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Colonial America 5

Colonial America 5






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    Colonial America 5 Colonial America 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Colonial Economies
    • Economy Grew
      As more people arrived economy grew
      Some items could only be exported to England
      Export: to send goods to another country to sell or trade
      Imported cloth, metal tools, glass and machines from England
      Import: to bring goods from another country for sale or use
    • Colonial Economy
      Agriculture: The business of farming
      Agriculture major way of life for most colonists
      9 of 10 colonists made their living this way
      Free Enterprise: An economic system in which a person may start any business they wish. They decide what to make, how much to produce, and what price to charge.
      Supply and Demand
      Each region had its own Natural Resources
    • Southern Colonies
    • Southern Economy
      Hot humid climate good for growing cash crops
      Grew and exported tobacco, rice, and indigo
      Indigo: used in dye – major cash crop
      Large Plantations Developing: Depended on slavery to profit
    • Slavery in south
      Made up the largest part of the economy in South
      Slave Codes: rules that took rights away from A.A.’s helped whites ‘control’ them
      Not allowed to practice religion, learn to read, marry, or own property
      Eventually made it legal to treat enslaved people as animals
      1 of 4 whites owned slaves in South
      Planters owned over half of slaves in South
    • Plantations
      Much like a small village
      Hundreds of people lived and worked
      Page 239.
      “Big House” – where the planter and family lived
      House slaves – slaves that worked in the big house
      Slave Row – small, run down cabins near fields where slaves lived
    • j
    • Planters
      Planters were wealthy, enjoyed luxury
      Most were men, some women
      Life as a slave depended greatly on where you lived
      Held high position in community
      Could get the courts to agree that the economy would fail with out slavery
    • The Slave’s Life
      Overseer – boss of the plantation
      Boss and punisher of slaves – often cruel
      Often indentured servant, or slave
      Sometimes got share of profits
      Forced slaves to work day and night, no food/water
      Dirty, back braking work in fields, took care of animals, cooked, cleaned
      Skilled workers made
      furniture, shoes, glass
    • A slaves life Cont.
      Owners would separate those who spoke the same language
      Captain William Smith, “By having some of every sort on board, there will be no more likelihood of their succeeding in a plot.”
      Work never really ended
      Had own chores to do
      Found time to talk, tell stories, sing songs
      Secretly sent messages (to meet or escape) in songs
      Secretly learned to read and later wrote about experiences
    • Slave Rebellion
      Some refused to work – were killed
      Worked slowly or broke tools
      Some escaped
      Hunted down
      Beaten, whipped, or killed
      Planters feared slave rebellion
      Willing to die for freedom
      Organized raids, burned houses, and killed people
      Planters strengthened slave codes to stop rebellions
    • MiddleColonies
    • Middle Colonies
      “Bread basket” of the colonies for growing
      so much wheat and corn
      Looked South to the English colonies in the West Indies for a place to sell surplus grain
      West Indies: needed grain to feed slaves
      Had good growing land, but used it all for cash crops like sugarcane
      Jamaica and Barbados: colonists had huge farms with hundreds of enslaved African workers
    • New England Colonies
    • New England Economy
      Turned to thick forests and seas for living
      Wood for ships, England was too expensive
      Fishing and ship industry building best in world
      Industry: all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service
      Triangular Trade: Port cities grew quickly
      Did not rely on slavery
    • Triangular Trade
      Go to the Map on Page 231
      Your own
      Version of
      This map
      In your
    • Triangular Trade
      Leg One: Boston, New York
      Traded rum, guns, tools
      Leg Two: West Africa
      Traded gold, ivory, African captives
      Middle Passage: the middle part of the journey
      Thousands of Africans died on this journey
      Leg Three: West Indies
      Traded molasses (syrup made from sugar cane)
      Molasses then made into rum in N.A.
    • Go to Map on Page 232
      What were the major exports of the…
      New England Colonies:
      Wood Products, fish, ships
      Middle Colonies:
      Southern Colonies:
      Rice, Indigo, Tobacco
    • Summary Questions
      1. How did using the ocean help New England to grow and become successful?
      2. Why do you think colonists wanted control of their own economy?
      3. What do you believe will be the effect of colonists wanting to run their own economy?
      4. What role did A.A.’s play in the South’s economy?