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Motivation
 

Motivation

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prepaid by asim shahzad student of BBA9hons) university of Gujrat Pakistan

prepaid by asim shahzad student of BBA9hons) university of Gujrat Pakistan

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    Motivation Motivation Presentation Transcript

    • Motivation
      Intro. To Psychology
      PSY-201
      Instructor: AdeelaAslam
    • “Internal processes that initiate, sustain, and direct activities”
      • Need or desire that energizes or direct behavior
      The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; which gives purpose and direction to behavior
      push of the mental forces to accomplish an action
      Motivation…Dynamics of Behavior
    • Need, an internal deficiency
      Drive, an energizing motivational state
      Response, an action or series of action to attain the goal
      Goal, the target of the motivated behavior
      Motivational modal
    • Model of Motivation
    • Need
      Any thing , necessary but lacking or
      A lack of something wanted or deemed necessary
      Drives
      A physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire
      Difference between need and drive
      “Need" is a physiological situation that must be resolved (hunger, thirst, etc.). In such situations, the "drive" is the motivation to solve the physiological need.
      Cont…
    • The ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes
      The relatively constant conditions within organisms, or the physiological processes by which such conditions are maintained in the face of external variation
      So it is standing steady or steady state
      Needs produced by a process known as homeostasis
      Homeostasis
    • Our biological drives maintain our homeostasis
      When our body deviates from the optimal level automatic reactions began to make it steady as
      If you feel too hot, more blood will flow through skin thus lowering body temperature
      we are normally not aware of such changes, unless continued disequilibrium drives us to move to a shady place, warmth, food and water
      Cont…..
    • Primary motives-basic drives , innate/inborn
      Purpose:- self preservation/species preservation
      Unlearned
      Stimulus Motives- express needs for stimulation and information.
      Examples include activity, curiosity, exploratory, manipulation, and physical contact.
      Although such motives also appear to be innate , they are not strictly necessary for survival.
      Types of motives
    • Secondary motives
      Acquired as part of the socialisation process.
      Motives based on learned need, desires and goals
      Only consider our secondary motives once our primary motives have been satisfied
    • Examples of Primary and Secondary Motives
      Primary motives
      Hunger
      Thirst
      Sleep
      Temperature regulation
      Elimination
      Avoidance of pain
      Sex
      Secondary motives
      Gregariousness (common social motive)
      Curiosity
      Ambition
      Competition
      Aggression
      Interests
      Attitudes