Role And Function Of The Government
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Role And Function Of The Government

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    Role And Function Of The Government Role And Function Of The Government Presentation Transcript

    • Role and Function of the Government
    • Nurture Democratic media.
      Protect the right to freedom of expression.
      Promote ethics in journalists
      The right to freedom of expression is not absolute; both international lawandmost national constitutions recognise that it may be restricted.
      However, any limitations must remain within strictly defined parameters
    • Section 4 of Article III reads as follows:
      No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of
      expression, or of the press, or the right of the people
      peaceably to assemble and petition the government for
      redress of grievances.
    • The Constitution also contains other provisions with implications for
      media and freedom of expression:
      Article IX-C on the Commission on Elections empowers
      the Commission to “supervise or regulate the enjoyment and utilisation of all franchises and permits for the
      operation of…media of communication… to ensure equal
      opportunity, time and space and the right to reply,
      including reasonable equal rates therefore, for public
      information campaigns and forums…”
    • The right to information is in fact a general principle, as mandated in Article II (Declaration of Principles):
      “… the state adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions.”
      Says the Supreme Court on the right to information:
      …”the right to information… is meant to enhance the widening role of the citizenry in governmental decision-making as well as checking abuse in government.”
    • The Constitution of the Philippines, however, does not explicitly provide
      for restrictions to the right to freedom of expression. The only restrictiontothe rights to expression and information and press freedom isencapsulatedin the provision on the right to privacy.
      Article III, Section 3 of the Constitution states:
      (1) The privacy of communication and correspondence shall
      be inviolable except upon lawful order of the court, or when
      public safety or order requires otherwise as prescribed by
      law.
      (2) Any evidence obtained in violation of this or the
      preceding section shall be inadmissible for any purpose in
      any proceeding.
    • FOR MOST OF THE POST- war period, newspapering was firmly in the hands of big businesspeople who were not shy about using their newspapers to push for legislative and policy changes, put down their rivals and promote their allies. Without much compunction, they used their publications to lash out against their enemies and fight their crusades.
    • Given the constitutional guarantee of a free press, it is very difficult for government to intervene in the way newspapers are run, except by filing charges in courtroom
      Ex. The libel case of Max Soliven and Luis Beltran