementation function within the community. of Islam upon society. During the Ottoman rule of Bosnia (15th – 19th century) they Here are currently some of the key issues established many Kulliye 1 Mosques. This was with Mosques: a group of social and municipal service buildings that acted as a community centre Funding as well as the focal point of Friday prayers. The founder would establish a public The majority of mosques are only financed kitchen (Imaret), to feed the needy or the through the contributions of their traveller, a college (medresa), a hospital congregations. They do not have the (darusifa), a public fountain (cesma), a guest resources to provide valuable services to the house for travellers (musafirhana or konak- community other than using the mosque as han) and a tomb (turbe). a place of worship. With the adequate More recently there have been examples of                                                              2  Dr. Jamal Madi Abut Azayem, 'Role of The  drug rehabilitation clinics attached to Mosque in Confronting The Epidemic of Substance  Abuse,'                                                               http://www.crescentlife.com/articles/islamic%20p 1  Kulliye is an Ottomanized Arabic word that  sych/role_of_mosque_in_confronting_substance_ means comprehensive, complete, or all‐inclusive.  abuse.htm  24   
  • 25. funding and expertise this can be resolved. Nationalism Limited facilities for youth Mosques tend to be divided on nationalistic grounds e.g. a Pakistani or Bengali mosque. There are very limited activities for youth in Other nationalities can feel excluded when most mosques. This is a missed opportunity attending mosques dominated by one as many young people frequent the mosques section of the community on Fridays and during Ramadan. Engagement with youth should be a priority. Alienation Limited access for women Mosques can be perceived by non-Muslims as isolated and distant. Mosques need to The mother is the centre of the household engage more with the communities in which and instrumental in bringing up the children they reside. and imparting key values and morals to them. Mosques can play a key role in Lack of social activities supporting this. Unfortunately many mosques only have limited facilities for Some Mosques are only used as places of women. prayer when there is scope for them to be used for a wider range of activities. Governance Recommendations Lack of management and administrative skills within mosque committees can lead to Throughout this document there have been inefficiencies in the way mosques are run. numerous recommendations aimed at the There is a view that some mosques are not mosques. The diagrams 1 below summarises managed as professional institutions with a the different elements that a modern day lack of accountability to members of the mosque should focus upon. congregation. Non-English speaking imams Some imams cannot relate to their congregations due to language barriers and a lack of awareness of the key issues affecting their local community.                                                              1  http://www.mpacuk.org/content/view/3848/84/  25   
  • 26. • The welfare activities within the mosque should help to make the mosque more of a focal point in the community. The mosque can provide a safe and trustworthy environment to provide support for people’s day to day problems. 3) Education 1) Operations • The mosque should have an office which acts as a central point for organising the affairs of the mosque. The mosque should encourage a strong base of volunteers and hence should look to develop a database containing details of these volunteers especially those with specific skills. This will assist the mosque when a particular need is required. 2) Welfare • Education is a key element of everyday activities within mosque such as Friday Khutbah, study circles, Qur’an classes, and information for new Muslims to ease their transition into the religion. • Academic education should also be promoted and facilitated within the mosque. An Islamic reference library should be established as a resource for the community. 26   
  • 27. negative portrayal of Islam and Muslims 4) Media by mainstream media was overwhelmingly seen as the major • The Think Tank survey found that the problem by Muslims. See figure 2. Figure 2 • Each mosque should have a designated media representative who is responsible • The mosque should also be active online for maintaining links with the local and have a regularly updated website. A media and other key organisations. wider media team should be established which promotes the true message of Islam. 5) Funding • Mosques should employ a fundraising manager who will look at tax efficient donations and regular donations. • The manager would seek additional funding to finance services offered by the mosque. 27   
  • 28. 6) Political Awareness 7) Youth Politics in Islam means looking after the Youth participation is essential in ensuring a affairs of people. The Mosque should play a vibrant future for the mosque and should key role in creating a forum for people to help to eliminate some of the discuss current local, national and intergenerational barriers. Young Muslims international issues. This allows them to need to be encouraged to be active within express their viewpoints and to explore the mosque and should have representation solutions. on the committees. Activities such as youth clubs, Islamic education and regular sports Islam places great emphasis on unity and sessions should be organised. refers to the Muslim Ummah as one body. 8) Think Tank The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: "You see the A think tank is vital for developing a believers as regards their being merciful strategic direction and to ensure that the among themselves and showing love mosque continues to address the changing among themselves and being kind, environment in which it resides. The think resembling one body, so that, if any part tank should be aware of the key issues that of the body is not well then the whole are on the horizon and develop innovative body shares the sleeplessness policies that can help solve the problems (insomnia) and fever with it." 1 that are faced by the people. It should also help to develop progressive thinking within Therefore the international element should the community and serve as an ideas forum not be ignored as most Muslims have links for the mosque. to different parts of the world and are likely to be affected by problems that are occurring overseas. Natural disasters such as the earthquake in Kashmir and the occupation of Iraq, Afghanistan and Palestine are examples that demonstrate this.                                                              1  Hadith book Bukhari  28   
  • 29. 3. Making education matter ‫ﺍﻗﺮﹾﺃ ﺑﹺﺎﺳﻢ ﺭﱢﺑﻚ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﺧﻠﻖ‬ َ ‫َﹶ‬ َ َ ‫ﹾَ ْ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﹺﻧﺴَﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ْ َﹶ ﹴ‬ َ ‫َﹶ‬ ُ ‫ﺍﻗﺮﹾﺃ ﻭﺭﱡﺑﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﹾ َ َ َ َ ﹶ ﹾ َﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻋﱠﻢ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻘﻠﻢ‬ ‫َﻠ َ ﹶﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻋﱠﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﹺﻧﺴَﺎﻥ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ َﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬ ْ ‫ﹶ ْ ْﹶ‬ َ ‫َﻠ‬ “Read! In the name of your Lord who created: He created man from a clinging form. Read! Your Lord is the Most Bountiful One who taught by [means of] the pen, who taught man what he did not know.” Holy Qur’an, 96:1-5 29   
