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Motivation Intro. To Psychology PSY-201 Instructor: AdeelaAslam
“Internal processes that initiate, sustain, and direct activities”
Need or desire that energizes or direct behavior
The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; which gives purpose and direction to behavior push of the mental forces to accomplish an action Motivation…Dynamics of Behavior
Need, an internal deficiency Drive, an energizing motivational state Response, an action or series of action to attain the goal Goal, the target of the motivated behavior Motivational modal
Need Any thing , necessary but lacking or A lack of something wanted or deemed necessary Drives A physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire Difference between need and drive “Need" is a physiological situation that must be resolved (hunger, thirst, etc.). In such situations, the "drive" is the motivation to solve the physiological need. Cont…
The ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes The relatively constant conditions within organisms, or the physiological processes by which such conditions are maintained in the face of external variation So it is standing steady or steady state Needs produced by a process known as homeostasis Homeostasis
Our biological drives maintain our homeostasis When our body deviates from the optimal level automatic reactions began to make it steady as If you feel too hot, more blood will flow through skin thus lowering body temperature we are normally not aware of such changes, unless continued disequilibrium drives us to move to a shady place, warmth, food and water Cont…..
Primary motives-basic drives , innate/inborn Purpose:- self preservation/species preservation Unlearned Stimulus Motives- express needs for stimulation and information. Examples include activity, curiosity, exploratory, manipulation, and physical contact. Although such motives also appear to be innate , they are not strictly necessary for survival. Types of motives
Secondary motives Acquired as part of the socialisation process. Motives based on learned need, desires and goals Only consider our secondary motives once our primary motives have been satisfied
Examples of Primary and Secondary Motives Primary motives Hunger Thirst Sleep Temperature regulation Elimination Avoidance of pain Sex Secondary motives Gregariousness (common social motive) Curiosity Ambition Competition Aggression Interests Attitudes