Martyrs: Inter-Jewish Conflicts lead to Christian Persecutions <ul><li>Christians and Jews clashed among the various facti...
Martyrs [pg 27] #2 <ul><li>The first Christians who were Hebrew speaking Jews saw themselves as Jews </li></ul><ul><li>The...
The Roman Persecutions <ul><li>These persecutions were the ones most important in the development of Christianity </li></u...
The Roman Persecutions # 2 <ul><li>Unfortunately, two things happened </li></ul><ul><li>First, the squabbles between the J...
The Roman Persecutions # 3 <ul><li>The following are the factors which led to Christian persecution </li></ul><ul><li>1.  ...
The Age of Persecutions <ul><li>Only one persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Varied according to locale </li></ul><ul><li>Herod ...
The Edict of Milan - 1 <ul><li>23 Emperors ruled from 235-284 </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Severus (222-235)  Maximinus Thr...
The Edict of Milan - 2 <ul><li>Diocletian begins the great persecution in 303 </li></ul><ul><li>reinstates emperor worship...
Martyrs <ul><li>Heroes for Christians to emulate </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder of how precious is our faith </li></ul><ul><li...
Apologists --- Defenders of the Faith <ul><li>The early Christians were Jews…  </li></ul><ul><li>Jews/Christians reacted a...
Apologists <ul><li>Atheism </li></ul><ul><li>Incarnation </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Social Structure...
The Bible Canon <ul><li>46 books in the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>27 books in the New Testament </li></ul>Stages of ...
Tradition [pg 38] <ul><li>The life of the Church passed down in truth </li></ul><ul><li>and reality </li></ul><ul><li>Depo...
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Chpt2 Spreadingthe Messagepages27 38

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Chpt2 Spreadingthe Messagepages27 38

  1. 1. Martyrs: Inter-Jewish Conflicts lead to Christian Persecutions <ul><li>Christians and Jews clashed among the various factions </li></ul><ul><li>The Hellenistic Jews were always complaining they were being neglected </li></ul><ul><li>To solve the problem, seven deacons were appointed </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen was arrested because of his preaching and was stoned to death </li></ul><ul><li>He was the first Christian martyr </li></ul>
  2. 2. Martyrs [pg 27] #2 <ul><li>The first Christians who were Hebrew speaking Jews saw themselves as Jews </li></ul><ul><li>They went to the Temple, followed the dietary laws, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>When Stephen was martyred, the Hellenistic Jews scattered, especially to places like Antioch and started to spread the word to anyone, including the gentiles who would listen </li></ul><ul><li>In Antioch, the term Christian was first used… they spoke Greek there… Duh!!! </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Roman Persecutions <ul><li>These persecutions were the ones most important in the development of Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>At first, Rome ignored the Christians and the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity was seen as a splinter from Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>The problem with Jews and Christians was monotheism… Romans were polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Be cool and you can practice your religion </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Roman Persecutions # 2 <ul><li>Unfortunately, two things happened </li></ul><ul><li>First, the squabbles between the Jews and Christians disrupted the peace of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Second, the Christian ideal of God being the supreme being, interfered with Roman religious practices… especially emperor worship </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Roman Persecutions # 3 <ul><li>The following are the factors which led to Christian persecution </li></ul><ul><li>1. Once Christianity separated from Judaism it lost is protection and became illegal </li></ul><ul><li>2. Christianity spread like wildfire </li></ul><ul><li>3. Christianity rejected emperor worship and the worship of the Roman gods </li></ul><ul><li>4. Gentiles became full members of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>5. Christianity was seen as a secret society </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Age of Persecutions <ul><li>Only one persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Varied according to locale </li></ul><ul><li>Herod Agrippa I [BUT HE WAS JEWISH] was </li></ul><ul><li>the first to do major persecution of Christians in </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Nero