  • 30. “It takes an entire village to raise a child” African proverb. Teachers now face low morale due to difficult pupils and a lack of respect. Parents Islam attaches great importance to too are concerned with the diminishing knowledge and education. The Holy Qur'an moral fibre in the community. Agencies repeatedly asks human beings to observe the need to work together to develop strategies physical creation around them. and share good practice in order that a concerted effort is made to improve respect ‫ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﻓِﻲ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤَﺎﻭَﺍﺕ ﻭَﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ِ َْ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻥ َﹾ ﹺ ﱠ‬ and responsibility in Waltham Forest. ‫ﻭَﺍﺧِﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﱠﻴْﻞ ﻭَﺍﻟﱠﻨﻬَﺎﺭ ﻵﻳَﺎﺕ‬ ٍ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ْ ﹶ ِ ﻠ ﹺ‬ The Think Tank’s research shows that gang activity, bullying and availability of drugs are ‫ﱢﹸﻭْﻟِﻲ ﺍﻷﻟﹾﺒَﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻟﺄ‬ concerns that residents have. These can occur in school leaving parents with great worry over their child’s safety. See figure 3. “There truly are signs in the creation of the heavens and earth, and in the alternation of night and day, for those with understanding.” 1 This instils in people the desire to learn about the universe they live in and the natural sciences. The first word revealed to Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) in the Qur’an was 'Iqra!' (Read). Learning is thus the starting point of every successful human activity. A growing and more diverse population needs to work together and provide a first class education system for all those living in the borough. With many Muslims living in Waltham Forest their needs are of great importance to schools and the Local Education Authority (LEA).                                                              1  Holy Qur’an. Chapter Al‐Imran, verse 190  30   
  • 31. Figure 3 Building the personality The vast majority of pupils in Waltham Forest attend mainstream (state) schools. Islam defines Education as more than The local authority shoulders a great deal of academic studies and qualifications. Early responsibility when it comes to educating experiences will influence a person for the our younger generation. With a lack of rest of their life. Therefore it is of educational choice the local authority may paramount importance that Muslims in be seen as a monopoly. However parents Waltham Forest promote well-being, respect are now demanding greater choice in their and responsibility to all, including children. children’s education. Demand for places at Independent Independent schools may increase in Islamic Schools numbers to satisfy demand. It is therefore important that the local authority starts to The two Independent Islamic schools in work with independent schools to ensure Waltham Forest are growing in popularity. similar strategies are promoted through the The Noor Ul Islam Primary School which borough by all educational providers. has a capacity of 160 pupils, currently has over 300 pupils on its waiting list. With a growing Muslim population in the borough and more families wishing for their Despite the Government initiative of ‘Every children to be educated in a school with an Child Matters’ the LEA has not been able to Islamic Ethos, the likelihood of more effectively work with local Islamic Schools Islamic schools opening in the area is high. due to them being seen as independent The local authority needs to work together entities. with Islamic schools, recognising not only the financial benefits to the LEA but also 31   
  • 32. that the wishes of many residents is met by pupils perform better when studying in a these schools. single-sex school only adds to the desire for pupils to be taught this way. Support for Home Education Recent research by Durham University on Some parents within the borough prefer to GCSE performance at independent schools teach their children at home or in small states: “Almost without exception, when ability groups. This may be for a number of variation is taken into account...the average reasons but the lack of single-sex schools is performance of pupils of both genders in single-sex one major factor. The local authority needs schools is better than the average performance of their to recognise this possible trend and agree to counterparts in mixed schools by a significant provide a support network to assist these margin.” 1 parents. Madrassas Single-sex schools Madrassas are after school classes where The LEA must seek the views of the some Muslim pupils from around five years community, including Muslims when old typically spend two hours each weekday formulating education strategies. There is a evening learning about Islam. The syllabi fear that there will be no single sex state and quality of teaching in the madrassas vary schools left in Waltham Forest, a prospect although recently many improvements have that worries many in the borough both taken place. Muslim and non-Muslim. Further co-operation and training between Islam provides great emphasis on these organisations will help improve the segregation of the genders and this also state of supplementary education provided. applies to studying. This is in no way ‘sexist’ or because women are deemed inferior to Responsibility of parents men as some commentators try to suggest. Rather Islam believes that it is the creator of Parents now cite lack of time to either be both men and women – Allah Most High involved with their child’s education or who decides which is the best way for them actively help their child’s school. This has to live together that creates harmony in                                                              society. 1  John Charnley, 'THE GCSE PERFORMANCE OF  INDEPENDENT SCHOOL PUPILS: GENDER AND  SCHOOLTYPE DIFFERENCES,' Curriculum,  Muslims therefore request that their Evaluation and Management (CEM) Centre at  children are taught in a suitable Durham University, p. 12  http://www.cemcentre.org/Documents/MidYIS/G environment. Recent research that shows CSE%20performance%20of%20independent%20sc hool.pdf  32   
