California History Emilio Gutierrez 2009-2010 4 th Grade
The Coast region has dry summers and wet winters. It has four major cities and they are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Fransisco, and Oakland. It has four major industries and those are fishing, technology, entertainment, and tourism. The Coast region is most densely populated region.
The Valley region has hot summers and cool winters. It has three major cities and they are Bakersfield, Fresno, and Sacramento. It has two major industries and those are agriculture and dairy. The Valley region has two major rivers that drain into the central valley.
The mountain region has mild summers and cold winters. It has two major cities and they are Ridge crest and Tahoe. It also has three major industries timber, mining, and tourism. It has lots of features those are Mt. Whitney near Lone Pine wich is the tallest mountain in the lower forty-eight states
The Desert region has hot dry summers and cool winters. It has four major industries Barstow, Palm springs, and San Bernardino. There is two Major Industries and those two are mining and aviation. It's features are Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks
Sir Francis Drake
The English explorer Sir Francis Drake sailed north along California's Coast. He found a small bay in present-day San Fransisco and named that area Nova Albion. Albion was an older name of an island in England.
Christopher Columbus was the first explorer to sail to America in the 1400's with three ships. The Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
In 1542 the Spanish explorer Juan Cabrillo sailed North from what is now Mexico to find a route to Asia. He explored present-day San Diego, Cape San Martin, and San Miguel Island.
James Cook became a well-known sailor, explorer, and mapmaker. He joined Britian's Royal Navy. Cook mapped the coastlines of New Zealand and eastern Australia while sailing on a ship named Endeavor.
In 1749 Serra left Spain to begin missionary work. After spending some years in Mexico, Serra traveled north to set up missions. Three of these missions were San Diego de Alcala.
Gaspar de Portola
In 1767 Spain sent a soldier named Gaspar de Portola to California to run its California colony. When he got to Portola led an expedition to explore the area near present- day Monerey.
Ranchos were made to make food for soldiers. They were also made to cow handle and sell their goods. Cowboys, farmers, and settlers lived in the ranchos.
Missions were made to teach the Native Americans catholicism. Many of the Indians died by small pox. The Spanish made the Indians work for them.
Pueblos were made to farm for presidios, soldiers, settlers, and families that lived in the pueblos.
John Sutter was the one who made Sutter's Fort. One day he told his worker that was James Marshal to find a place to build a sawmill While looking for a place he found gold and told John Sutter, and Sutter told him to not tell anybody he did and thats when the Gold Rush started.
In 1812 Ivan Kuskov led a group of Russian and native Alaskan fur trappers to a place north of San Fransisco. They built Fort Ross as a trading post, and within ten years, the trappers had caught most of the area's sea otter.
Fort Ross was made by Ivan Kuskov, Russian, and native Alaskan people. It was made to trade and to hunt sea otters.
Jedediah Smith was a famous explorer and a trapping man. He used to trap beaver pelts throughout the land.
James Beckwourth was an African American scout or guide who led settlers west during the 1850s.
John Bidwell helped organize the first wagon train of settlers to come to California from independence, Missouri, in 1841.
John C. Fremont
He made accurate maps of the West for the U.S. government and pioneers. He also led the U.S. troops in California's Bear Flag Revolt.
49'ers are called 49'ers because they got to the Gold Rush in 1949 when it started. 49'ers were one of the first people to get to the Gold Rush and they obviously mind for Gold.
Sam Brannan bought mining tools and supplies to sell to gold-seekers in San Fransisco.
Levi Strauss made jeans from sails of the boats back then and became rich by selling jeans, he sold the most jeans to workers.
Biddy Mason was a woman slave that petitioned for her freedom, and was actually successful.
Mary Tape was a Chinese woman that sued the state of California because they didn't let Chinese kids go to public school.
Mexican American War
The Mexican American War started in 1846 and ended in 1848. A treaty was made for America to keep the land that they were fighting for.