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Colonial America 2
 

Colonial America 2

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  • King James allowed them to go to VirginiaLongon merchants agreed to pay for the voyage. The pilgrims agreed to repay the debt by sending back lumber and firs.

Colonial America 2 Colonial America 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Ch. 7 Lesson 4
    Plymouth Colony
  • Big Picture
    Early in the 1500s much of Europe was divided over religion.
    The king of England, Henry VIII, broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and set up another Christian church called the Church of England.
    The members of the church of England were called Protestants because they had protested against practices of the Catholic church.
    Protestants beliefs and practices were different from those of other Christian religions
  • Some felt they still were too Catholic, so they set up their own churches
    Moved to Netherlands in early 1600’s for peace
    Life was difficult in a foreign land
    William Bradford a leader of a separatist group who decided to go to a settlement of their own
  • Pilgrims
    Traveler for religious purposes
    Went to Virginia Company for permission to start a new settlement in Virginia
    Began preparing for a difficult journey (notice how different from the Jamestown group)
    Mayflower and Speedwell ships
  • The Mayflower
    1620: King James I allowed Pilgrims to settle in Virginia
    Merchants from London agreed to pay for voyage in exchange for lumber and furs
    Sept. 1620, about 100 Pilgrims crowded into the small ship for a rough and difficult voyage
  • The Mayflower
    Hold below the deck held barrels of salted beef and bread
    Also pigs, chickens and goats
    66 day voyage
    One passenger died, one gave birth
  • The Mayflower
    Blown off course, instead of landing in Virginia, they landed at Cape Cod
    This area named New England, choose a rocky harbor called Plymouth
  • Journey of the Mayflower: http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/voyage/journey.htm
    Tour of the Mayflower: http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/voyage/tour.htm
  • Page 187 in Textbooks
  • A day’s activities might be:
    Wake up, put away the bedding
    Prayers
    Breakfast
    In good weather, activities like reading, games, exercise on deck
    Cooking by the women in good weather
    Dinner (noon meal)
    Activities similar to the morning
    Supper
    Prayers
    Sleep
  • Medicine Medicine
  • Mayflower Compact
    Pilgrims supposed to settle in Virginia, not New England
    Before setting foot on land, the Pilgrims wrote a compact, or agreement
    The compact would serve as form of govt. for their colony
  • Mayflower Compact
    In the Mayflower Compact, the Pilgrims agreed to make and obey the colony’s “just and equal laws”
    41 men signed the compact
    Important Step! Helped plant the idea of self-govt. among the colonists of North America
  • John CarverWilliam BradfordEdward WinslowWilliam BrewsterIsaac AllertonMiles StandishJohn AldenSamuel FullerChristopher MartinWilliam MullinsWilliam WhiteJames ChiltonJohn CraxtonJohn BillingtonRichard WarrenJohn HowlandSteven HopkinsEdward TillyJohn TillyFrancis CookThomas RogersThomas TinkerJohn RigdaleEdward FullerJohn TurnerFrancis EatonMoses FletcherDigery PriestThomas WilliamsGilbert WinslowEdmondMargesonPeter BrownRichard BitteridgeRichard ClarkRichard GardinerJohn AllertonThomas EnglishEdward DotenEdward LiesterJohn GoodmanGeorge Soule
  • Pilgrims Land
    Lonely, winter, cold, bitter
    William Bradford wrote a book about conditions
    PAGE 189
    Everyone went hungry, many died of disease
    By spring, only half were still alive
    William Bradford is elected leader
  • Started their colony November 20
    In the first 3 months nearly half of the settlers died
    In the spring the settlers are planting crops when a Native Am. walks out and says, “Welcome, Englishmen!”
  • The Wampanoag
    Like Jamestown settlers, there were already people here
    Helped the Pilgrims
    Samoset: learned English from traders, useful information for colonists
    Squanto: captured by English, found home with Wampanoag and helped the Pilgrims
    Colonists would not have survived the hard years without them
  • First Thanksgiving
    Plymouth, 1621
    Not exactly sure who invited who
    Lasted 3 days
    Not exactly sure what food, but crops and game
    A celebration to give thanks
  • Assignment
    # 1 – 4 on page 191 in textbook.