What are fossil fuels? <ul><li>A fossil fuel is a deposit in the earth used as a fuel. </li></ul>
What are the different types of fossil fuels? <ul><li>There are three types: coal, oil and natural gas. </li></ul>
How is coal formed? <ul><li>Coal is formed from the remains of plant life that lived about 400 million years ago. </li></ul>
Describe the different stages of coal formation. <ul><li>There are four stages of coal formation: peat, lignite, bituminous and anthracite. Heat and pressure also affect coal formation. </li></ul>
How is coal used as a fossil fuel? <ul><li>Coal is used in power plants to create electricity. It is also used for heat in industries. Coal can also create steel. </li></ul>
How is oil formed? <ul><li>Oil is created by the remains of plants and animals found in the ocean. </li></ul>
How is oil used as a fossil fuel? <ul><li>Oil is mainly used for fuel. The biggest usage of it is for gasoline, other fuel uses include jet fuel and diesel. Other products of oil include crayons, ink, gum eyeglasses, tires and CD’s. </li></ul>
How is natural gas formed? <ul><li>The key ingredient of natural gas is methane. After oil and natural gas are very similar and are found together. </li></ul>
How is natural gas used as a fossil fuel? <ul><li>Natural gas is used as fuel. However it is the cleanest gas. </li></ul>
What are refineries and how are they important to fossil fuel? <ul><li>A refinery is an industrial plant used for purifying substances. This is important to fossil fuels because it is how they are obtained. </li></ul>
Describe the Exxon Valdez oil spill discussing the incident, the clean-up and the effects on the environment <ul><li>On April 20 there was an explosion on a drilling rig that spilled 18.9 million gallons of oil. BP decided to take responsibility and attempt to clean it up. BP also used containment domes to pump some oil out. Oil spills kill ocean life and if it reaches land, begins to effect vegetation. </li></ul>
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