Poverty as a Challenge<br />
Poverty map- India<br />The proportion of people below poverty line came down to about 26% in 2000. The latest estimates i...
Extreme Poverty is Widespread<br /><ul><li>Over 1 billion people subsist on less than $1 per day
About 2.8 billion - nearly half the world’s population - lives on less than $2 per day
Nearly 20 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are poorer today than they were a generation ago
But poverty is multidimensional; raising incomes is crucial but low income is only one of the problems of poverty</li></li...
High growth rate of popuiation
Unemployment
Backwardness of Indian agriculture
Lack of education
Inadiquate implementation of anti-poverty programmes
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Poverty is one of the challenge India facing today.

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Poverty As A Challenge For Upload

  1. 1. Poverty as a Challenge<br />
  2. 2. Poverty map- India<br />The proportion of people below poverty line came down to about 26% in 2000. The latest estimates indicate a significant reduction in the number of poor to about 260 million.<br />
  3. 3. Extreme Poverty is Widespread<br /><ul><li>Over 1 billion people subsist on less than $1 per day
  4. 4. About 2.8 billion - nearly half the world’s population - lives on less than $2 per day
  5. 5. Nearly 20 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are poorer today than they were a generation ago
  6. 6. But poverty is multidimensional; raising incomes is crucial but low income is only one of the problems of poverty</li></li></ul><li>Causes of poverty in India<br /><ul><li>Low rate of economic development
  7. 7. High growth rate of popuiation
  8. 8. Unemployment
  9. 9. Backwardness of Indian agriculture
  10. 10. Lack of education
  11. 11. Inadiquate implementation of anti-poverty programmes
  12. 12. Political and social factor</li></li></ul><li>Think of more causes of poverty<br />What are the causes of poverty in India?<br />
  13. 13. Govt. policies of poverty eradication<br /><ul><li>Economic growth
  14. 14. Agricultural development
  15. 15. Population control
  16. 16. Land reform
  17. 17. Devt. Of cottage and small scale industries.
  18. 18. Public distribution system.</li></li></ul><li>Poverty is pervasiveness of early death<br /><ul><li>In some countries such as Angola, Congo, Liberia, Mali, Niger, and Sierra Leone , more than one-fifth of all children die before age 5 from preventable causes.
  19. 19. Life expectancy in Sub-Saharan Africa has fallen to below 47.
  20. 20. In South Asia, nearly 1 child in 10 dies before age 5.
  21. 21. The under-5 mortality rate is 126 per 1000 in low income countries, 39 per 1000 in middle income and 6 per 1000 in high income countries.
  22. 22. Every day, nearly 30,000 children in developing countries die from preventable causes--over 10 million this year alone. </li></li></ul><li>Poverty causes Hunger and Poor Health<br /><ul><li>17% of world population is undernourished
  23. 23. Micronutrient malnutrition affects 2 billion; Children face lifelong disabilities
  24. 24. In many poor countries, parasites are ubiquitous
  25. 25. A woman dies during childbirth every minute; almost none would die in North America or Europe
  26. 26. Nearly 3000 children in Africa die from malaria each day
  27. 27. The International Classification of Diseases includes Code Z59.5 - extreme poverty.</li></li></ul><li>Poverty in India<br />Planning Commission of India has defined poverty line based on recommended nutritional requirements of 2400 calories/person/ day for rural areas & 2100 calories/ person/day for urban areas.<br />
  28. 28. Employment Generation Programs in Rural India<br /><ul><li>Gram SwarozgarYojana (GSY)
  29. 29. Employment Assurance Schemes (EAS)
  30. 30. PradhanMantriGramodayaYojana (PMGY)
  31. 31. Food For Work Programme (FWP)
  32. 32. KrishiShramikSurakshaYojana (KSSY)
  33. 33. Jawahar Gram Samriddhiyojana (JGSY)</li></li></ul><li>Employment Generation Programs in Urban India<br /><ul><li>Prime Minister RojgarYojna (PMRY)
  34. 34. SwarnajayantiShahriRozgarYojna (SJSRY)
  35. 35. National Social AssisstanceProgramme (NSAP)
  36. 36. IndiraAwaasYojna (IAY)
  37. 37. ShikshaSahayogYojna (SSY)</li>

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