  • 33. had an effect on parenting skills as work Islamic Approach patterns and more single parent families have resulted in less quality time between Islam makes self-improvement of the parent and child. individual and the betterment of society a religious duty. This has inspired individuals The responsibility of raising a child and in a multitude of ways, above all in the giving him/her a good education lies with search for knowledge. Throughout the the parents and the community at large, Muslim World, the search for knowledge including schools. This shared responsibility and science was undertaken in an effort to requires joint effort by all parties and improve society as a form of worship. The common strategies. A single message must development of medicine, the construction be presented by all stakeholders. Currently and provision of hospitals, the building of there are mixed messages being absorbed by hundreds of libraries and schools, the children. Work must be undertaken to planting of beautiful gardens and green ensure all parents present the same positive parks, and so much else, made the Muslim message to children. World an oasis of light in a dark surrounding. Islam’s stress on excellence Lifelong learning and its search for perfection was crucial to the progress of its civilisation. It is recognised that Muslims must get involved, support and promote lifelong This explains the advanced levels of learning. This involvement must extend to knowledge that the Muslims reached in existing and new areas of education. astronomy, surgery, ophthalmology, and map making. It explains why the Muslims Apart from the traditional curriculum for developed the empirical method, education, there are wider possibilities for mathematics and physics and extremely building a sense of respect from within and accurate instruments. This is also why in partnership with the school system. Muslim gardens, libraries and hospitals were run to standards unequalled today in most Local institutions, including mosques, must of the Muslim world. And this is why the promote good quality learning to all its Muslims wrote scientific and scholarly stakeholders. Staff, imams and worshippers works of the greatest detail, precision and must be encouraged to undertake formal excellence. 1 and informal studies regardless of age. Those who have not had access to the In addition, all the books of hadith have a internet and the latest technology should be chapter on knowledge (ilm). In Sahih encouraged to complete relevant studies.                                                              1  Muslim Heritage, Topics Section,  http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/  33   
  • 34. Bukhari, one of the most famous collections, there is a chapter entitled, “The ‫ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﱡﻳﻬَﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻢ‬ ْ ‫َ َﻨ ﻗ ﻔ َﻜ‬ virtue of one who acquires ilm (learning) and imparts it to others.” In the hadith, the scholar ُ ‫ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻴﻜﻢ ﻧَﺎﺭًﺍ ﻭﹸﻮ ُﻫَﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺎ‬ ‫َﻗ ﺩ ﻨ ﺱ‬ ْ‫َ ْ ﹸ‬ is accorded great respect due to the benefit the ummah derives from such intellects. ‫ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠَﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ِ َﹸ‬ "O you who believe! Save yourselves and The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him your families from a Fire whose fuel is and give him peace) said: “He is not from men and stones!" 2 my Ummah who does not acknowledge the honour due to our elders, who shows Parents must realise that what they teach no mercy to our younger ones and nor their children is not in isolation to what is recognises the right of our scholars.” 1 being taught at school. Parental involvement in the school not only allows parents to be Student responsibility well informed with what is happening but also provides the school with a much Islam teaches individuals to be accountable needed contribution. for their actions from an early age. Training students to manage their time, studies, Muslim parents must be taught the finances and social lives will encourage a importance of all concerned for their more responsible approach to life. This will participation in school life. Parents can play result in borough-wide benefits as young an essential role within a school’s PTA or people understand the importance of self- even Board of Governors. It is believed that management. a campaign to get parents involved in school life is needed, especially for ethnic Parental Responsibility communities where traditionally they have shied away from this. The Qur’an warns people to protect their families from the hellfire. This warning Collective Responsibility demonstrates that individuals must take responsibility for the actions of their Some youngsters in the area have learnt that families. there is more to life than materialism. Whilst this goes against the grain, many people, especially Muslims are being taught more about spirituality and about collective responsibility.                                                              1  Narrated by 'Ubaadah b. as‐Saamit in hadith                                                               2 books Ahmad and Tabaraani   Holy Qur'an. Chapter Tahreem, verse 6  34   
  • 35. Muslims, as parents and teachers, have been • Local Authority to promote the at the forefront of teaching children as well achievements of all pupils regardless of as adults, which has showed their the school they attend (private or state). willingness to take responsibility in local matters. The notion of collective • Maintain and increase single sex schools responsibility is greatly emphasized in Islam in Waltham Forest. and none more important than instructing one another on being accountable for all our • Develop parenting coaching actions to Allah Most High. By doing so, we programmes. feel an environment of respect will prevail. • School Governor training within the Mosques. Recommendations • Local Madrassa council set up to share resources and best practice. • Establishment of a Local Islamic Advisory group working for greater • Muslim professionals to provide careers cooperation with local schools, LEA, advice to local community. SACRE, Governors and non- Governors. • Governor training for 16+ Muslim pupils to encourage a return to their • “Every Child Matters” initiative to own school as a Governor after include all agencies. graduating. 35   
  • 36. 36   
  • 37. 4. Increasing financial responsibility ‫ﻭَﺍْﺑَﺘﻎ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ﺁﺗَﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻭَﻟﹶﺎ ﺗَﻨﺲ َﻧﺼِﻴَﺒﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻧْﻴَﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﺣْﺴِﻦ ﻛﹶﻤَﺎ‬ َ ‫َ َِ ﺪ‬ َ ‫َ ﱠُ ﺪ َ ِ َﹶ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹺﺇﹶﻟْﻴﻚ ﻭَﻟﹶﺎ َﺗْﺒﻎ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺴَﺎﺩ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻳﺤ ﱡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻔﺴﺪِﻳﻦ‬ َ ِ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﻥ ﻠ َ ِﺐ ُ ﹾ‬ َ ‫ﹺ ﹶ‬ َ ُ‫ْ َ َ ﱠ‬ “Seek the life to come by means of what Allah has granted you, but do not neglect your rightful share in this world. Do good to others as Allah has done good to you. Do not seek to spread corruption in the land, for Allah does not love those who do this.” Holy Qur’an, 28:77 37   
