Motivation
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Motivation

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prepaid by asim shahzad student of BBA9hons) university of Gujrat Pakistan

prepaid by asim shahzad student of BBA9hons) university of Gujrat Pakistan

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Motivation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Motivation
    Intro. To Psychology
    PSY-201
    Instructor: AdeelaAslam
  • 2. “Internal processes that initiate, sustain, and direct activities”
    • Need or desire that energizes or direct behavior
    The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; which gives purpose and direction to behavior
    push of the mental forces to accomplish an action
    Motivation…Dynamics of Behavior
  • 3. Need, an internal deficiency
    Drive, an energizing motivational state
    Response, an action or series of action to attain the goal
    Goal, the target of the motivated behavior
    Motivational modal
  • 4. Model of Motivation
  • 5. Need
    Any thing , necessary but lacking or
    A lack of something wanted or deemed necessary
    Drives
    A physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire
    Difference between need and drive
    “Need" is a physiological situation that must be resolved (hunger, thirst, etc.). In such situations, the "drive" is the motivation to solve the physiological need.
    Cont…
  • 6. The ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes
    The relatively constant conditions within organisms, or the physiological processes by which such conditions are maintained in the face of external variation
    So it is standing steady or steady state
    Needs produced by a process known as homeostasis
    Homeostasis
  • 7. Our biological drives maintain our homeostasis
    When our body deviates from the optimal level automatic reactions began to make it steady as
    If you feel too hot, more blood will flow through skin thus lowering body temperature
    we are normally not aware of such changes, unless continued disequilibrium drives us to move to a shady place, warmth, food and water
    Cont…..
  • 8. Primary motives-basic drives , innate/inborn
    Purpose:- self preservation/species preservation
    Unlearned
    Stimulus Motives- express needs for stimulation and information.
    Examples include activity, curiosity, exploratory, manipulation, and physical contact.
    Although such motives also appear to be innate , they are not strictly necessary for survival.
    Types of motives
  • 9. Secondary motives
    Acquired as part of the socialisation process.
    Motives based on learned need, desires and goals
    Only consider our secondary motives once our primary motives have been satisfied
  • 10. Examples of Primary and Secondary Motives
    Primary motives
    Hunger
    Thirst
    Sleep
    Temperature regulation
    Elimination
    Avoidance of pain
    Sex
    Secondary motives
    Gregariousness (common social motive)
    Curiosity
    Ambition
    Competition
    Aggression
    Interests
    Attitudes