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The Library's "Place"

The Library's "Place"



This PowerPoint was made for Dr. Bergquist's Public Libraries Seminar (INLS 843) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the spring of 2010.

This PowerPoint was made for Dr. Bergquist's Public Libraries Seminar (INLS 843) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the spring of 2010.



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    The Library's "Place" The Library's "Place" Presentation Transcript

    • The Library’s “Place”
      Image from http://librisdesign.org/docs/SiteSelectionLibraries.pdf
      Lucy Hart Peaden | Dr. Ron Bergquist | INLS 843: Public Libraries Seminar | 26 February 2010
    • A university is just a group of buildings gathered around a library.--Shelby Foote
      Is a community just a group of buildings gathered around a library?
      Doeslocation matter?
    • Agenda
      A Brief History
      Themes throughout History and Summary Points
      What’s your opinion?
      Library Spatial Research
      Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
      Closing Thoughts
      Reading Suggestions
    • A Brief History of Public Library Locations
      • emergence; prestigious structure in elite neighborhood
      • Carnegie; library building expiration date; libraries a mile apart from each other
      • Joseph Wheeler; downtown; location first (then the rest), no old buildings, rent
      • Great Depression; “superbranches”; post-WWII; suburbia; automobiles
      • Library Services Act (1956); more ALA involvement
      • War on Poverty, Civil Rights Movement, counterculture; Library Services and Construction Act (1964)
      • more diversified; focus on ethnic service centers; Public Library Mission Statement and Its Imperatives for Service
      • less social reform; more research about location; libraries without walls
      • less construction because of economy; focus on location
      • Internet; creative spaces; PLGDB
      2010s and beyond…?
    • Themes throughout History and Summary Points
      • discussion influenced by social norms of the day
      • no clear consensus; ebb and flow
      1) location is a major determinant of use
      2) optimal location = accessible to
      greatest number of users
      3) retail site selection methods are
      considered valuable by librarians
      2010s and beyond…?
    • What’s your opinion?
      downtown vs. near school, park, etc?
      stand-alone building vs. part of larger structure (such as mall)
      parking lots vs. side street parking
      old vs. new structures
    • Library Spatial Research
      Past research has found that distance is the most important determinant in library use.
      distance users live from the library: most usually live within two miles
      Shaughnessy (1970): “a distance of ten to fifteen miles or 20 to 30 minutes of travel time marks the practical limit of a central library’s range.”
      • distance between facilities
      • market area distance range
      • distance and elasticity of demand
      • distance and quality or attractiveness of service
      • distance and library effectiveness
    • Library Spatial Research
      Demographic and consumer behavior patterns
      non-demographic factors
      accessibility (user proximity
      to the library)
      accessibility (mode of travel)
      shopping patterns
      non-demographic user characteristics
      social roles
    • Library Spatial Research
      Demographic user and potential user characteristics
      univariate studies
      degree of urbanization and population density
      political activity
      multivariate studies
      education, life cycle, urban residence
      education, sex, age
      education, age
      education, income, occupation
      education, income, family life cycle
      education, occupation
      Re-siting, closing, and opening
    • Geographic Information System Use
      simplifies the process of analyzing market area data
      produces geographic references such as address and voting district
      maintains and is capable of calculating the relationship among geographic features
      indentifies and analyzes library market profiles
      capable of providing descriptions, explanations, predictions and judgements
      community analysis, market area profile, land selection
    • Closing Thoughts
      Does location matter?
      Is the idea that the location makes or breaks the effectiveness of the library too doom and gloom?
      How can librarians be active players?
      What are some approaches you think are correct? Which ones are incorrect?
    • Additional Reading
      The County of Fresno. (2003). The Heart of a Community: Its Public Library. Meeting Library Needs for Fresno County Residents: 2002-2020. Fresno County, CA: Fresno County Board of Supervisors.
      Koontz, C.M. (2007). A History of Location of U.S. Public Libraries Within Community Place and Space: Evolving
      Implications for the Library’s Mission of Equitable Service. Public Library Quarterly, 26(1/2). doi: 10.1300/J118v26n01_05
      ---. (1997). Library Facility Siting and Location Handbook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
      ---. (2001). The Location of Your Library Building: Why It Is Important, and How to Do it, Using GIS (Geographic
      Information System Software). In M.-F. Bisbrouk (ed.), Library Buildings in a Changing Environment (pp.
      141-153). München: K.G. Saur.
      ---. (1992). Public Library Site Evaluation and Location: Past and Present Market-Based Modeling Tools for the
      Future. Library & Information Science Research, 14 (4), 379-409.
      ---. (1994). Retail Location Theory: Can It Help Solve the Public Library Location Dilemma? In J. M. Greiner (ed.),
      Research Issues in Public Librarianship (pp. 171-181). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
      ---. (2002). Where do Our Library Customers Live (and Why Should We Care?). Retrieved from
      Marcum, Deanna B. (1996). Redefining Community through the Public Library. Daedalus, 125 (4, Books, Bricks, and
      Bytes), 191-205. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20027393.
      WBDG Staff. (2009). Public Library. Retrieved from http://www.wbdg.org/design/public_library.php