Oporto Model United Nations
25th, 26th, 27th March 2010
Are you up to the challenges of today?
b) CLIP (Oporto International School) Page 6
c) Oporto Model United Nations
a. OPOMUN 2010 Page 7
b. Issues Page 8
c. OPOMUN 2010 Members of State Page 10
d. Rules and Procedures Page 11
e. Enrollments and Deadlines Page 14
d) Palácio da Bolsa Page 15
e) Social Event – Real Companhia Velha Page 16
f) Conference Schedule Page 17
g) OPOMUN 2010 Team Page 18
h) Sponsors Page 19
Timeless pleasures. Visionary concepts.
Unforgettably charming. This is the the inflow of individuals from all over the
general idea visitors get whenever visiting world
the magnificent city of Oporto. Porto, also To walk in Oporto is not only to see, but
known as Oporto in English, is the also to live history. Founded over 880
nation’s second capital sharing the title of years ago, the historical centre has been
most global and cosmopolitan city of declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Portugal with its southern counterpart The city is also responsible for the
Lisbon. country’s most famous export: Port Wine.
The proud cultural and economic heart of A tradition centuries old, which
the North of Portugal, Oporto has a connoisseurs appreciate in all five
population of 220,000 inhabitants. Its real continents.
demographic strength lies in the Greater Whether through its charm, beauty or
Metropolitan Area of Porto where a little sheer cosmopolitan nature, our city is the
over 1.7 million people live. ideal location for the budding
Porto, as you will hopefully discover, has entrepreneur or political visionary, to put
a story to tell in every corner. Porto is forth his ideas in a fantastic environment
known for its friendly atmosphere as the of open minds and doors to those who
locals embrace foreign tourists with warm wish to make the world a better place.
hearts since they are quite accustomed to
OPORTO INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL
CLIP (Colégio Luso‐Internacional do Porto)
Expressing one’s views and arguments in a embodiment of the initiative of a group of
cohesive and articulate manner constitutes students who travelled the world debating
one of the main pillars of the education at various locations and decided that they
provided to students at CLIP. The debate of themselves had a responsibility to bring
ideas is strongly encouraged in the home the gift they had been given through
classroom and in the participation of CLIP their experience; that of participating in a
students in conferences in Europe, Asia and rich debate where one can develop skills
the United States. that would have otherwise been ignored;
It is our strongest desire to provide you of developing bonds with individuals from
with a constructive, demanding event all backgrounds. This is what we propose,
where the principles we stand for are our motivation.
reflected and where, above all, we aim to So what motivates you?
have the privilege of hearing your Join us at OPOMUN and you will have the
perspectives and insights on the most perfect stage to show it to us yourself...
pressing issues of today.
The OPOMUN conference is the
Seeking Global Solutions
to Global Problems
Taking place in the timeless city of Oporto, the while shedding their personal beliefs and
Oporto Model United Nations presents a opinions by stepping into the shoes of
remarkable venue in which the exchange of ambassadors and ministers alike; attempting to
perspectives takes place. further their own goals, while reaching a
compromise with those of others; solving the
In its 3rd Edition, it is our intention to take the
most pressing issues of the 21st century to
conference to the next level, with the debate
ensure the livelihood of future generations.
now occurring both at the state of the art
facilities of CLIP and at the stunning Arab room These are the principles we stand for. The ones
in the UNESCO World Heritage classified, for which this initiative was created.
Palácio da Bolsa.
We seek to engage delegates from all
Are you up to the challenges of today?
backgrounds to put forth their ideas; to take the
stage as representatives of over 100 nations
The issues of tomorrow. United Nations
2010 – Issues
The solutions of today. being covered
The debate style in OPOMUN seeks to incentivate a constructive step‐by‐step approach to
resolution making, while at the same time providing the ideal environment in which ideas can
presented, discussed and judged in a streamlined, engaging manner.
Our clause‐by‐clause debating procedure allows for these characteristics, since the resolution
can be constructed gradually and every part of it scrutinized by members. Unlike the wieldy
and rigid debating of resolutions as whole adopted by many conferences we believe this is the
ideal manner with which the most rational consensus can be reached.