  • 38. The Global Financial Crisis towards wealth and the concept of success. “In the abstract it is absurd and monstrous for Capitalist view of wealth society to pay the commercial banking system interest for multiplying severalfold the quantity of the Capitalism is an economic system in which medium of exchange when a) a public agency could wealth, and the means of producing wealth, do it all at negligible cost, b) there is no sense in are privately owned and controlled as having it done at all, since the effect is merely to raise opposed to state ownership and control as the price level, and c) important evils result, notably found in Communism. Classical economists the frightful instability of the whole economic such as Adam Smith who laid the system.” 1 foundations for today’s economic systems Frank Knight, Economist at the University believed in what is known as the “invisible of Chicago, 1927 hand”. This is a metaphor to describe the self-regulating nature of the market, where The current financial crisis is essentially a the pursuit of individual self-interest also banking crisis that began in August 2007 produces a collective good for society. and which came to a head in September 2008 with the entire banking system on the In his book ‘The Wealth of Nations’ Smith brink of collapse. Hundreds of billions of provides an example that illustrates this pounds were pumped into the economy to principle: prop up the financial system. With this unprecedented market intervention, “It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the nationalisation of banks, and interest rates at brewer or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but near zero, people are beginning to question from their regard to their own self interest. We the capitalist free market model. address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own Understandably, people are looking to necessities but of their advantages.” blame someone for the current financial mess. The finger has pointed at the “greedy This ‘self-interest’ is exactly what the banks bankers”, incompetent financial regulators were following when they gave sub-prime and governments who allowed the situation mortgages to some of the poorest people in to spiral out of control. However, if we look society who they knew could never pay beyond the individuals and institutions we these loans back. When they defaulted on find some very basic human concepts at the the loans the banks would simply repossess root of the problem. These are the views the houses and make back their money since house prices were rising like never before.                                                              1 This ‘self-interest’ gave no consideration to   Tarek El Diwany, “The Problem with Interest,” Ta  Ha Publishers, First Edition, p. 55 the poor families who would end up losing   38   
  • 39. their home and on the street. ownership to Himself, by saying: ‘the property of Allah’ (Maalillah). Although sub-prime mortgages triggered the current crisis the same ‘self-interest’ can be This concept that wealth is given to people applied across many financial activities such by their Creator has a profound effect on an as derivatives, securitisation, short-selling individual’s economic activity. Instead of and market speculation. simply pursuing self-interest, they will realise that this wealth is a trust and cannot be Islamic view of wealth misused. People will believe in responsibility and ultimately accountability to the one who There is a common saying that money is the assigned them this wealth in the first place, root of all evil. Many people believe that the Creator Allah Most High. being wealthy is incompatible with being religious. This is based mainly on the The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him discussion above concerning the concept of and give him peace) said: “The feet of a ‘self-interest’ towards generating wealth. servant will not move on the Day of Islam however does not hold this view that Judgment until he has been questioned money and wealth are inherently ‘evil’. about four things: his life - how he spent it, his knowledge - how he acted upon it, Islam believes that all wealth belongs to his wealth - where he earned it and how Allah Most High since He Most High is the he spent it, and his body - how he used Owner of all the Dominion (Malik al-Mulk). it.” 2 The Holy Qur’an states clearly that wealth Islam is not against people becoming rich or and property (Maal) belongs to Allah Most businesses making profits as long as the High and that He Most High is the one who economic transactions that generated this gives wealth to people. wealth conform to the Islamic shariah. This is summarised in the following verse of the ‫ﻭَﺁُﻮ ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﱠﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﺁﺗَﺎﻛﻢ‬ ْ‫ﹸ‬ ِ‫ﺗ ﻫ ﻣ ﻣ ﹺ ﻠ‬ Holy Qur’an. “And give them from the property of Allah (Maalillah), which He gave to ‫ﻭﹶﺃﺣﻞﱠ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺍﹾﻟَﺒْﻴﻊ ﻭﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱢﺑَﺎ‬ ‫َ َ ﻠُ َ َ َ ﱠَ ﺮ‬ you.” 1 “Allah has permitted trade (al-bai’) and forbidden usury (riba).” 3 When Allah Most High addresses the issue of the origin of property, He attributes its                                                              2   Hadith book Tirmidhi, Kitab sifat al Qiyamah wal                                                               Raqa’iq 1  Holy Qur’an. Chapter An‐Noor, verse 33    3    Holy Qur’an. Chapter Al‐Baqara, verse 275  39   
  • 40. From this verse and its practical ordinary people look up to and try to implementation by the Prophet Muhammad emulate their success. (Allah bless him and give him peace) and his companions the scholars of Islam derived a It’s this view of success which caused the detailed understanding of halal and haram housing bubble and drove the record levels financial transactions. The early Muslims of debt and the ‘buy now pay later’ culture. implemented these rules in the lands they ruled over and in their international trade From the poor sub-prime mortgage buyer with other nations. In fact the first contact who was sold the dream of home ownership with Islam by many non-Muslims was to the CEO’s of the banks that gambled through Muslim traders such as in South people’s money on risky financial dealings, East Asia. all share the same concept of what it means to be successful and ultimately happy. A businessman and trader who abides by the Islamic Shariah in his financial dealings Islamic view of success was praised by the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) when Despite western societies having a high he said: “The truthful and trustworthy standard of living and being the most merchant will be in the company of the materially advanced in the world, the rates Prophets, the upright and the martyrs.” 1 of depression and suicides are much higher than some of the poorest countries on earth. Capitalist view of success If success is truly material then this shouldn’t be the case. Moreover the The concept of success and happiness is celebrities who have reached this pinnacle of fundamental to every human beings life. It material success are actually the ones who gives a sense of purpose and a goal to strive suffer the most from drug abuse, alcoholism for. What it means to be successful may vary and depression. This proves that there is among people but the general view in more to happiness than simply materialistic western societies is that success is measured pleasures. by the amount of wealth and sensual pleasure a person attains. Those celebrities Islam defines the purpose in life for every who are deemed to be successful are the human being as worshipping Allah Most wealthy politicians, pop stars and billionaire High. businessman with their private jets, luxury mansions and fleets of sports cars. These people become the role models from which                                                              1  Hadith book Tirmidhi  40   
