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When the organisation structure is designed and various organisational units are created a problem emerges as to how to synchronize the operation these units and people working therein so that they contribute their maximum to achieve their organisational objectives.we have seen that often conflicts emerge among various organisational functions and individuals.in order to overcome these problems, coordination is needed which is an integrationof group efforts in organisation.
It relates to intrinsic nature of an object.coordination,being synchronisation of efforts of human beings in an organisation.
A function is a composite of duties closely related in harmonious character and in operational similarly which for the purpose of execution has to perform some important and some less significant functions.
When various managerial functions are performed properly and adequate consideration is given to their interdependance,the result is integrated well balanced composite effort by group.
Coordination by chain of command……vertical coordination is required to harmonise the work allocated to several levels in the organisation.it ensures that various level do not act out of accord with each other or with policies and objectives of the organisation.
Committee is a body of persons entrusted with discharge of some functions collectively as a group. it is significant in achieving horizontal coordination. committee ensures that problems which arises out of relationships among various units can be solved by group decisions.
Principles of direct contact……..it states that coordination can be achieved by direct contact among people whose activities are to be coordinated through effective communication system and mutual understanding.
It exists between two or more parties in which each party affects the functioning of others. The functions and way of performing such functions are altered in such away that these affect others positively.