Human Rights Committee Disarmament Committee
‐ Question of the illegal imprisonment ‐ Question of uncontrolled nuclear
of individuals with the aim of proliferation, with regard to the
impeding self‐determination and the advent of rogue nuclear programs in
chronic violation of the Declaration member states.
of Human Rights of these very
The world’s nuclear security has become
individuals, in member states.
ever more put at risk, due to a variety of
Do we live in a free world? To many of the factors. From the fall of former nuclear
citizens of developed countries this may states to the information age’s spreading of
seem like an obvious question. However the the know how of nuclear material and even
threats on civil liberties in many of the UN’s the willingness of certain states to distribute
members are a reality. From openly
totalitarian regimes, which seek to control
the will of their citizens, to dictators The aim of the Disarmament committee is to
disguised as promoters of democracy. The approach the issues that threaten the
world is rife with those who seek to nuclear security in the member states of the
antagonize and oppress. UN, with a special emphasis in establishing
The aim of the human rights committee is to dialogue between legitimate nuclear powers
build up and approve a resolution, which and aspiring nuclear states. Ultimately, an
contains measures to counter the rise of effective framework is to be created for the
these oppressive governments establishing process of legal nuclear proliferation.
measures to promote these liberties and
General Assembly “Since wars begin in the
‐ Question of UN reform. minds of men, it is in the
Described by its own international documents
minds of men that the
as a “culture of impunity” with “a pattern of defenses of peace must be
corrupt practices” and “systematic abuse”, the constructed.” UNESCO CHARTER
United Nations faces tough questions after
numerous scandals have rocked the
international institution. The Oil‐food kickbacks The United Nations charter was signed on
corrupt peacekeeping contracts and sexual 1945 in San Francisco. The conference
exploitation and abuse in UN peacekeeping established the United Nations as an
missions have tarnished the reputation of the organization dedicated to preserving peace,
United Nations. Scandals aside, the credibility expanding human rights and increasing
of the United Nations was largely shattered by international co‐operation and collective
the Security Council’s failure to address the security.
Iraqi threat. Instead of acting as an effective
The United Nations provide a means to help
mechanism for advancing global security, the
resolve international conflicts peacefully and
Security Council became a barrier to progress. Is
formulate policy on issues of international
it time for dramatic changes to this global
significance. All members have a voice and a
institution? Or do the individual nations that
vote in this process.
make up the organization need to take more
responsibility for the organization’s With 192 members the UN acts as the chief
shortcomings and their citizens’ actions? This mediator in the event of a international crisis.
GA will examine the funding challenges of the Despite criticisms to its relative
organization and address credibility issues as a ineffectiveness due to a variety of reasons
result of scandals. Yet the main issue being such as: the excess of bureaucratic weight
addressed will be to explore the options and the advent of veto empowerment to the
regarding the restructuring of the Security United States, China, Russia, the UK and
Council. France following the second world war, the
UN has a series of victories in its wake which
grant it near legendary status in the realm of
OPOMUN 2010 Members of State
Afghanistan Chile Germany Mauritius Somalia
Albania China Ghana Mexico Sri Lanka
Algeria Colombia Greece Micronesia Sudan
Angola Congo Guatemala Morocco South Africa
Argentina Costa Rica Guinea Bissau Mozambique Sweden
Australia Croatia Haiti Myanmar Switzerland
Austria Cuba Honduras Namibia East Timor
Bangladesh Czech Hungary Netherlands Thailand
Bahrain India Nigeria Turkey
Belgium Indonesia Norway UAE
Bolivia Iran Pakistan Uganda
Botswana Iraq Portugal UK
Brazil (North Korea) Israel Qatar Ukraine
Bosnia‐ Herzegovina DR Congo Italy Republic of Congo USA
Bulgaria Ecuador Japan Republic of Korea Venezuela
Burkina Faso Egypt Kazakhstan Russian Federation Viet Nam
Cambodia El Salvador Kenya Saudi Arabia Zimbabwe
Cameroon Ethiopia Kuwait Senegal
Canada Finland Lebanon Singapore
Cape Verde France Libyan Arab Spain
2010 ‐ Rules
RULES AND PROCEDURES
1. Obtain the floor before speaking.
directed to the Chairman by a member
2. Stand when speaking;
of the house who feels that a mistake
3. Speeches should begin with “Honourable
has been made in the order of debate
Chair, Fellow Delegates, Distinguish
or who requires clarification of the
rules of procedure.
4. Yield the floor when required to do so by the
3. Point of Information – may not
interrupt the speaker – question
5. Always refer to another delegate or yourself,
directed to the speaker who has the
in the third person.
floor by a member of the floor who
6. Be courteous at all times and avoid the use
has been duly recognised by the Chair.
of insulting language.
It must be in the form of a question.
7. Only the Chair, a member of the house
4. Order of the day – may interrupt the
recognised by the chair for a point, or the
speaker – question to the chairman by
speaker holding the floor, has any right to
a member of the house who feels that
the topic being spoken by the speaker
8. The Chair may, if circumstances warrant it,
is off course.
extend or reduce debate times or speaking
5. Move to previous question – may not
times and limit the number of points of
interrupt the speaker – calls for the
closure of debate and for a vote to be
taken on a motion pending. The Chair
Although opening speeches are not mandatory,
or a speaker who has the floor may
delegates are welcome to write one.