  • 41. ‫ﻭﻣَﺎ ﺧﻠﻘ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ﻭَﺍﻟﹾﺈﹺﻧﺲَ ﺇﹺﱠﺎ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫َ َ ﹶ ﹾﺖ ﹺ ﱠ‬ any hardship or experience any distress." 2 ‫ِﻟَﻴﻌُﺒ ُﻭﻥ‬ ِ ‫ْﺪ‬ As mentioned previously. Although success “And I have not created jinn and men in Islam is not materialistic this does not in except that they should worship Me.” 1 any way mean that Islam is against the pursuit of wealth and owning property. Success (falah) in Islam is achieving the What Islam opposes is making the objective pleasure of Allah Most High and being in life the pursuit of the material world admitted into everlasting bliss in Paradise (dunya) at the expense of the hereafter (jannah), even if that person lived the most (akhira). In fact Islam obliges people to materially deprived and painful life. work to earn their provision (rizk) and not simply sit and live off others. Anas b. Malik reported that Allah's Messenger (Allah bless him and give The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him him peace) said that one amongst the and give him peace) said, "The upper hand denizens of Hell who had led a life of is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who ease and plenty amongst the people of gives in charity is better than him who the world would be made to dip in Fire takes it). One should start giving first to only once on the Day of Resurrection his dependents. And the best object of and then it would be said to him: "Oh, charity is that which is given by a son of Adam, did you find any comfort, wealthy person (from the money which did you happen to get any material is left after his expenses). And whoever blessing?" He would say: "By Allah, no, abstains from asking others for some my Lord." financial help, Allah will give him and save him from asking others, Allah will And then that person from amongst the make him self-sufficient." 3 persons of the world be brought who had led the most miserable life (in the Islam believes in financial responsibility world) from amongst the inmates of firstly to Allah Most High through abiding Paradise, and he would be made to dip by the halal economic transactions. Then once in Paradise and it would be said to secondly, through responsibility to oneself him. "Oh, son of Adam, did you face, and family by providing a sufficient standard any hardship? Or had any distress fallen of living without asking from others. And to your lot?" And he would say: "By finally to the wider society through giving Allah, no, Oh my Lord, never did I face                                                              2  Hadith book Sahih Muslim, Book 039, Number  6738  3                                                               Hadith book Bukhari, Narrated by Hakim bin  1  Holy Qur’an. Chapter Adh‐dhaariyat, verse 56  Hizam  41   
  • 42. the obligatory charity (zakat) each year and give him peace) told him: ‘Do not love the additional charity (sadaqa) as much as one world, and Allah will love you; and do can afford. It’s this responsibility historically not have a longing for that which people that led to the eradication of poverty in the have, and they will love you.’ 2 lands ruled over by the Islamic State in the time of Caliph Umar bin Abdul-Azeez. Recommendations Many times in the Holy Qur’an Allah Most • Mosque becomes advice centre to local High directs human beings to the blessings major employers and job centres on He has granted them. One of these blessing Islamic issues. is the wealth which He Most High has given to some more than others. A simple method • Use debit cards or pre-paid credit cards that both Muslims and non-Muslims can use for transactions not interest bearing to appreciate their current standard of living credit cards. and not fall prey to depression simply because they fail to become millionaires is to • Promote the Al-Mudarabah business follow the advice of the Prophet model as a means to bring together Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him wealthy business investors with peace). unemployed people. Al-Mudarabah is a business consisting of a capital partner The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and a body or effort partner. The capital and give him peace) said: “Look at the partner(s) provides the initial start up person who is inferior to you, and do not money for the business and is liable for look at one who is superior to you. all the business debts. He does not Thereby you would be able to appreciate contribute any effort to the business. better the benevolences of Allah The body partner provides his/her bestowed upon you.” 1 effort only but no capital. He is not liable for the business debts. Abdul-Abbas Sahl bin Sa’ad Al-Sa’idi said that a man came to the Messenger of Allah • Courses on Financial Literacy and debt (Allah bless him and give him peace) and awareness run by mosques and schools requested him: ‘Messenger of Allah (Allah for the whole community. bless him and give him peace), tell me something by doing which, I should win the love of Allah and the people.’ The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and                                                              1  Narrated by Abu Hurairah in the hadith books                                                               2 Bukhari and Muslim   Hadith book Ibn Majah  42   
  • 43. 5. Strengthening the role of the family ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺁﻳَﺎِﺗﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻟﹶ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﹶﻧ ﹸﺴ ﹸﻢ ﹶﺃﺯﻭَﺍﺟًﺎ ﱢَﺘﺴﻜُﻮﺍ ﹺﺇﹶﻟْﻴﻬَﺎ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﺑَﻴْﻨَ ﹸﻢ‬ ‫َ ََ ﹶ ﻜ‬ ‫َ ِ ْ ِ ﹾ َﹶ َ ﻜ ﱢ ْ ﻔ ِﻜ ْ ْ ﻟ ْ ﹸﻨ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂﻳَﺎﺕ ﱢﻟﻘﻮﻡ َﻳَﺘﻔﻜ ُﻭﻥ‬ ‫ٍ ﹶ ْ ﹴ ﹶ ﱠﺮ ﹶ‬ َ ‫ﱠ َ ﱠﹰ َ َ ْ َ ﹰ ﻥ ﹶ‬ “Another of His signs is that He created spouses from among yourselves for you to live with in tranquillity: He ordained love and kindness between you.” Holy Qur’an, 30:21 43   
  • 44. The family is at the heart of an individual’s and grandchildren. sense of self; it provides a set of values that often, but not always underpin decisions In order to achieve a more responsible and and choices throughout life. The makeup of progressive community the issues relating to a family has changed dramatically over the families can be divided into six key areas. last 50 years and as a result there is a lot of These are explained along with the Islamic attention given to the impact of this on approach to each of the areas. society. 1. Counselling and support The foundation for functional family life and ultimately responsible living is effective Noor Ul Islam research revealed that issues communication and understanding. This is such as rising divorce rates and teenage true of the relationship between husband pregnancies were major concerns. See figure and wife, parents and children, grandparents 4. Figure 4 Evidence demonstrates that social problems This is not just a problem for the Muslim are more prevalent among those who have community but for wider society in general had personal experience of family and with divorce statistics on the rise there breakdown. These include: is a strong risk that the knock on effects will become more acute over the next • Educational problems generation. • Drug and alcohol problems • Debt • Unemployment 44   
