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Colonial America 3

Colonial America 3






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    Colonial America 3 Colonial America 3 Presentation Transcript

    • The colonies
    • Ideal Community
      What is your ideal community? What makes your ideal community different from your actual community?
      What types of buildings, things to do, and things do you see in your ideal community?
      Make a list of these items.
    • Go to page 199.
      Examine the objects. How are they different from what you might see today?
      What do you think Benjamin Franklin means by his statement?
      Go to page 202. Study the timeline.
    • Geography
      All 13 lay between Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean
      Divided into 3 regions: the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies
      See map pg 177
    • The Three Regions
      New England
      Middle Colonies
      Southern Colonies
    • New England Colonies
    • The Big Picture…
      While Pilgrims are settling in Plymouth, Puritans were growing in England
      Puritans: group of English Protestants that felt the Church of England followed Roman Catholicism to closely
      Thrown into jail because of their beliefs
      Some Puritans decided to leave England to practice religion in peace
    • Open books to pg. 204
      Look at the child in the picture.
      What does she and her surrounding suggest about Puritan households?
    • The Big Picture…
      Group of wealthy Puritans formed Massachusetts Bay Company
      King Charles I gave them a charter
      1630: Set sail
      Settled in a part of New England, called Massachusetts Bay
      Now known as Massachusetts
    • Puritans Vs. Pilgrims
    • John Winthrop
      Leader of the Puritans
      Successful lawyer
      Led Puritans to Massachusetts Bay
      First settlement named Boston
      Elected first governor by Puritan men
      Look at the map on page 205. Find Boston.
    • New England Flag
    • Geography of New England
      Rocky soil
      Made farming difficult
      Supplied wood for building homes, fences, tools
      Provided fish, transportation
      Ocean Ports
    • Economy
      Made living from forest and sea
      Most lived in villages where everyone could work together as a community, not on farms
    • New England Culture
      Subsistence Farming
      Timber and Ship Building Supplies (Rope, Masts, Tar)
      Dried Fish
      Rum and other Manufactured Trade Goods
      Puritans and Pilgrims who believed in working hard and following strict rules.
      Merchants, Manufacturers, and Lawyers.
    • “A City upon a hill”
      Wanted to be example for all the world
      Population grew from 700 to 20,000 in 10 yrs
      Males, “free man” signed a covenant
      Covenant: special promise or agreement
      Promised his family would live by the rules of the Puritan church
      Remember: Not freedom of religion, freedom to practice their religion
    • Puritans
      Believed success was a result of their belief of God and the Bible
      Believed in hard work
      Rich and poor worked regardless
      Built villages according to plan
      Page 207 in textbook
      Why was education important? Why not in Europe?
    • Patriarchy
      Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household
      Patriarchal ministers
      controlled the church
      congregation and
      household patriarchs
    • Activities Banned by the Puritans:
      Horse Racing, cock-fighting and bear baiting
      Any gathering of people without permission
      Drunkenness and swearing
      Theatre-going, dancing and singing
      Games and sports on Sundays (including going for a walk)
      Many public houses were closed down.
    • New England Coin
    • Roger Williams
      New England is growing
      Some believed Puritans should tolerate others
      Tolerate: Allowing people to have beliefs different from your own
      Brought to trial for views, wanted him to change
    • RogerWilliams
    • Rhode Island
      Roger Williams founded the settlement of Providence in what is now Rhode Island
      First European colony in the Americas to allow freedom of religion
    • Anne Hutchinson
      Believed they should pray directly to God
      Also brought to trial and exiled
      Traveled South, founded Portsmouth in Rhode Island
      RI becomes known as the “Sewer” because it is seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers and religious dissenters  More liberal than any other colony!
    • AnneHutchinson
    • Native Americans In New England
      New England Colonies continue to grow
      Natives get pushed farther off their land
      Caused disagreements
      Metacomet and King Philips War
      N.A. destroyed 16 towns
      Captured and killed
      Family sold into slavery
      Ended N.A. resistance to colonists
    • Population of the New England Colonies
    • Population Comparisons:New England v. the Chesapeake
    • Characteristics of New England Settlements
      Low mortality  average life expectancy was 70 years of age.
      Many extended families.
      Average 6 children per family.
      Average age at marriage:
      • Women – 22 years old
      • Men – 27 years old.
    • Summary Questions
      1. Why did the Puritans come to North America?
      2. Where did they settle?
      3. What was the geography of New England like?
      4. How did most in New England earn money?
      5. Why were Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson brought to trial?
    • The Middle Colonies
      The word was out. All over Europe, people were reading William Penn’s advertisements for a colony called Pennsylvania. Here was a place were “the Air is sweet and clear,” the ads said. Who was William Penn? Could his promise really be believed?
    • William Penn
      1681 King Charles II granted land in Middle Colonies to William Penn
      A Quaker hoping to practice his religion in freedom
      Came to North America with about 100 others
      Named area Pennsylvania (Penn’s Woods)
      Settlement named Philadelphia (means “city of brotherly love” in Greek)
    • WilliamPenn
    • Quakers
      Called themselves the ‘Society of Friends’
      Believed that in order to know God, they had only to listen to His voice in their heart
      No need for ministers
      “Be plain in clothes, furniture, and food”:
      Believed people should be treated fairly
      Against slavery, harsh treatment of N.A.
      Paid N.A.’s for land, causing peace between them that lasted many years
    • Geography of middle colonies
      Go to the map on page 212
      Rivers and lakes
      Used to send lumber, crops, furs to markets
      Ocean ports
      Rich farmland
      Main food growing region in North America
      People called the Middle Colonies the “breadbasket of the colonies” Why?
    • Many different people
      Scott – Irish
      Africans were not treated equally
      Many were enslaved
      German (Pennsylvania Dutch)
      Built the first Conestoga Wagons
      Brought a wide variety of skills and trades
      Blending of people of different cultures
    • Middle Colonies Culture
      Called the Bread Basket Colonies
      Farmed Wheat, Oat, Barley and Rye.
      Made homespun products.
      Traded very little.
      People from: England, the Netherlands, France, Germany and others.
      Puritans, Quakers, Anglicans, Catholics, and Jews.
    • Summary questions
      Who founded the Pennsylvania Colony?
      What was the Geography of the area like?
      How were the Middle Colonies different from the New England Colonies?
      What were the beliefs of the Quakers? What effects did they have on Penn’s colony?
    • Southern Colonies
    • The Big Picture
      Go to page 216.
      Roman Catholics were also treated badly because of their religion
      King Charles I of England, gave a charter to start a new colony for Catholics
      Colony was named Maryland
    • Maryland
      Controlled by proprietors
      Proprietors: men who owned all the land and money
      Founded as a place where Catholics could practice their religion
    • Southern Colonies Grew to Include…
      North Carolina
      South Carolina
      1732: Georgia
      Wanted to protect Carolinas from Spanish
    • Georgia &General James Oglethorpe
      General James Oglethorpe: A wealthy English army general
      He Examined England's debtors and was shocked by numbers in prison
      Debtor: a person who owes money
      Claimed “England would grow rich with her poor abroad!”
    • Georgia
      Received a charter from King George II
      Named new colony Georgia, for King George II
      King George supported the plan for Georgia because it could protect the Carolinas from the Spanish and French
      Look in books at map on page 218
    • Geography
      Warm climate
      Rich farmland
      Clay along Appalachian foothills good for corn and tobacco
      Long growing season
      Lasts 7 months
      Grew rice and indigo on large farms
      Led to successful growing of cash crops
      Bays and rivers along the coast
      Helped to import and export goods
    • Southern ColoniesEnvironment & Culture
      Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains.
      Long growing season and fertile land.
      Warm for most of the year
      Farmed Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, and Cotton.
      Trade “cash crops” farmed on Plantations.
      Purchase manufactured goods.
    • The creek
      Area already provides farming land for many
      Had already formed a confederacy to protect their lands
      First colony of Georgia, Savannah, was located next to Creek village
      Oglethorpe was given a large piece of land
    • Yamacraw Creek Native Americans meet with the Trustee of the colony of Georgia in England, July 1734
    • African Americans in Georgia
      Oglethorpe did not allow slavery
      Colonists pretend to “rent” A.A.’s from South Carolina
      1750: Slavery is well established
      In 10 years 4x as much slavery
      1760: 10,000 people living in Georgia, 4,000 were slaves
    • Summary questions
      1. Why was Georgia founded? By whom?
      2. Why was Maryland founded?
      3. What was the role of A.A.’s in the South?
      4. Why did King George support the plan for the colony of Georgia?
      5. What was the main source of income for the people of the Southern colonies? Why?