Motions 6. Move to a table resolution – directed
to the Chair, asking to postpone the
1. Point of Personal Privilege – may interrupt debate.
the speaker – for problems with audibility or 7. Move to extend debate/caucus time –
clarity. may not interrupt the speaker ‐
2. Point of order/Parliamentary Enquiry – may directed to the Chair and raised after
not interrupt the speaker – question
the elapse of debating/caucus time, 1. Lobbying/Caucusing – discuss with
requesting its extension. other delegates your opinions,
8. Division of the house – may not interrupt according to your country’s policies
the speaker – directed to the chair so that you can exchange knowledge
requesting the recount of the votes, after in order to formulate clauses.
the vote counting is close. 2. Submission – the main submitter
9. Adopt without a vote – may not interrupt must fill in, in the adequate paper
the speaker; unanimous decision – no the clause and write as submitter.
objections. Each clause must have at least tree
co‐submitters. In order to be
considered, operative clauses must
begin with the following expressions:
A ‐ Authorises;
clause is a specific kind of statement. It is a ‐ Calls For/ Calls Upon;
clause such as clauses in business contracts, ‐ Condemns;
which states terms of a specific agreement. ‐ Congratulates;
Many clauses together form a resolution. ‐ Confirms;
‐ Declares accordingly;
There are two types of clauses: Preambulatory ‐ Deplores;
and Operative. While preambulatory phrases ‐ Designates;
are statements, which define a problem, ‐ Encourages;
operative clauses are the ones, which call for ‐ Endorses;
action for the problem presented in the ‐ Expresses its appreciation/hope;
preambulatory clauses. ‐ Further
Delegates are reminded that at OPOMUN
Conference, they are not expected to arrive
with full‐fledged resolutions. One or two solid
operative clauses with which to caucus and
kick‐off the debate is all that is required.
Resolutions are expected to emerge from the
debates in the committees.
Life of a Clause: ‐ Requests;
‐ Resolves; regarding other aspects. In order to the
‐ Seeks; clause being more viable for the delegate,
‐ Strongly affirms/condemns/ urges; he can submit an amendment to the clause.
‐ Suggests; An amendment is an alteration to the
‐ Supports; original clause. The delegate can strike
‐ Trusts; (eliminate), insert (add) or change (modify),
‐ Transmits; the original clause.
3. Presentation/ Debating Time – The
delegate should raise his placards when
the Chair announces that the floor is
open. If this delegate holds the floor, he
should state that he has submitted a
4. Time in Favour/Against – After the
submitter of the clause presented it, and
spoke for the clause, it is time for any
delegate who wishes to speak against or
in favour of the clause.
5. Voting – After there has been time for
and against the clause, the Chair will
close the debating time and move into
voting procedures. Each delegate has the
right to vote for, against or abstain.
A resolution is similar to a contract, however
applied to a political reality, in which it works as
an agreement between nations to resolve a
When a clause is presented, a delegate must
analyse if he is in favour or against the clause. A
delegate may be in favour of the general idea
stated in the clause, but have some hesitations
Nations 2010 ‐
ENROLLMENTS AND DEADLINES Enrollments
Name CLIP – COLÉGIO LUSO‐INTERNACIONAL PORTO SA
NIB 0010 0000 41326050001 32
IBAN – International Bank Account Number PT50 0010 0000 4132 6050 0013 2
Deadlines and Fees Agenda
* One Chaperone per school is not
Friday, 15th January 2010 – School Enrollment charged while the second Chaperone will
(schools are to send to be required to pay the 70€ fee.
firstname.lastname@example.org their intentions to Hotels Available
participate on OPOMUN, along with the Having a partnership with the Fénix Hotels
payment receipt (a digital scan of it will we have managed to secure a series of
suffice) – 50€ ‐ which should be paid through special deals for those that are staying with
bank transfer; us during the length of the conference.
Friday, 12th February 2010 – Final delegation HF Fénix Porto (****)
payments (schools are to send to ‐ Single or Double… 65.00€
email@example.com the number of ‐ Triple… 89.00€
delegates participating, as well as their
HF Tuela Porto (***)
countries’ preference, along with an extract
of the transaction – 70€/delegate* ‐ which ‐ Single or Double… 60.00€
should be paid through bank transfer); ‐ Triple… 79.00€
Tuesday, 23rd February 2010 – Country Although we provide these deals we
assignments (OPOMUN will assign to each merely act as mediators and payments
school their given countries); should be made directly to the hotels.
Monday, 8th March 2010 – Schools are www.hfhotels.com / firstname.lastname@example.org
expected to send to Prices include 2 lunches, 1 dinner and all
email@example.com the name and the trips to and from the hotel.
respective country of each delegate;
Palácio da Bolsa
Breathing History. Living Glamour.