  • 45. Islam places great emphasis on helping to couple want to put things right, Allah alleviate the difficulties of others especially will bring about a reconciliation between those going through difficulties related to them: He is all knowing, all aware.” 2 the family. 2. Family Communication The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: “Whosoever Day to day communication within the relieves from a believer some grief family remains as important today as it did pertaining to this world, Allah will when extended families were the norm two relieve from him some grief pertaining generations ago. Factors such as longer to the Hereafter.” 1 commutes into work, the growth and affordability of entertainment media and If disputes and conflict arise between the longer working hours have contributed spouses then an arbitrator is appointed from towards the deterioration of ‘family time’. the wife's family and an arbitrator from the family of the husband. This family assembly Communication within the family is will listen to the complaints of both parties extremely important because it enables and do its outmost to bring about members to express their needs, wants, and reconciliation. If reconciliation between concerns to each other. Open and honest them was not possible, then the assembly communication creates an atmosphere that would separate them from each other in the allows family members to express their manner that it sees fit, according to the differences as well as love and admiration findings of its investigation. This is in for one another. It is through accordance with the verse of Qur’an: communication that family members are able to resolve the unavoidable problems ‫ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ﺧﻔُﺘﻢ ﺷﻘﹶﺎﻕ َﺑْﻴﹺﻨﻬﻤَﺎ ﻓﹶﺎْﺑﻌﹸﻮﹾﺍ‬ ‫َﺜ‬ ‫َ ﹾ ِﹾ ْ ِ َ ﹺ‬ that arise in all families. ‫ﺣَﻜﹶﻤًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻭﺣﻜﻤًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻬَﺎ‬ ِْ ْ ‫ﱢ ْ ِْ ِ َ َ ﹶ ﱢ‬ Effective communication is generally found in strong families, whereas poor ‫ﺇﹺﻥ ُﺮﹺﻳﺪَﺍ ﹺﺇﺻﻼﺣًﺎ ُﻮﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ َﺑْﻴَﻨﻬﻤَﺎ‬ ُ ُ ‫ْ ﹶ ﻳ َﱢ ﹺ ﻠ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ communication is usually found in weaker family relationships. Marriage and family ‫ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋﻠِﻴﻤًﺎ ﺧﹺﺒﲑًﺍ‬ َ َ ‫ﻥ ﹼَ ﹶ‬ therapists often report that poor communication is a common complaint of “If you [believers] fear that a couple may families who are having problems such as break up, appoint one arbiter from his excessive family conflict, ineffective family and one from hers. Then, if the problem solving, lack of intimacy, and weak emotional bonding.                                                              1  Narrated by Abu Hurairah in hadith book Sahih                                                               2 Muslim   Holy Qur’an. Chapter An‐Nisa, verse 35  45   
  • 46. Islam obliged keeping good relations seated.” 2 between the family members even if those relatives had severed relations with him/her. 3. Inter-generational issues The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him Our survey revealed concerns around inter- and give him peace) said: “The Al-wasil generational communication issues. The (the one who keeps good ties with kith challenge for families is to balance the and kin) is not the one who values and beliefs of migrant recompenses the good done to him by parents/grandparents with those of their his relatives, but Al-Wasil is the one who children against the backdrop of 21st century keeps good relations with those relatives Britain. who had severed the bond of kinship with him.” 1 The desire to engage in wider society with diverse cultures and faiths can bring Communication between parents and tensions in a household built on traditional children is always a difficult area especially Islamic values. This can lead to between father and daughter. However, the disagreements on dress, socialising, work, relationship between the Prophet travel and relationships. The resulting Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him tension can contribute to stress, anxiety and peace) and his daughter Fatimah shows us ultimately communication breakdown where an excellent example to follow. the family fragment and separate. Ayesha, wife of the Prophet Muhammad Overcoming inter-generational issues (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: requires both the children and their parents “Never have I seen anyone more like the to act according to Islam. The parents have Messenger of Allah in his solemn way a responsibility to keep their children on the (of standing and sitting) than Fatima.” straight path and to give guidance to them She added, “When she (Fatima) came in in the best manner. the room to see him, he (The Holy Prophet) would rise to his feet, take her The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him hand, kiss her and seat her where he was and give him peace) said: “Right guidance, seated. And when he came to see her, graceful manners, deliberation and she would stand up, take his hand, kiss moderation, are one part of twenty-five him and seat him where she was parts of Prophethood.” 3                                                              2  Azieza Hamid, ‘Fatimah Daughter of  Muhammed,’ Muslim Education & Literary                                                               Services  1 3  Narrated by Abdullah bin Amr in hadith book   Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas in the hadith books  Bukhari  Ahmad and Abu Dawud.  46   
  • 47. relationships emanate such as motherhood, The children also have a responsibility to fatherhood, brotherhood and sisterhood. It communicate with their parents in the best is an institution that requires commitment, manner. sacrifice and patience (sabr) to survive. ‫ﻭﻗﻀَﻰ ﺭﱡﺑﻚ ﹶﺃ ﱠ َﺗﻌُﺒ ُﻭﹾﺍ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﹺﺇﱠﺎﻩ‬ ُ ‫َﹶ َ َ ﻻ ْ ﺪ ﻻ ﻳ‬ Unfortunately with the increasing individualism found in society marriages are ‫ﻭﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻮَﺍِﻟﺪْﻳﻦ ﺇﹺﺣْﺴَﺎﻧًﺎ ﹺﺇ ﱠﺎ َﻳْﺒﹸﻐﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ ﻠَ ﱠ‬ ‫َ َ ﹺ‬ collapsing with many couples unwilling to compromise and work to keep their ‫ﻋِﻨﺪﻙ ﺍﹾﻟﻜَﺒﺮ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤَﺎ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻛِﻼﹶ ُﻤَﺎ‬ ‫َ َ ِ َ َُُ ْ ﻫ‬ marriages together. This is especially true for the Muslim community with divorce rates ‫ﻓﻼ َﺗ ﹸﻞ ﱠﻟﻬﻤَﺎ ﹸﺃ ﱟ ﻭﻻ ﺗَﻨْﻬَﺮْ ُﻤَﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﻘ ُ ﻑ َﹶ ﻫ‬ on the rise. ‫ﻭﹸﻞ ﱠﻟﻬﻤَﺎ ﻗﻮﻻ ﻛﺮﳝًﺎ‬ ‫َﻗ ُ ﹶ ْ ﹰ ﹶ ﹺ‬ Marriage in Islam is highly recommended and a moral safeguard as well as a social ‫ﻭَﺍﺧﻔﺾ ﹶﻟﻬﻤَﺎ ﺟﻨَﺎﺡ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻝ ﻣﻦ‬ َ ِ ‫ِْ ْ ُ َ َ ﺬ ﱢ‬ necessity. Furthermore, marriage is the only legitimate or halal way to indulge in intimacy ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﹸﻞ ﺭﺏ ﺍﺭﺣﻤﻬﻤَﺎ ﻛﹶﻤَﺎ‬ ُ ْ َ ْ ‫ﱠ ْ َ ِ َﻗ ﱠ ﱢ‬ between a man and a woman, since there is no concept of pre-marital relations in Islam. ‫ﺭﱠﺑﻴَﺎﻧﹺﻲ ﺻَﻐِﲑًﺍ‬ َ The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him “Your Lord has commanded that you and give him peace) said: “O you should worship none but Him, and that youngsters. Whoever amongst you who you be kind to your parents. If either or can afford to marry should marry, both of them reach old age with you, say because it will help him more to lower no word that shows impatience with his gaze, and guard his modesty (i.e. them, and do not be harsh with them, private parts from unlawful sex). And but speak to them respectfully and lower whoever is not able to marry he should your wing in humility towards them in fast, because it will be protection for kindness and say, ‘Lord, have mercy on him.” 2 them, just as they cared for me when I was little.’” 1 Islam ordered the husband to treat his wife well and not to oppress her. 4. Marriage Marriage is the foundation of family life from which the entire range of family                                                                                                                           1 2  Holy Qur'an. Chapter Al‐Israa', verses 23‐24   Narrated by Ibn Masud in hadith book Bukhari.  47   
