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Colonial America 2

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  • King James allowed them to go to VirginiaLongon merchants agreed to pay for the voyage. The pilgrims agreed to repay the debt by sending back lumber and firs.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ch. 7 Lesson 4
      Plymouth Colony
    • 2. Big Picture
      Early in the 1500s much of Europe was divided over religion.
      The king of England, Henry VIII, broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and set up another Christian church called the Church of England.
      The members of the church of England were called Protestants because they had protested against practices of the Catholic church.
      Protestants beliefs and practices were different from those of other Christian religions
    • 3. Some felt they still were too Catholic, so they set up their own churches
      Moved to Netherlands in early 1600’s for peace
      Life was difficult in a foreign land
      William Bradford a leader of a separatist group who decided to go to a settlement of their own
    • 4. Pilgrims
      Traveler for religious purposes
      Went to Virginia Company for permission to start a new settlement in Virginia
      Began preparing for a difficult journey (notice how different from the Jamestown group)
      Mayflower and Speedwell ships
    • 5. The Mayflower
      1620: King James I allowed Pilgrims to settle in Virginia
      Merchants from London agreed to pay for voyage in exchange for lumber and furs
      Sept. 1620, about 100 Pilgrims crowded into the small ship for a rough and difficult voyage
    • 6. The Mayflower
      Hold below the deck held barrels of salted beef and bread
      Also pigs, chickens and goats
      66 day voyage
      One passenger died, one gave birth
    • 7. The Mayflower
      Blown off course, instead of landing in Virginia, they landed at Cape Cod
      This area named New England, choose a rocky harbor called Plymouth
    • 8.
    • 9.
    • 10. Journey of the Mayflower: http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/voyage/journey.htm
      Tour of the Mayflower: http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/voyage/tour.htm
    • 11. Page 187 in Textbooks
    • 12. A day’s activities might be:
      Wake up, put away the bedding
      Prayers
      Breakfast
      In good weather, activities like reading, games, exercise on deck
      Cooking by the women in good weather
      Dinner (noon meal)
      Activities similar to the morning
      Supper
      Prayers
      Sleep
    • 13.
    • 14.
    • 15. Medicine Medicine
    • 16. Mayflower Compact
      Pilgrims supposed to settle in Virginia, not New England
      Before setting foot on land, the Pilgrims wrote a compact, or agreement
      The compact would serve as form of govt. for their colony
    • 17. Mayflower Compact
      In the Mayflower Compact, the Pilgrims agreed to make and obey the colony’s “just and equal laws”
      41 men signed the compact
      Important Step! Helped plant the idea of self-govt. among the colonists of North America
    • 18.
    • 19. John CarverWilliam BradfordEdward WinslowWilliam BrewsterIsaac AllertonMiles StandishJohn AldenSamuel FullerChristopher MartinWilliam MullinsWilliam WhiteJames ChiltonJohn CraxtonJohn BillingtonRichard WarrenJohn HowlandSteven HopkinsEdward TillyJohn TillyFrancis CookThomas RogersThomas TinkerJohn RigdaleEdward FullerJohn TurnerFrancis EatonMoses FletcherDigery PriestThomas WilliamsGilbert WinslowEdmondMargesonPeter BrownRichard BitteridgeRichard ClarkRichard GardinerJohn AllertonThomas EnglishEdward DotenEdward LiesterJohn GoodmanGeorge Soule
    • 20.
    • 21.
    • 22. Pilgrims Land
      Lonely, winter, cold, bitter
      William Bradford wrote a book about conditions
      PAGE 189
      Everyone went hungry, many died of disease
      By spring, only half were still alive
      William Bradford is elected leader
    • 23. Started their colony November 20
      In the first 3 months nearly half of the settlers died
      In the spring the settlers are planting crops when a Native Am. walks out and says, “Welcome, Englishmen!”
    • 24. The Wampanoag
      Like Jamestown settlers, there were already people here
      Helped the Pilgrims
      Samoset: learned English from traders, useful information for colonists
      Squanto: captured by English, found home with Wampanoag and helped the Pilgrims
      Colonists would not have survived the hard years without them
    • 25.
    • 26.
    • 27.
    • 28.
    • 29.
    • 30.
    • 31. First Thanksgiving
      Plymouth, 1621
      Not exactly sure who invited who
      Lasted 3 days
      Not exactly sure what food, but crops and game
      A celebration to give thanks
    • 32. Assignment
      # 1 – 4 on page 191 in textbook.

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