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# Data Present

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### Data Present

1. 1. DATA PRESENTATION
2. 2. METHOD OF DATA PRESENTATION <ul><li>TABLES </li></ul><ul><li>CHARTS </li></ul><ul><li>DIAGRAMS </li></ul><ul><li>GRAPHS </li></ul><ul><li>PICTURES AND CURVES. </li></ul>
3. 3. TABULATION <ul><li>THE TABLES SHOULD BE NUMBERED. </li></ul><ul><li>EG: TABLE 1, TABLE 1.1 ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>A TITLE MUST BE GIVEN TO EACH TABLE. </li></ul><ul><li>THE TITLE MUST BE BRIEF AND SELF-EXPLANATORY. </li></ul><ul><li>THE HEADINGS OF COLUMNS OR ROWS MUST BE BRIEF AND CLEAR. </li></ul><ul><li>FOOT NOTES MAY BE GIVEN. </li></ul><ul><li>SOURCE-NOTE MAY BE GIVEN; IT REFERS TO WHERE INFORMATION HAS BEEN TAKEN. </li></ul>
4. 4. SIMPLE TABLES <ul><li>DATA ARE CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO ONE CHARACTERISTIC. </li></ul>TABLE 1 POPULATION OF INDIA 685,185,000 1981 251,321,000 1921 238,396,000 1901 POPULATION YEAR
5. 5. FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION TABLE: <ul><li>THE DATA IS FIRST SPLIT UP INTO CLASS INTERVALS AND THE FREQUENCY (NUMBER OF ITEMS) WHICH OCCURS IN EACH GROUP IS SHOWN IN THE ADJACENT COLUMN. </li></ul>TABLE 2 AGE DISTRIBUTION OF PATIENTS 11 10-14 18 5-9 35 0-4 NO OF PATIENTS AGE-GROUP
6. 6. CHARTS AND DIAGRAMS
7. 7. <ul><li>BARS MAY BE VERTICAL OR HORIZONTAL </li></ul><ul><li>THE BARS ARE USUALLY SEPARATED BY APPROPRIATE SPACES. </li></ul>FIG 1 SIMPLE BAR CHAR
8. 8. MULTIPLE BAR CHARTS <ul><li>TWO OR MORE BARS CAN BE GROUPED TOGETHER. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS USEFUL FOR DIRECT COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO VALUES. </li></ul>FIG 2
9. 9. COMPONENT BAR CHART <ul><li>BARS MAY BE DIVIDED INTO 2 OR MORE PARTS </li></ul><ul><li>EACH PART REPRESENTING A CERTAIN ITEM AND PROPORTIONAL TO THE MAGNITUDE OF THAT PARTICULAR ITEM. </li></ul>FIG 3
10. 10. HISTROGRAM <ul><li>IT IS PICTORIAL DIAGRAM OF FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION. </li></ul><ul><li>THE CLASS INTERVALS ARE GIVEN ALONG THE HORIZONTAL AXIS. </li></ul><ul><li>THE FREQUENCY ALONG THE VERTICAL AXIS. </li></ul>FIG 4
11. 11. FREQUENCY POLYGON <ul><li>IT IS OBTAINED BY JOINING THE MID POINTS OF THE HISTOGRAM BLOCKS. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS SMOOTHED IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE SHARP TURNS ARE AVOIDED. </li></ul>FIG 5
12. 12. PIE CHARTS <ul><li>FREQUENCY OF THE ATTRIBUTE/VARIATE IS SHOWN BY DIVIDING A CIRCLE INTO SEGMENTS. </li></ul><ul><li>THE AREA OF EACH SEGMENT DEPENDS UPON THE ANGLE. </li></ul><ul><li>EG: DISTRIBUTION OF EXPENDITURE AS PER INCOME. </li></ul>FIG 6
13. 13. THANK YOU