  • 48. The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him Islamic reasons or because the proposer and give him peace) said: “The best of you does not live up to their high expectations in is he who is best to his wife.” 1 terms of career, wealth or family status. Islam also completely forbids forced The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him marriage where parents force their son or and give him peace) said: “When someone daughter into a marriage without their whose character and morals are consent. agreeable to you approaches you for marriage give your daughter to him in A young girl came to the Messenger of marriage. If you do not then there will be Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) tribulation and immense corruption in and said: “My father married me off to his the earth.” They said: “O Messenger of nephew in order to raise his lowly Allah, even if he has some deficiency?” status.” So the Prophet (Allah bless him He said: “When someone comes whose and give him peace) gave her the right to character and morals are agreeable to repudiate the marriage. She responded: “I you and approaches you for marriage, accept what my father has done, but I give your daughter to him in marriage.” wanted to inform the (other) women that He said this three times. 3 fathers do not have any authority to give their daughters in marriage against their 5. Elderly wishes.” 2 Due to growing individualism and a The meaning of her statement: “in order to weakening of the traditional family structure raise his lowly status” is that her father there is a greater risk of the elderly wanted to raise his nephew's social standing becoming isolated or excluded from society. by marrying her to him. This means that the This can lead to a significant impact in father gave her in marriage against her wish terms of cost to the community and a because she did not consider him suitable potential deterioration in community for her, not because she thought he was not cohesion. a match for her, indeed he was her cousin, but because she did not agree to the Islam ordered the respect of the elderly. marriage. The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him The parents should not prevent their and give him peace) said: “He is not from children from getting married due to un- my Ummah who does not acknowledge the honour due to our elders, who shows                                                              1  Narrated by Aisha in hadith book Tirmidhi.                                                               2 3  Abdullah b. Burayda narrates on the authority of   Narrated by Abu Hatim al‐Muzani in the hadith  his father in hadith book Ahmed.  book Al‐Baihaqi  48   
  • 49. no mercy to our younger ones and nor they had finished, he realised the Wudhu recognises the right of our scholar.” 1 done by the boys was methodical and correct. It was his own Wudhu which was The etiquette when dealing with the elderly incorrect. is summed up in the story of the grandsons of the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him Turning to Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain, and give him peace) when they advised the he gently said: "The wudhu done by you old man of his mistake in making wudhu is absolutely correct. I am grateful that (ablution). you chose to guide me in such a beautiful manner." An old man sat to do his wudhu. But his wudhu was not correct. Imam Hasan and 6. Parenting Imam Hussain the grandsons of the Prophet Mohammad (Allah bless him and give him Functional families are better able to meet peace), then two young boys, watched him. the needs of children and transfer the They immediately realised that the old man psychological and behavioural benefits to was not doing his wudhu correctly, but the next generation – key benefits include: hesitated to tell him directly. Perhaps the old man would feel humiliated by two young 1. Secure attachments boys, or he might even lose interest in the 2. Autonomy, confidence and a sense of act of worship. Sitting next to him, they identity started to do the wudhu and during the 3. Freedom to express valid needs and wudhu, Imam Hasan said: "Oh Hussain emotions my wudhu is correct and more perfect 4. Spontaneity and play than yours." 5. Realistic limits and self control In reply, Imam Hussain insisted that his Parents and their behaviour have the biggest own wudhu was better than Imam Hasan’s. influence on the children. Responsible parenting is therefore essential in developing Finally they said: "Let us refer to this the next generation and preventing many of gentleman. He is older than us and the social ills that arise from poor parenting. should be able to decide." Parenting is a great responsibility and the The old man was listening patiently. The parents will be questioned on the Day of boys performed their wudhu under his Judgement about how they fulfilled this supervision, one after the other. And when action.                                                              1  Narrated by 'Ubaadah b. as‐Saamit in hadith  books Ahmad and Tabaraani  49   
  • 50. The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him Recommendations and give him peace) said: “Each of you is a guardian and is responsible for those • Mosque family counselling services whom he is in charge of...A man is the relating to teenage issues, debt issues, guardian of his family and is responsible drugs and bereavement. for those under his care; a woman is a guardian of her husband's home and is • Pre-marital training and marriage responsible for those under her care.” 1 counselling service to be established by mosques. There is a great reward for bringing up children especially daughters. • Mosques in partnership with Local Authorities to develop care strategy The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him programmes for the elderly peace) said: “Whoever had three daughters and showed patience in their • Encourage greater parental participation keeping, their pleasure and displeasure, in schools Allah admits him to Paradise for his mercy over them.” A man asked, “And • Provision of pre-natal training what about two daughters, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “And two daughters • Provision of post – natal support groups as well.” Another asked, “O Messenger of Allah, what about one daughter?” He • Development of parenting skill said, “And one daughter as well.” 2 workshops                                                              1  Narrated by Ibn Umar in hadith books Bukhari  and Muslim  2  Narrated by Abu Huraira in the hadith book Al‐ Hakim  50   
