California History Victoria 2009-2010 Fourth Grade
The valley region is a farming region with other towns that are urban or suburban. The valley region gets their water from the mountains far above. The capital of Ca is inside the valley region. They also have many jobs
The mountain region has many industries. The people use the trees for timber to make other products. The most popular timber tree is the Douglas fir. They also have gold mines on the west side of the Sierra Nevada. Some people may live on the mountains.
The coast region is the most popular region in all of Ca. The industries of the coast region are fishing and harbor building. San Diego Bay and San Francisco Bay form excellent harbors so far. Millions of goods are shipped in and out of these harbors.
The desert region is the least popular region in all of Ca. The industries of the desert region are farming, mining, and also looking for salt. The desert region is made out of minerals such as metal, sand, gravel, and stone. These are found by mining.
Juan Cabrillo was a Spanish explorer in 1542. He sailed to Ca because he was looking for a water way all the way through the US to Asia. He had discovered San Diego Bay on September 8 th.
Christopher Columbus was the first person to sail to America in the 1400's. Columbus sailed across the Atlantic ocean with three ships, the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
Sir Francis Drake
Sir Francis Drake was the first pirate in the 1500's. He robbed ships for the queen of England because England was very poor in those days. He robbed all the ships that he saw in his way.
Sebastian Vizcaino came to California in 1602. He also made maps of present-day Monterey Bay that year. He was a Spanish explorer.
Junipero Serra was a missionary who taught Indians his religion. Father Junipero Serra started the first mission in San Diego in 1769.
Gaspar de Portola
In 1767, Spain sent a solder to run it's California colony. His name was Gaspar de Portola. When he arrived, he led an expedition in present-day Monterey.
A rancho is a large area of land where crops are grown and horses, cattle, sheep, and pigs are raised. Ranchos became the center of the area's economy.
Missions were set up for religious purposes. Many California Indians worked on missions. The men farmed and cared for the animals and the women cooked, sewed, gardened, and made candles and soap.
Pueblos are small farming villages. The California Indians that lived there made food for the soldiers in the presidios. The Ca Indians earned money, land, and animals after working.
John Sutter was a pioneer. In 1841, Sutter built a fort near the Sacramento river and the American river. It was called Sutter's fort. He sold supplies to people who were passing through the area.
Ivan Kuskov and Fort Ross
In 1812, Ivan Kuskov led a group of Russians and Alaskans to north San Francisco. They built Fort Ross as a trading post. Then in 1840, they had left the area.
In 1826, Jedediah Smith led the first group of American trappers. He came on land to California through th Utah and Mojave deserts.
James Beckworth was an African-American man. He was also a scout, or guide, who led settlers to California during the 1850's.
In 1841, John Bidwell led the first wagon train to California. He and settlers came from Independence, Missouri.
John C. Fremont
In the early 1840's, John C. Fremont made maps of the area. He wrote reports that made the Americans want to come to the west.
49er's came from the east to find gold in 1849. That's how they earned their nickname, 49er's. James Marshal, a worker from Sutter's Fort, was building a saw mill and saw gold. He told his friend and it got to president Polk. He announced “There's gold in California!”
Sam Brannon was an entrepreneur who bought all the mining supplies and sold them for more. He told everyone about the gold in Ca and made a lot of money.
Levi Strauss was also an entrepreneur. He saw miners need new pants. He took the sails of ships and made pants. He also put rivets and made pockets.
Biddy Mason was born into slavery. Her owner took her into ca where slavery was not aloud. She petitioned her freedom. She also became a nurse and owned a large land in Los Angles.
Mary Tape was a Chinese immigrant who lived in San Francisco. Her daughter wasn't aloud to go to school, so Tape sued Ca. Then a new law was changed, Asian people were aloud to go to Asian American school.
Mexican American War
Some American settlers in California started the Bear Flag Revolt. This started the Mexican American War in 1846. The United States won in 1848.