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  1. 1. Motivation<br />Intro. To Psychology<br />PSY-201<br />Instructor: AdeelaAslam<br />
  2. 2. “Internal processes that initiate, sustain, and direct activities”<br /><ul><li>Need or desire that energizes or direct behavior</li></ul>The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; which gives purpose and direction to behavior <br />push of the mental forces to accomplish an action <br />Motivation…Dynamics of Behavior<br />
  3. 3. Need, an internal deficiency<br />Drive, an energizing motivational state<br />Response, an action or series of action to attain the goal<br />Goal, the target of the motivated behavior<br />Motivational modal<br />
  4. 4. Model of Motivation<br />
  5. 5. Need <br />Any thing , necessary but lacking or <br />A lack of something wanted or deemed necessary <br />Drives<br />A physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire <br />Difference between need and drive<br />“Need" is a physiological situation that must be resolved (hunger, thirst, etc.). In such situations, the "drive" is the motivation to solve the physiological need.<br />Cont…<br />
  6. 6. The ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes<br /> The relatively constant conditions within organisms, or the physiological processes by which such conditions are maintained in the face of external variation<br />So it is standing steady or steady state<br />Needs produced by a process known as homeostasis<br />Homeostasis <br />
  7. 7. Our biological drives maintain our homeostasis<br />When our body deviates from the optimal level automatic reactions began to make it steady as<br />If you feel too hot, more blood will flow through skin thus lowering body temperature<br /> we are normally not aware of such changes, unless continued disequilibrium drives us to move to a shady place, warmth, food and water<br />Cont…..<br />
  8. 8. Primary motives-basic drives , innate/inborn<br />Purpose:- self preservation/species preservation<br />Unlearned<br />Stimulus Motives- express needs for stimulation and information. <br />Examples include activity, curiosity, exploratory, manipulation, and physical contact.<br />Although such motives also appear to be innate , they are not strictly necessary for survival.<br />Types of motives<br />
  9. 9. Secondary motives<br />Acquired as part of the socialisation process. <br />Motives based on learned need, desires and goals<br />Only consider our secondary motives once our primary motives have been satisfied<br />
  10. 10. Examples of Primary and Secondary Motives<br />Primary motives <br />Hunger<br />Thirst<br />Sleep<br />Temperature regulation<br />Elimination<br />Avoidance of pain<br />Sex<br />Secondary motives<br />Gregariousness (common social motive)<br />Curiosity<br />Ambition<br />Competition<br />Aggression<br />Interests<br />Attitudes<br />
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