The Porto Commercial Association started building the Palácio da Bolsa, its seat and property
in 1842. Throughout three generations many masters and craftsmen alike worked towards
the building of this 19th century architectural jewel in neoclassical style.
Classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the Palacio da Bolsa’s Arab Room, with its
gilded gold ceilings, is an absolutely stunning site. Considered by man to be the city’s cultural,
social and political hub, the palace is a brisk and active space, open to the community, where
the purposes and reasons behind its creation are pursued: to be a meeting point, a reception
area, and above all, a place where views are exchanged.
Host to OPOMUN’s General Assembly and ideally located near the river in the city’s historic
centre, the Palace will undoubtedly be serving its purpose: when delegates debate the issues
the most pressing issues of today, within the walls of a timeless room, in a building which has
been serving as a home to the clash of ideas for over 165 years.
250 years of history
On the 10th September 1756, The
Real Companhia Velha was founded
by Royal Charter of The King D. José
I, under the auspices of His Prime
Minister, Sebastião José de Carvalho
e Mello, Count de Oeiras and
Marquis de Pombal.
Formed by the most important
farmers of the Upper Douro and the
Good Men of the City of Oporto, the
Company was entrusted with the
task of "sustaining the cultivation of
vines, conserving the production of
them in their natural pureness, in
benefit of Agriculture, Trade and
Among the numerous services
performed by the Company in favor
of the public, outstanding, because
of their enormous importance, were
the so‐called Pombaline
Demarcation in the Douro Region,
carried out between 1758 and 1761
by the Deputies of the Board of the
Real Companhia Velha. Thus the Port
wine Region was delimited‐ being
the oldest Demarcated Wine Region
in the world.
25th, 26th and 27th March 2010
Day One Day Two Day Three
th th th
Thursday, 25 March 2010 Friday, 26 March 2010 Saturday, 27 March 2010
(Real Companhia Velha) (CLIP) (Palácio da Bolsa)
17:00 – 17:30: Registration at Real 09:00 – 09:30: Registration at CLIP 09:00 – 09:30: Registration at Palácio da
Companhia Velha Bolsa
09:30 – 11:30: Committees in Session I
17:30 – 19:00: Opening Ceremony 09:30 – 11:00: G.A. in Session I
11:30 – 11:45: Coffee Break
19:00 – 20:00: Social Event (Guided Tour 11:00 – 11:15: Coffee Break
11:45 – 13:30: Committees in Session II
to the wine cellars)
11:15 – 13:15: G.A. in Session II
13:30 – 14:30: Lunch at CLIP
20:00 – 22:00: Snack at Real Companhia 13:15 – 14:30: Lunch
Velha. 14:30 – 16:30: Committees in Session III
14:30 – 16:30: G.A. in Session III
End of Day One 16:30 – 17:00: Coffee Break
16:30 – 17:00: Coffee Break
17:00 – 18:00: Committees in Session IV
17:00 – 18:00: Closing Ceremony
End of Day Two
End of Day Three
The OPOMUN 2010 Team
Behind every event are the faces that created it. The minds who imagined it. The voices that promoted it.
The ones who are here to provide you with the finest experience possible.
These are our faces.
Fernando Carvalho, Secretary General
One of the founders of the original OPOMUN conference, our Secretary
General is an award winning MUN veteran with over a dozen conferences, and
various chairing positions to his name, including the chairing of a Global
Summit for 300 delegates in the actual UN building in NY.
Carolina Pereira, Deputy Secretary General
Carolina Pereira is one of the masterminds behind the founding of the
OPOMUN movement. An experienced MUN debater, she has held multiple
chairing positions in conferences the world over. As this year's deputy
Secretary General her voice will, without a doubt, be a vivid call to order.
Ana Barandela, Head of Administration Staff
Our Intrepid Head of Admin staff comes from a background where managing
large groups of people has become second nature.
With various conferences attended as a delegate and her involvement in
previous editions experience and professionalism are the key traits of our HoAS.
Erika Otaviano, Head of Press
As a budding Journalist, Erika Otaviano has been involved in the organisation of
MUN conferences extensively and been responsible in part for the Press of
OPOMUN in its previous editions. Her insights will be invaluable to delegates
whether in the analysis of debates or the most comical moments in the realms
of note passing and speech making.
Partners in Vision. Partners in Business.
This booklet was made by:
Special thanks to: Miss Isabel Morgado
Rua de Vila Nova, 1071 . 4100‐506 Porto, Portugal
+351 226 199 160 (tlf) +351 226 199 169 (fax) +351 915 210 683 (Sec. General) +351 938 199 773 (Dep. Sec. General)