began Roman persecution after fire in July 64 </li></ul><ul><li>Nero’s plan was to build “Neropolis” </li></ul><ul><li>Killed Peter and Paul </li></ul><ul><li>Domitian --- first empire wide persecution 81-96 </li></ul><ul><li>Roman governor Pliny wrote to Emperor Trajan </li></ul><ul><li>Decius--- Emperor who believed he eradicated </li></ul><ul><li>Christians </li></ul><ul><li>Deacon Laurence Perpetua and Felicity </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Edict of Milan - 1 <ul><li>23 Emperors ruled from 235-284 </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Severus (222-235) Maximinus Thrax (235-238) </li></ul><ul><li>Gordian I, Godian II (238) Pupienus, Balbinus (238) </li></ul><ul><li>Gordian III (238-244) Philippus Arabs (244-249) </li></ul><ul><li>Decius (249-251) Trebonianus Gallus (251-253) </li></ul><ul><li>Aemilius Aemilianus (253) Valerian (253-260) </li></ul><ul><li>[Gallic Empire Postumus (260-269) Laelianus (269) </li></ul><ul><li>Marius (269) Victorinus (269-271) Tetricus (271-274) ] </li></ul><ul><li>Claudius II (268-270) Quintillus (270) Aurelian (270-275) </li></ul><ul><li>Tacitus (275-276) Florianus (276) Probus (276-282) </li></ul><ul><li>Carus (282-283) Numerian (283-284) Carinus (283-285) </li></ul><ul><li>DIOCLETIAN (284-305) In 286 splits the empire and rules </li></ul><ul><li>the East </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Edict of Milan - 2 <ul><li>Diocletian begins the great persecution in 303 </li></ul><ul><li>reinstates emperor worship </li></ul><ul><li>Diocletian abdicates in 312 leaving the throne open </li></ul><ul><li>The Milvian Bridge / the Chi-rho </li></ul><ul><li>The Edict of Milan / agreement with Licinius </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat of Licinius and movement of empire to </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantium </li></ul>
  9. 9. Martyrs <ul><li>Heroes for Christians to emulate </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder of how precious is our faith </li></ul><ul><li>Relics and altars </li></ul><ul><li>Church establishes a creed (essential </li></ul><ul><li>beliefs) </li></ul><ul><li>Church establishes rites and rituals </li></ul><ul><li>(sacramental system) </li></ul><ul><li>Church organizes roles of various </li></ul><ul><ul><li>members </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Apologists --- Defenders of the Faith <ul><li>The early Christians were Jews… </li></ul><ul><li>Jews/Christians reacted according to the covenant of Moses (doing) </li></ul><ul><li>Gentile/Christians reacted in a philosophical way (being) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Right doing vs right thinking” </li></ul><ul><li>Theology--- rational study of religious matters </li></ul><ul><li>Heretics--- one who opposes the official teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Apologists--- one who defends and explains the faith </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodoxy --- “correct thinking” </li></ul><ul><li>Justin Martyr, Tatian, Tertullian, Origen </li></ul>
  11. 11. Apologists <ul><li>Atheism </li></ul><ul><li>Incarnation </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Social Structure of the early community </li></ul><ul><li>Agnosticism </li></ul><ul><li>Lapsi / Apostasy / Apostasy </li></ul><ul><li>* Novatian </li></ul><ul><li>* Cornelius </li></ul><ul><li>* Cyprian </li></ul><ul><li>* Stephen --- Sacraments belong to Christ, the validity </li></ul><ul><li>of the sacrament depends on the form not the </li></ul><ul><li>minister’s condition </li></ul><ul><li>Easter Controversy--- establishing the date </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Bible Canon <ul><li>46 books in the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>27 books in the New Testament </li></ul>Stages of Developing the Gospels <ul><li>The life and teaching of Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>The oral tradition </li></ul><ul><li>The written gospels </li></ul><ul><li>Setting the canon </li></ul><ul><li>* eyewitness accounts </li></ul><ul><li>* accurate reflection of the teachings of Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>* used in the liturgical sense consistently </li></ul><ul><li>* general consensus </li></ul>Tradition <ul><li>The life of the Church passed down in truth and reality </li></ul><ul><li>Deposit of faith from the teaching of the apostles passed on </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tradition [pg 38] <ul><li>The life of the Church passed down in truth </li></ul><ul><li>and reality </li></ul><ul><li>Deposit of faith from the teaching of the </li></ul><ul><li>apostles passed on </li></ul>
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