  • 51. Annex: Survey Results The Noor Ul Islam Think Tank conducted a research survey exploring the main issues affecting the residents of the London Borough of Waltham Forest. This research was used as source material for some of the chapters and their recommendations in this document. 1 The survey contained questions related to six key problem areas and took into account the views of both Muslims and non-Muslims. 1. Education 2. Health 3. Islam 4. Family 5. Housing 6. Social & Economic The results from each survey section are outlined below. Each section contains three separate results – Muslims, Non-Muslims and a combined overall result. 1. EDUCATION The survey, comprising all elements of the community, highlighted the under achievements of children from minority groups as the top category with 25% of the overall response. Lack of availability of faith                                                              1  The full survey results and methodology is available from Noor Ul Islam on request.  51   
  • 52. schools within the educational system was considered as the second most important issue by the majority of those surveyed with 20%. 16% felt high university tuition fees was problematic for the community followed closely by Bullying at school, which 15% of those questioned felt was an issue. 32% of the Muslims surveyed considered Under achievement of children from minority communities was the biggest issue facing the community in Waltham Forest, followed by Lack of availability of faith schools which resulted in 30% of those surveyed. The survey also found High university tuition fees as an area they felt was a cause for concern with 13%. Bullying at school was also viewed as a problem with 8% of those surveyed. 52   
  • 53. 26% of the non-Muslims surveyed felt bullying at school was by far the most relevant issue facing the education system followed by 21% who felt High university tuition fees and Language problems were issues which needed attention within the Education sector. This category also felt Under achievement of children from minority communities was an area of concern – 15% of those surveyed were of this opinion and 8% of the survey group considered Racial discrimination to be a problem within education in Waltham Forest. 2. HEALTH The ‘Unhygienic environment in hospitals’ had the highest percentage with 28%. The ‘Lack of resources in hospitals’ (19%) and taking ‘too long to get a GP appointment’ (16%) also polled favourably. Both Muslims and non-Muslims regarded the ‘Unhygienic environment in hospitals’ and the ‘Lack of resources in hospitals’ as their major problems. However, a key difference amongst Muslim interviewees was a higher percentage (17%) that rated the ‘Lack of availability of female doctors for female patients’ as a key problem. 53   
  • 54. The results for non-Muslim interviewees again were dominated by the ‘Unhygienic environment in hospitals’ and the ‘Lack of resources in hospitals’ which was similar to the survey results of Muslim interviewees. 3. FAMILY ‘Deterioration of family values’ had the highest percentage with 27% whilst ‘Lack of communication and understanding between early and later generations (23%) and ‘High Divorce rate’ (21%) also polled favourably. 54   
  • 55. A key difference amongst Muslim interviewees was a higher percentage (21%) that rated ‘Forced Marriages’ as their most important problem. Interestingly there was also a higher percentage for the ‘High divorce rate’ (24%) category. The results for the Non-Muslim interviewees were dominated by two categories which was a contrast from the survey results of Muslim interviewees. ‘Deterioration of family values’ (33%) was seen as the most important problem along with the ‘Lack of communication and understanding between early and later generations’ (26%). 55   
  • 56. 4. HOUSING ‘Unaffordable housing’ had the highest percentage with 56% whilst ‘Lack of availability of accommodation’ (19%) and ‘Overcrowding’ (16%) also polled favourably. A key difference amongst Muslim interviewees was a higher percentage (63%) that rated ‘Unaffordable Housing’ as their most important problem. Consequently ‘Lack of availability of accommodation’ (16%) and ‘Overcrowding’ (13%) had lower a percentage of responses that rated them as their most important problem from the total population. 56   
  • 57. The results for the Non-Muslim interviewees also rated ‘Unaffordable Housing’ (44%) as their most important problem although at a lower percentage than the Muslim Interviewees. Interestingly ‘Lack of availability of accommodation’ (26%) and ‘Overcrowding’ (21%) had a higher percentage of responses than those within the Muslim interviewees. 5. ISLAM The ‘Negative picture of Islam/Muslims portrayed by mainstream media’ was overwhelmingly seen as the major problem by Muslims with a response of 57%. ‘Anti-terror legislations and their affects on Muslim communities’ (13%) and ‘British Foreign policy and its impact on Muslims in Britain’ (8%) were also key concerns for those surveyed. 57   
  • 58. The ‘Lack of responsiveness/awareness on the part of Imams with regard to problems faced’ (6%) and ‘Islamophobia’ (5%) also polled favourably. 6. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC In the total sample within this category, Lack of mutual respect and tolerance polled the strongest with 24% and Drug abuse and gang culture closely behind with 23%. Racism in the community and institutions and violent youth crimes polled equally with 16% each. The data reveals a stark contrast in the lack of recreational facilities between Muslims and non Muslims and may indicate the differences in cultural attitudes towards recreation and activities such as sport and fitness which would impact on health and obesity issues and youth and gang culture. Lack of mutual respect and tolerance was the strongest concern throughout the category and points towards issues in anti social behaviour and prejudice. 58   
  • 59. Within the Muslim sub category presented equal responses at 21% for Racism in the community and institutions, Lack of mutual respect and tolerance, Drug abuse and gang culture and Violent youth crimes while lack of recreational facilities polled lowest at 1% Non- Muslims considered Lack of mutual respect and tolerance to be the biggest problem at 31% closely followed by concerns about Drug abuse and gang culture at 26%. Lack of recreational facilities was presented as the third highest problem within this sub group at 20%.         59   
  • 60. 60   
  • 61. Glossary of terms   Akhira Hereafter Alimah Female scholar Al-Mudarabah Al-Mudarabah is a business consisting of a capital partner and a body or effort partner. The capital partner(s) provides the initial start up money for the business and is liable for all the business debts. He does not contribute any effort to the business. The body partner provides his/her effort only but no capital. He is not liable for the business debts. Al- Mufassal Last section of the Qur’an whose verses contain detailed descriptions of Paradise and Hellfire. Bai’ Trade Falah Success Halal Permissible Haram Forbidden Hifz Memorisation of Qur’an ‘ilm Knowledge Imam Leader of the congregational prayer Khamr Literally wine but refers to all intoxicants Khutbah Sermon Kulliye Kulliye is an Ottomanized Arabic word that means comprehensive, complete, or all-inclusive. Jannah Paradise Jama'at Group 61   
  • 62. Maal Wealth Maalillah Property of Allah Madrassa Islamic school Riba Usury or interest Rizk Provision Sabr Patience or perseverance Sadaqa Charity Shariah Islamic law Tafseer Explanation of the Qur’an Taqwa God Consciousness Ummah Nation Wudhu Ablution. Ritual washing Muslims undertake before performing their prayer. Zakat Obligatory charity paid once per year on those who reach a minimum level of wealth (nisab).   62   
  • 63.    
  • 64. Noor Ul Islam Think Tank    

×