Dyslexia<br />Procedures for Dyslexic Learners<br />By Alicia Reyes and Jasmine Starling<br />
The Importance of Reading<br />Reading is the foundation of all other core curriculum taught in a school setting and without it students cannot be successful in any subject area<br />Despite all supplementary tutoring, some students like those with dyslexia, will continue to struggle with reading. <br />
Dyslexia Defined<br />Dyslexia is “a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity” (TEC §38.003). <br />
Program Purpose<br />Dyslexic students can be successful if:<br />they are diagnosed promptly and<br />given individualized instruction by a trained teacher in that area. <br />
Program Purpose<br />Students who struggle to read will struggle in school and life.<br />Dyslexia programs offer alternative means of instruction and or accommodations for students with dyslexia that can ultimately help them overcome and triumph over their disability.<br />
Qualification Requirements<br />Periodic testing in K-2 will be done on students to check for reading development and comprehension.<br />If student is found to be at risk for a LD, the school is required to notify parents or guardians. <br />TEC 28.006g required schools to provide an accelerated reading program<br />
Qualification Requirements <br />NCLB requires schools to employ a scientifically based reading program<br />If student shows no gains in reading, he/she will be recommended for dyslexia testing.<br />
Qualification Requirements<br />Before testing can start:<br />Districts will collect data from the student<br />Student shall be showing characteristics of dyslexia<br />K-3 example<br />Doesn’t understand words come apart<br />Has a hard time learning letters and sounds, difficulty decoding words and spelling<br />
Qualification Requirements<br />Dyslexia Testing Procedures<br />Parents/guardians will be notified about their intent to test the child<br />Parents/guardians must give their permission to test<br />Students will be tested by a professional trained in the assessment of dyslexia<br />Board of people educated in the identification of dyslexia, will determine if the child has dyslexia.<br />
Instructional Requirements<br />Recommended Instruction<br />Individualize material & instruction<br />Use explicit instruction<br />Use multisensory material<br />Gradual introduction of new material<br />Go from simple to complex<br />
Instructional Requirements<br />Recommended Instruction<br />Provide material based on the student’s reading level<br />Provided guided reading opportunities<br />Practice individualization<br />follows a logical sequential plan <br />Extended practice opportunities<br />continual reinforcement of newly learned skills <br />
Teacher-specific Regulations<br />The school district provides programs and opportunities for teachers to be trained with the proper instructional strategies for dyslexic students<br />Teachers will be trained and be prepared to implement instructional strategies that utilize individualized, intensive, multisensory, phonetic methods and a variety of writing and spelling components.<br />
Teacher Implementation<br />providing extensive on-going assessments provides teachers with up-to-date information that helps in planning instruction.<br />provide communication with the parents, giving useful tips on what can be done at home to assist children to become fluent readers. <br />phonemic awareness instruction, language structure instruction, fluency of patterns in language, strategy-oriented instruction, and emphasis on comprehension. <br />
Teacher Implementation<br />Provide strategy-oriented instruction<br />Provide instruction on phonemic awareness, language structure, fluency of patterns in language, and emphasis on comprehension. <br />
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