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15% - 25% of people with Parkinson's report having a relative with the disease
parent or sibling have a two-to-three fold increased risk of developing Parkinson's
not directly inherited
rural living, well water, herbicide use and exposure to pesticides
No conclusive evidence that any environmental factor, alone, can be considered a cause of the disease.
Environmental factors have been helpful in studying laboratory models of Parkinson's disease.
Bradykinesia (slow movemet)
Rigidity- stiffness in arm, leg, and neck
Resting Tremor- involuntary movement from muscles. Happens most when resting
Loss of Posture reflexes- bad posture balance that can lead to falling
Fatigue and Malaise
Difficulty standing up when seated
small, cramped, spidery handwritting,
loosing thoughts or track of words
Sadness for no apparent reason
Remaining in the same position for a long period of time
Although there is no known treatment that cures Parkinson’s disease.
Treatment however does exist for some of the symptoms that accompany Parkinson’s. the symptoms are different for every person with this disease so there is no specific treatment to help you deal with the symptoms.
Progression of disease
The medication used may also depend on when the person with the disease decides to begin taking it.
At any and all stages of PD you can use
Pramipexole- takes place of dopamine
Ropinirole- improve your ability to move and decrease shakiness (tremor), stiffness, slowed movement, and unsteadiness
Apomorphine- unfreeze muscles
Selegiline- decreases the dose of levodopa needed to control symptoms, stopping the effects of levodopa from wearing off between doses, and increasing the length of time that levodopa will continue to control symptoms.
Trihexyphenidyl- for the control of extrapyramidal disorders caused by central nervous system drugs
Levodopa(gold treatment)- long term negative effects When bradlykinesia occurs medicine is determined by severity of symptoms/side effects of drugs
MPTP (heroin) can cause immediate and permanent parkinsonism if injection
In the United States, at least 500,000 people are believed to suffer from Parkinson's disease, and about 50,000 new cases are reported annually.
Getting an accurate count of the number of cases may be impossible because many people in the early stages assume that their symptoms are the result of normal aging and do not seek help from a physician.
Parkinson’s is slightly more common in men than in women.
The average age of onset is about 57; as you get older it becomes more common.
Due to life changes, physical activity and socializing decreases.
The disease was first identified in 1817.
Parkinson’s disease is named after James Parkinson
Fun Facts cont.
People in rural areas are at higher risk of developing the disease because of exposure to pesticides and other chemicals through contaminated well water.
Research indicates that higher coffee and caffeine intake is associated with a significantly lower incidence of Parkinson's disease.
1 in 272 people have the disease.
It is estimated that 1.10% of the U. S. population, or 1 in 90 people, have the disease and do not yet know it.
Each week in the United States 280 people die from the condition.