Physical Features Of Australia 08 09


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Physical Features Of Australia 08 09

  1. 1. Political & Physical Features of Australia Unit 10 Notes
  2. 2. I. Australia’s Political Features
  3. 3. Australia… <ul><li>Is divided into territories and states: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Territories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Tasmania <ul><li>Island off the southeast coast of the mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half of Tasmania is unspoiled land that is protected by the government </li></ul>
  5. 7. Tasmanian Devil?
  6. 9. Victoria <ul><li>State closest to Tasmania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southeast part of the mainland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capital is Melbourne; it’s the most urban state in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>The many rivers of the region are a good source of fresh water for farming </li></ul>
  7. 12. South Australia <ul><li>State in south-central Australia </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Victoria Desert is located here… </li></ul>
  8. 15. Western Australia <ul><li>Largest state; makes up 1/3rd of the mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Most of Western Australia is desert (Great Victoria Desert and Great Sandy Desert are located here) </li></ul>
  9. 16. Great Sandy Desert
  10. 17. New South Wales <ul><li>North of Victoria, on the eastern coast </li></ul><ul><li>Has more people than any other Australian state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The capital, Sydney, is the most populated city in Australia -- 3 1/2 million people live there! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Australian Capital Territory is located here </li></ul>
  11. 18. Sydney, New South Wales
  12. 19. Queensland <ul><li>Second largest state; 7 times the size of England! </li></ul><ul><li>In the northeastern part of the mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Great Barrier Reef is located off the coast in the Coral Sea </li></ul><ul><li>More than half of Queensland’s population lives in the capital: Brisbane </li></ul>
  13. 20. Brisbane
  14. 22. Northern Territory <ul><li>Northern coast of the mainland, between Western Australia and Queensland </li></ul><ul><li>Largest population of Aborigines in Australia </li></ul>
  15. 24. Australian Capital Territory <ul><li>Located in New South Wales </li></ul><ul><li>The national capital, Canberra , is located here </li></ul>
  16. 25. Canberra (Australia’s Capital)
  17. 26. II. Australia’s Physical Features
  18. 27. Australia… <ul><li>The only country on the world’s smallest and flattest continent… </li></ul><ul><li>Has Earth’s oldest and least fertile soils </li></ul><ul><li>Only Antarctica receives less rainfall! </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth of Australia also includes Tasmania, an island south of the mainland </li></ul><ul><li>It’s surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans </li></ul>
  19. 28. <ul><li>Huge desert plains stretch across the country’s middle--central Australia’s climate is hot and dry </li></ul><ul><li>Milder climates along the southeastern and southwestern coasts </li></ul><ul><li>Most Australians live in the southeastern coastal region </li></ul>
  20. 29. Great Barrier Reef <ul><li>World’s largest coral reef! </li></ul><ul><li>Lies off the northeast coast of Queensland--over 1,200 miles long </li></ul><ul><li>Contains an amazing variety of marine life, including the world’s largest collection of coral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish, & 4,000 mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, & squid) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also includes rare species like the sea cow and the large green turtle </li></ul></ul>
  21. 30. Great Barrier Reef from space
  22. 33. Coral Sea <ul><li>An important source of coral for the Great Barrier Reef </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of the Pacific Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Off the northeast coast of Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When the earth’s crust moved millions of years ago, it created the Coral Sea and the Great Dividing Range (largest mountain range in Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>Coral Sea islands are scattered over thousands of miles of ocean--no one lives on the islands except for a small group of weather specialists </li></ul>
  23. 35. Ayers Rock <ul><li>A huge, reddish rock in the center of Australia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very close to the geographic center of the continent… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It’s a monolith , which is a single, large rock sticking out of the earth </li></ul><ul><li>Appears reddish because its iron content “rusts” at the surface </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 12 stories high and almost 6 miles wide! </li></ul>
  24. 37. Ayers Rock <ul><li>Aborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its official name </li></ul><ul><li>European surveyor visited the rock in 1873 and named it after Sir Henry Ayers, an English government official in South Australia </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950, Australia created Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park around Ayers Rock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both are located in the southwest corner of the state called Northern Territory </li></ul></ul>
  25. 39. Great Victoria Desert <ul><li>Stretches through the states of South Australia and Western Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Receives only 8 to 10 inches of rain each year, and it never snows! </li></ul><ul><li>Some grasslands in the desert along with sandhills and salt </li></ul>
  26. 41. Great Victoria Desert <ul><li>First Europeans to cross the desert named it after British Queen Victoria in 1875 </li></ul><ul><li>160,000 miles long & is a protected wilderness area </li></ul><ul><li>Very few Australians live here because it’s too hot and dry </li></ul>